Information Technology, India: II (Government data)

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This article has been sourced from an authoritative, official
publication. Therefore, it has been ‘locked’ and will never be
thrown open to readers to edit or comment on.

After the formal launch of their online archival encyclopædia,
readers who wish to add further details can do so on a ‘Part II’
of this article.

Contents

The source of this article

INDIA 2012

A REFERENCE ANNUAL

Compiled by

RESEARCH, REFERENCE AND TRAINING DIVISION

PUBLICATIONS DIVISION

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND BROADCASTING

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA


Information Technology: Indian government data

The Indian IT-BPO Industry

The revenue aggregate of IT-BPO industry is expected to grow by 19.2 per cent and was expected to reach US $ 88.1 billion in 2010-11 as compared to US $ 73.9 billion in 2009-10.

The Indian software and services exports including IT-BPO exports is estimated at US $ 59.0 billion in 2010-11, as compared to US $ 49.7 billion in 2009-10, an increase of 18.7 per cent. The IT services exports is estimated to be US $ 33.5 billion in 2010- 11 as compared to US $ 237.3 billion in 2009-10, showing a growth of 22 per cent. ITeS-BPO exports are estimated to be US $ 14.1 billion in 2010-11 as compared to US $ 12.4 billion in 2009-10 to, a year-on-year (Y-o-Y) growth of 13.7 per cent.

Though the IT-BPO sector is export driven, the domestic market is also significant. The revenue from the domestic market (IT Services and ITeS-BPO) was also expected to grow to US $ 17 billion in the year 2010-11 as compared to US $ 14.2 billion in 2009-10, an anticipated growth of about 9 per cent. BPO demand in the domestic market has witnessed noticeable growth over the past few years. The Industry has been practicing good corporate business practices as well as maintaining high quality standards, which has helped in positioning the country as a trusted business partner. This is corroborated by the fact that approximately 75 per cent of Fortune 500 companies are engaged with the Indian IT-BPO industry currently.

Direct employment within the IT-BPO sector is expected to grow by 10.4 per cent to reach 2.5 million in 2010-11 with over 2,40,000 jobs being added during the year. The indirect employment attributed to the sector is estimated to be about 9.0 million in 2010-11 as compared to 8.2 million in 2009-10. Further more, the industry has been a front-rummer in diversity at the workplace (over 30 per cent of employees are women; over 60 per cent of industry players employ differently able peoples).

The IT-BPO industry’s contribution to the national GDP was estimated to increase from 6.2 per cent in 2009-10 to 6.4 per cent in 2010-11.

MAJOR INITIATIVES IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECTOR

National e-Governance Plan (NeGP)

National e-Governance Plan was approved by the Cabinet in May 2005, for implementation across the country with a vision to ‘‘Make all Government services accessible to the common man in his locality, through common service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency and reliability of such services at affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man’’.

NeGP comprises of 8 core and support components and 27 Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) encompassing nine central MMPs, eleven state MMPs and seven integrated MMPs. MMPs are owned and spearheaded by various line ministries concerned. State governments are responsible for implementing State sector MMPs, under the overall guidance of respective Line Ministries in cases where central assistance is also required. The 27 Mission Mode Projects are as under.

Table begins

Central Integrated State

MMPs (9) MMPs (7) MMPs (11)

MCA21 CSC Land Records (Pre NeGP)

Pensions e-Courts Land Records (NLRMP)

Income Tax EDI Road Transport

Passport NSDG Police (CCTNS)

Immigration, Visa & Foreigner’s Registration & Tracking (IVFRT)

Central Excise India Portal Agriculture

National Population Register e-Biz Treasuries (NPR)/MNIC (Pilot)

• UID

Banking* e-Procurement

Minicipalities

Insurance*

e-District

e-Office Commercial Taxes

Gram Panchayat

Employment Exchange

  • are Industry initiatives

Table ends

For the implementation of NeGP, DIT is creating the common and support infrastructure (State Wide Area Networks (SWANs), State Data Centres (SDCs), Common Service Centres (CSCs) & National Service Delivery Gateway/State Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG/SSDG)/and has made suitable arrangements for monitoring and coordinating the implementation of NeGP under the directions of the relevant competent authorities in this regard. The Department has also evolved /laid down Standards and Policy Guidelines, is providing technical and hand holding support, undertaking Capacity Building, R&D, etc., as required for successful implementation of various e-Governance MMPs.

