Summers: India

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This is a collection of articles, mainly from the Delhi- based press.
Delhi’s weather conditions typically represent the whole northern belt
from Jammu to Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan to Uttar Pradesh, with
local variations in the intensity of temperatures and timing of rainfall.
Links to news items about the weather in other parts of India
may please be sent as messages to the Facebook community, All information used will be gratefully
acknowledged in your name.

This page is under construction. Data will continue to be added over the next several years.


Average temperatures

Jan>Dec during a ‘typical’ year

Average temperatures in India, Jan>Dec, during a ‘typical’ year
From: April 20, 2021: The Times of India

See graphic:

Average temperatures in India, Jan>Dec, during a ‘typical’ year

Heat waves


Heat wave conditions are when the maximum temperature in an area is four or more degrees above the normal temperature. (The Times of India)

The onset of summer

2012-19: The first 30°C day of the year in Delhi

See graphic, '2012-19: The first 30°C day of the year in Delhi'

The first 30°C day of the year

Delhi: 2016-20

The first 30°C day of the year in Delhi, 2016-20
From: March 20, 2020: The Times of India

See graphic:

The first 30°C day of the year in Delhi, 2016-20

Warm summers


40°C plus temperatures


40°C plus temperatures during the summer in Delhi, 2018-2023
Graphic courtesy: [ The Times of India, 21 June 2023]

40°C plus temperatures during the summer in Delhi, 2018-2023

See the graphic



2019, 30 May- 5 June

Ashish Mehta, June 6, 2019: The Times of India

Maximum temperatures in Churu, 30May- 5 June, 2019
From: Ashish Mehta, June 6, 2019: The Times of India

How does one wake up to a minimum temperature of 34 degrees Celsius, or plan the day when mornings, afternoons and evenings melt into one solid time block, seamlessly dissolving in each other under a burning, brutal sky? Life in Rajasthan’s Churu now is like living on the edge of a tandoor. The glow of the fire seemingly inches away from scalding the skin.

At 50.8 degrees Celsius + (recorded last Saturday) and 50.3 (last Monday), it was the hottest place in the world. And it’s driving people crazy. For more than a week now, the temperature has hovered around that point. Men and women have altered their work cycle, eating habits and even lifestyle to cope with the blistering heat. Nothing seems enough.

“What has added to our agony is the power cut that starts from 4am, when it’s already close to 35 degrees C,” said Radhey Sharma, a retired government employee at the Housing Board Colony in Churu.

“Thereafter, we go out and bring at least 10 kg of ice, which is like a regular grocery item these days, to put it in the water tank and air-coolers.” There’s a rush of people at the district hospital, all complaining of vomiting, diarrhoea, heat stroke and skin ailments. Leaves of doctors have been cancelled and the entire district is on high alert.

“At least 70 patients are admitted in various wards for different heat-related problems,” said Dr Goga Ram, principal medical officer, Churu government hospital. He doesn’t expect the footfall to recede in the days to come.

Not surprisingly, says another doctor, Churu’s people have quickly changed the way they eat. Chaach (butter milk), raw onion, curd and chapati have become some kind of a universal breakfast, with many skipping lunch altogether.

“During such weather, it’s better to fill oneself up with fluids,” explained the medical man. “The more you consume oily stuff and carbohydrates, the greater the chances of compounding health problems.”

Out on the road, it’s almost eerie. By 10.30am, when most of India is bustling, the streets start emptying out in Churu. Public places are deserted, there are few passengers at railway stations and bus stands, and taxi-wallahs are nowhere to be seen.

Farmers, those mostly out in the unforgiving sun, hit their fields at 4am. It’s the same pattern that’s followed in neighbouring Binasar, Poti, Satara, Jasrasar and Jaasasar. “We don’t have an option,” said Balram Chaudhary in Jasrasar village, 24 km away from Churu. “By 7 am, it’s already simmering.”

It is toughest for nomadic people like the Gadiya-Lohars, some of whom work as ironsmiths by the roadside. “We wear wet cloths,” said Manhori as she hammered away near a furnace.

On measures taken by the district administration, a senior officer said they are sprinkling water all around, urging people to drink more water and regularly assessing the situation at hospitals. There isn’t much anyone can do when it’s so hot that birds start falling off trees.

The temperature touched 47.3 degrees Celsiu + s. Some saw it as bit of a respite. “It is a temporary relief,” said an officer at the Churu Met office. He wasn’t trying to be funny.


Warm Summers

Highest single-day maximum temperature

NIDA SAYED /Panaji logs third-highest maximum temperature for February in 55 years/ India Times- The Times of India / 14 Feb. 23

1969 to 2023: there were 14 days when the maximum temperature in Panaji was 38°C or higher

39.8°C : 1989 April 7 The highest maximum temperature recorded in Panaji

See also February weather in India


Warmest March- April

2222: March 1 -April 20: Temperatures have been settling at least 5-7 degrees above normal, in both the plains and hills.

2004 March, was when This last happened, though for a lesser duration, when temperatures remained above normal by 4-6°C for 15 days.

See also

January weather in India <> February weather in India <> March weather in India <> April weather in India <> May weather in India <> June weather in India <> Summers: India: statistics and trends that cover more than one month.<> July weather in India <> August weather in India <> September weather in India <> Monsoons: India: statistics and trends that cover more than one month.<> October weather in India <> November weather in India <> December weather in India <> Winter rains: India: statistics and trends that cover more than one month. <> Winters: India: statistics and trends that cover more than one month.

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