'===State Wide Area Networks (SWANs) ===

The Government had approved the Scheme for establishing State wide area Networks (SWANs) across the country, at a total outlay of Rs. 3,334 crore. Under this scheme, technical and financial assistance is being provided to the States/UTs for establishing SWANs to connect all State/UT Headquarters up to the Block level via District/sub-Divisional Headquarters, in a vertical hierarchical structure with a minimum bandwith capacity of 2 Mbps per link. Each of the State/UT can enhance the bandwith up to 34 Mbps between SHQ and DHQ and up to 8 Mbps between DHQ and BHQ depending upon the utilization.

The SWANs in 27 States are operational. It is expected that all the 33 State SWANs would be operational by March 2012.

To monitor the performance of SWANs, the Department has mandated positioning Third Party Auditor (TPA) agencies by States/UTs. 17 States have empanelled the TPA agencies for monitoring the performance of the SWAN in their respective States.

Common Services Centres (CSCs)

The CSC Scheme as approved by Government of India in September 2006 for setting up of 100,000+(one lakh) internet enabled centres in rural areas under the National e-Governance plan (NeGP) is being implemented in a Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode. The Common Services Centres (CSC) are proposed to be the delivery points for Government, Private and Social sector services to rural citizens of India at their doorstep.

As on 31st August 2011, a total of 96,311 CSCs had been rolled out in thirty three States/UTs. 100% CSCs have been rolled out in 12 States.

13 State Governments have issued Government orders/ Notifications to the various departmental heads/district Level authorities/stakeholders for use of CSC to deliver various G2C services.

As per the CSC scheme policy, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) named as ‘‘CSC e-Governance Services India Limited’’ has been incorporated under the Companies Act 1956 on 16th of July 2009 with an objective of being the single point of contact for the delivery of citizen-centric services.

Connectivity to CSCs

• Connectivity has been provided to 72,270 CSCs out of which 18,923 CSCs are connected through BSNL as on 31st August 2011. Out of the total connected CSCs, 23,744 are using VSAT connectivity, 18,923 CSCs are using BSNL connectivity, 11,655 CSCs are using Data Card and 16,022 CSCs are using connectivity through other technology like WLL and GPRS of various service providers such as AirTel, Reliance and Tata Indicom. Only 1507 CSCs are using Wimax Ph-1 connectivity.

Online Monitoring of CSCs

• As on 31st August 2011, Online Monitoring Tool (OMT) has been installed/ registered in 58821 CSCs covering twenty-seven States. User ID has been created/commissioned for 79,592 CSCs.

G2C services in CSCs

• 14 State Governments have issued Government Orders/Notifications to the various Departmental heads/District level authorities/stakeholders for use of CSC to deliver G2C services. Various G2C services offered are: Agricultural services, RTI services, NREGA MIS Data Entry service, Postal Products, Land Records, Issuance of Birth and Death Certificates, Utility services, Electoral services, Transport services, Grievances, e-District services etc. In some States, the CSCs are being utilized to collect data for various government schemes for MIS, conduct of survey, digitization of records, collection of utility bills and other related activities.

B2C Services in CSCs

• The B2C Services like e-Learning, Financial services, Telecom - Mobile Charging/DTH Recharge, utility services, Employment services, Railway - Ticketing, Matrimony Services, UTI-Pan Card Processing etc. are being offered/identified through the CSCs. State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank and other commercial banks have started using CSCs for delivery of financial products and services including banking and insurance.

• CSCs are providing the e-learning services for all the sections of the community at the village level meeting their specific needs.

State Data Centres (SDCs)

The State Data Center (SDC) is being implemented across the country to provide common IT infrastructure to host Government applications. SDC is one of the three infrastructure pillars structured under NeGP to facilitate web-enabled Anytime, Anywhere access.

SDC scheme was approved by the Government on 24th January, 2008 with a total outlay of Rs. 1623.20 (Grant in aid Rs. 581.37 crore and ACA Rs. 1041.83 crore). State Data Centres in 14 States/UTs have been declared operational. It is expected that all the 33 SDCs shall be operational by August, 2012. Electronic Form Application through State Portal, State Service Delivery Gateway (SSDG)

This project entails delivery of the services through common Service Centres (CSCs) by leveraging the common infrastructure (SWAN, SDC etc.). The project also envisages the development of the applications and infrastructure required for deployment of State Portal and State Service Delivery Gateway (SSDG) for the State. This will enable citizens to download forms and submit their applications electronically with help of ‘‘electronic forms’’ hosted on the State Portal (SP) and routed through a common services gateway (SSDG/NSDG).

At present, project proposals have been approved and funds have been released for 31 States/UTs.

e-District

e-District is a State Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan. This project aims at providing support to the basic administrative unit i.e. ‘‘District Administration’’ by undertaking backend computerization to enable electronic delivery of high volume citizen centric government services which would optimally leverage and utilize the three infrastructure pillars of SWAN, SDC and CSCs to deliver services to the citizen at his doorstep. Under this project, a set of 5 service categories are being implemented in all e-District Projects. These include (1) Issue of Certificates including birth, death, domicile, etc., (2) Social Welfare Schemes - including social welfare pensions, (3) Services related to Revenue Court, (4) Ration Card related services, (5) RTI (Right to Information) services including redressal of grievances. In addition to these 5 service categories, State governments based on the demand from citizens can choose to include additional 5 categories of citizen services, which are not covered under any other MMP.

E-District Pilot Projects are being implemented in 41 districts of 16 States of the Country. The project has been implemented in 30 Districts. There have been many notable successes in service delivery to the citizens. To give an example, in the two pilot districts of Kerala, in just over six months since the scheme has been in implementation, over 1 lakh services have been delivered. The Government has also approved the scheme for national rollout of the e-District Pilot Project with an outlay of 1663.08 crore in April, 2011. The guidelines regarding the national rollout have been circulated to the various State Governments. The various States are in the process of submitting the DPRs for the national rollout of the e-District MMP in their states.

Mobile Governance

Considering the tremendous potential of mobile phones to expand the access to and reach of public services in India, DIT has taken an initiative to create a Mobile Service Delivery Gateway (MSDG) that will be integrated with the State Service Delivery Gateways (SSDGs) and the National Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG) and shall utilize the existing e-Governance infrastructure for delivery of services. A draft consultation paper on Mobile Governance Policy Framework was released for feedback and comments from all the stakeholders on 28.03.2011. DIT has conducted five rounds of public consultation with all the relevant stakeholders to elicit their views and comments on the proposed policy framework. CDAC has been assigned the responsibility of developing the MSDG that will enable delivery of public services through mobile devices. As part of MSDG, CDAC has launched the SMS Gateway services in Goa on 08.07.2011. Seven services on mobile platform have already been launched. Other components of MSDG, such as USSD, GPRS and IVRS were to be developed and launched by December 2011.

Electronic Delivery of Services (EDS) Bill

To speed up the process of enabling electronic delivery of public services to the citizens and for overcoming issues like resistance to change, systemic inertia, procedural hurdles, lack of transparency and legal impediments which hinder electronic delivery of services, it is proposed to enact the Electronic Delivery of Services (EDS) Act which would mandate provisioning of all public services compulsorily through electronic means from a specified date.

The Bill seeks to mandate within a period of five years from the date of the Bill coming into force, provisioning of all public services of the Central and State Government Ministries and the field formations and subordinate units of these Ministries compulsorily through electronic mode.

The EDS bill has been uploaded on the DIT website and many citizens and civil society organizations have provided their comments on the EDS bill. A consultative meeting chaired by the MoCIT was held on 18th July 2011 to which Central Government Ministries, State Governments, Industry Associations, Academia, Civil Society organisations were invited. The response of this consultative meeting was uniformly in support of the EDS Bill. The Cabinet note will be submitted shortly for approval and circulation to the Cabinet.

Standards

Standards in e-Governance are a high priority area, which will ensure sharing of information and seamless interoperability of data and e-Governance applications under NeGP. Major initiatives in this, include the following :

• A policy on open standards has been formulated which would provide a framework for the selection of Open Standards to facilitate interoperability between systems while providing organizations the flexibility to select different hardware systems software, and application software for implementing cost effective e-Governance solutions.

• Biometrics Standards: Biometric Standards for Face image, Fingerprint image and Minutiae and Iris have been notified, which would enable the sharing of biometrics data by various e-Governance applications.

• Two documents viz, ‘‘Quality Assurance Framework’’ and ‘‘Conformity Assessment Requirements’’ have been published.

Capacity Building

The Capacity Building scheme was approved in January, 2008 for 3 years and has been extended for a further period of 2 years. The CB scheme aims to build adequate capacities in the Government at all levels right from the decision makers to Panchayat levels in order to successfully roll out the national e-Governance Plan.

Under the CB Scheme, State e-Mission Teams (SeMTs) have been set up in 30 States. Training and sensitization of the Government officials has been a critical focus area and it forms one of the major components of the scheme. A wide range of training programmes like Leadership Meets, Secialized Training for e-Governance Programme (STeP), CIO’s Programme, Orientation workshops and other training modules have been rolled out to upskill Government officials at all levels. At political level, Leadership Meets have been conducted in 18 States so far and other States are in the pipeline. STeP Training have been rolled out pan India to upskill officials on various aspects of e-Governance. Over 700 Government Officials have been trained under STeP training. A CIO plan is also being rolled out to strengthen and create a cadre of in-house expert resources to lead and implement e-Governance in India at all levels of Government.

Citizen Engagement

As more and more projects are getting implemented under NeGP, an increasing need has been felt for wider and deeper participation of and engagement with all stakeholders especially public at large to ensure that citizen centricity is maintained in all projects. Also, as the government is considering enacting the Electronic Service Delivery Law, the possibility of e-Government projects becoming pervasive in all domains of public services in increasingly becoming a reality. It marks a paradigm shift in delivery of public and essential services - from human to technology based interfaces.

To enable and support this goal, a Citizen Engagement Framework for e- Governance projects has been developed for ministries and departments to facilitate the voice and space for citizen participation in e-governance, especially for the weakest and the most marginalised sections of society whom the e-Governance projects are created to serve the most.

Social Media

The advent of social media is transforming the way in which people connect with each other and many government agencies and departments are making use of this to connect with citizens. In order to encourage and enable government agencies to make use of this dynamic medium of interaction, a basic framework and guidelines for use of Social Media by government agencies in India has been formulated by DIT. These guidelines will enable the various agencies to create and implement their own strategy for the use of social media as an effective tool for Citizen Engagement.

India Development Gateway

India Development Gateway (InDG) is a nationwide initiative that seeks to provide responsible and credible information, products and services in local languages catering to the needs of rural communities. As part of this initiative a multilingual platform www.indg.in has been established for knowledge sharing with information, products and services in six languages viz., Hindi, English, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi and Bengali on six identified verticals i.e. agriculture, health, primary education, e- Governance, rural energy and social welfare.

Electronics Hardware Manufacturing

Information Communication Technology and Electronics have contributed significantly to the economic growth of the country. India is one of the World’s fastest growing electronics hardware markets. With the demand for electronics hardware expected to rise rapidly, India has the potential to become an electronics hardware manufacturing hub and contribute significantly to the increase in our GDP, employment and exports.

Electronics Hardware Manufacturing continues to be a thrust area for the Government. The Government has taken a number of steps on an on-going basis for promotion of this industry in the country. The vision is to establish India as a leading global destination for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) by creating a level playing field and an enabling environment for the industry to compete globally. The Government is in the process of taking up targeted and focused measures to elicit investment in this sector.

The Draft National Policy on Electronics, 2011 (NPE 2011) has been released by the Minister for Communications and Information Technology on 3.10.2011. The draft Policy envisions creating a globally competitive ESDM industry including nano-electronics to meet the country’s needs and serve the international market. One of the important objectives is to achieve a turnover of about USD 400 billion by 2020 involving investment of about USD 100 billion and employment to around 28 million by 2020. This is a quantum jump from production level of about USD 20 billion in 2009. This inter-alia, includes achieving a turnover of USD 55 billion of chip design and embedded software industry and USD 80 billion of exports in the sector. Moreover, the policy also proposes setting up of over 200 Electronic Manufacturing clusters. Another important objective of the policy is to significantly upscale high-end human resource creation to 2500 PhDs annually by 2020 in the sector. Some of the major strategies proposed in the policy include :

• Providing attractive fiscal incentives across the value chain of the ESDM sector through Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS).

• Setting up of Semiconductor Wafer Fab facilities and its eco-system for design and fabrication of chips and chip components.

• Providing Preferential Market Access for domestically manufactured electronic products including mobile devices, SIM cards with enhanced features, etc. with special emphasis on Indian products for which IPR reside in India to address strategic and security concerns of the Government consistent with international obligations in procurement.

• Providing incentives for setting up of over 200 electronic manufacturing clusters with world class logistics and infrastructure.

• Creating an ‘‘Electronic Development Fund’’ for promoting innovation, R&D and commercialization in ESDM, nano-electronics and IT sectors including providing support for seed capital, venture capital and growth stages of manufacturing.

• To use innovation and R&D capabilities to develop electronic products catering to domestic needs and conditions at affordable price points.

• Setting up Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) specific Incubation Centres across the country.

• Developing an India micro processor for diverse applications/strategic needs.

• Creating a 10-year stable tax regime for the ESDM sector.

• Setting up a specialized Institute for semiconductor chip design.

• Encouraging greater participation of private sector in human resource development for the sector. Also encouraging setting up of skill-oriented courses for electronic designs along with hands-on laboratories enabling graduates from other disciplines to migrate to ESDM.

• Developing and mandating standards for electronic products specific to Indian conditions of power, climate, handling, etc.

• Creating linkages for longterm partnership between domestic ESDM industry and strategic sectors like Defence, Atomic Energy and Space.

• Setting up of Centres of Excellence in the area of automotive electronics, avionics, and industrial electronics.

• Adopting best practices in e-waste management.

• Setting up of a National Electronics Mission with industry participation to advance the implementation of various programmes in this policy.

• The Department of Information Technology to be renamed as Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) to reflect the desired focus on electronics.

The projected growth of production of ESDM to USD 400 billion by 2020 is expected to attract investment of over USD 100 billion. This is an opportunity for international investors to consider India as potential alternate destination for electronics hardware manufacturing.

National Knowledge Network (NKN)

In March 2010, the Government approved the establishment of the National Knowledge Network (NKN) at an outlay of Rs. 5990 crore, to be implemented by NIC over a period of 10 years. The objective of the National Knowledge Network is to interconnect institutions of higher learning with a high speed data communication network.

Network will consist of an ultra-high speed core (multiples of 10 Gbps and upwards), and over 1500 nodes. It is scalable to higher speed and more nodes also. The participating institutions can directly or through distribution layer connect to the NKN at speeds of 100 Mbps/ 1 Gbps. The application areas envisaged under the NKN cover Agriculture, Education, Health, e-governance, Grid Computing (High Performance Computing).

NKN will facilitate creation, acquisition and sharing of knowledge resources among the large participating institutions; collaborative research; countrywide classrooms (CWCR) etc. and help the country to evolve as Knowledge Society.

As on 31st August 2011

• A total 409 links have been allocated out of which 300 links to institutions were commissioned and made operational and 29 virtual classrooms were setup.

• A total of 78 core links were allocated, out of which 69 core links were commissioned and are operational. Out of 69 core links commissioned so far, 7 core links have been upgraded to 10G and are operational.

Cyber Security

The increasing complexity of IT systems and networks led to mounting security challenges for both the providers and consumers. Cyber security strategy towards securing country’s cyber space is being pursued with major initiatives:

(a) Security R&D,

(b) Security Policy, Compliance and Assurance,

(c) Security Incident - Early Warning & Response and

(d) Security Training.

During the year 2010-11, eleven R&D projects were initiated in the areas of (i) packet marking schemes for traceback network security attacks, (ii) reactive roaming scheme for honey pots, (iii) enterprise level security metrics, (iii) steganalys is covering digital multimedia objects, (iv) side channel attack resistant programmable block ciphers, (v) trust models for cloud computing, (vi) establishment of computer forensic lab and training facility, and (vii) investigation of probabilistic signatures for metamorphic malware detection.

Advanced version of cyber forensics tool kit, namely, Cyber Check version 4.1 capable of acquiring Windows System (including Window 2007), Mac Systems and Linux Systems has been developed. Enterprise Forensic System capable of carrying out live forensics and hardware based high speed data acquisition tool also has been developed. Virtual training environment based training modules with handson training capability to facilitate practical training on Cyber Forensics has been created addressing the requirements of Law Enforcement Agencies. To detect hidden contents in images generated by Steganography tools, first version of analysis tool Stego Check has been made available to user agencies. A prototype solution of malware prevention system based on application behavior modeling was developed for specific applications on Windows and Linux Operating System and testing is being carried out. A web-service based Information System Security Design and Operational Management Tool Suite was developed and tested by user organizations and work is continuing to enhance the capabilities with additional services. Test bed for information security skill development using Virtual Training Environment has been developed.

The Information Technology (Amendment) Act 2008

The Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008 has been enforced and rules of important sections have been notified in October, 2009 which addresses the needs of National Cyber Security. The Act upgrades the existing legal framework to instill confidence of the users and investors in the area of Information Technology in the country. The following rules under Information Technology Act, 2000 were notified on 11.4.2011:

• Information Technology (Electronic service delivery) Rules, 2011 under section 6A

• Information Technology (Reasonable security practice and procedures and sensitive personal information) Rules, 2011 under section 43 A

• Information Technology (Intermediaries guidelines) Rules, 2011 under section 79

• Information Technology (Guidelines for cyber cafe) Rules, 2011 under section 79.

Technology Development for Indian Languages (TDIL)

Under the Technology Development for Indian Languages (TDIL), programme, DIT has taken a major initiative, to make available fonts and basic information processing software tools like open office, e-mail client, internet browser, dictionary, conversion utilities, etc. Free of cost availability of these tools will motivate users to do their day-to-day work using ICT in Indian languages. DIT has released the language- CDs, containing software tools and fonts for all the 22 constitutionally recognized Indian languages. These Language-CDs are being shipped to the users on formal request and can also be downloaded from the TDIL Data Centre website http:// www.ildc.in.

Machine translation technologies from English to Indian languages (Eight pairs i.e. English to Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil and Urdu in the tourism domain) and among Indian languages for few language pairs (four pairs Urdu-Hindi, Hindi-Urdu, Hindi-Punjabi and Punjabi-Hindi) have been made available on TDIL Data Centre website http://www.tdi-dc.in for use by people and feedback.

Text to Speech systems for Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil and Telugu have been developed using the Open Source FESTIVOX framework. The TTS systems have been integrated with Screen Readers for Windows and Linux platforms for all the above six languages has been released for public use by visually challenged. Web OCR service for Devanagari and Gurmukhi scripts has also been released for public use and feedback.

Advanced language technologies such as ‘‘Speech Recognition System’’, ‘‘Cross Lingual Information Access System’’ and ‘‘Online Hand-Writing Recognition System’’ for Indian languages are also being developed and soon will be made available for public use.

DIT is also participating in the Unicode Consortium, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), ISO and other standardization organizations to represent Indian scripts/languages in the futuristic standards/web technologies and recommendations.

Nano technology and Microelectronics

The Nano technology Initiative Programme of DIT was started in 2004 with focus on nano-electronics. Under this Programme, Centres of Excellence in Nano electronics are being established at IIT Bombay, IISc Bengaluru, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi and IIT Madras on different aspects of nano electronics. The centres at IIT Bombay and IISc are concentrating on development of nano-systems for health care and environmental monitoring, development of organic and biopolymer devices, GaN devices, accoustic sensors, magnetic materials for LC resonators, ferroelectrics for FRAM sand phase shifters etc. The centre at IIT Kharagpur is concentrating on design and establishment of MBE (molecular Beam Epitaxy) cluster tool based facility for high performance and high-speed device development. The centre at IIT Delhi will be focusing on non-silicon based nano technology development. A project entitled Indian Nano electronics Users Programme (INUP) has also been initiated at IIT Bombay and IISc Bangalore to facilitate and support generation of expertise and knowledge in nano electronics through participation and utilization by external users of the facilities established at the Nano electronics centres at IISc Bangalore and IIT-Bombay.

A project has also been taken up for establishment of a nano-metrology lab at National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi to provide calibration and traceability for physical dimensions at nano scale like line width, step height, surface texture and calibration of electrical parameters like low voltages in nanovolts, low currents in picoamperes, electric charge in femtocoulombs. In addition, several small and medium level Rs.& D projects in different areas of nanoelectronics have been initiated at academic and Rs.& D organizations across the country.

On-going projects in the thrust areas of Micro electronics, i.e., Analog Mixed Signal Designs, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), VLSI testing, Techniques for cooling for Integrated Circuits, Design & development of Low Temperature Co-fired Cermics, Reconfigurable Systems etc. were progressed. A feasibility study for India Micro processor was initiated. The study team included experts for industry, R&D institutes academic institutes, stategic users etc. Design of Digital Programmable Hearing Aid (DPHA) - Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC) completed. The development of Body worn type DHPA prototype is in progress.

Human Resource Development (HRD)

HRD activities are aimed at generation of trained human resources for the manufacturing and service sectors of electronics and IT industry. Initiatives include identifying gaps emerging from the formal sector, planning programmes in nonformal and formal sectors for meeting these gaps.

Projects have been initiated for generation of quality manpower in the areas of Information Security and VLSI Design; and setting up of Regional Institutes of e- Learning and Information Technology (RIELIT) at Kohima-Nagaland, Agartala- Tripura and Ajmer-Rajasthan for creating skilled manpower in the area of Computer Science/IT. A scheme for manpower development for the software export industry had been initiated under which various projects are being implemented. As per the National Skill Development Policy, DIT has been assigned a target of skilling 10 million persons in IECT sector out of the overall target of 500 million skilled manpower to be trained by 2022. As the reach of IT has been increasing manifolds with the launching of e-Governance services even at village/panchayat levels, there is a need to propagate IT mass literacy at large scale.

Major Projects/Programmes/Schemes

Information Security Education and Awareness Project

• Various courses in the area of Information Security - B.Tech & M.Tech (retrofit), New M.Tech. in Information Security, M.tech in Computer Science with specialization in Information Security, short-term courses/ training programmes are offered at 6 Resource Centres (RC) as mentoring institutions and 33 Participating Institutes (PI). More than 34,000 students have been trained/undergoing training in various long-term/short-term courses of RCs/PIs. Further, four centralized Faculty Training Programmes covering the faculty members of the Pls have been organized at TIFR & IISc.

• Training programmes for government officers are being conducted. A modular courseware on Information Security for short duration training programmes has been designed/developed and integrated with e-learning (e-Sikshak) tool with complete audio integration.

• Information Security awareness workshops at various locations have been conducted through the centres of CDAC, DOEACC and the participating institutes. So far more than 282 workshops have been organized across the country covering about 9795 Teachers/Parents/CSC/NGOs, etc., 30,752 school children and 5100 college students. During these workshops, around 26,300 Awareness Kits (with promotional material and Hand Books) were distributed. A dedicated website for information security awareness (http://www.infosecawareness.in) has been developed.

• A National Certification Scheme for Information Systems Security professionals at 3 levels has been evolved by DOEACC Society. Level-1 viz. Certified System Security Analyst (CSSA), Level-2, Viz., Certified System Security Profesionals and Level-3 (in 3 categories Certified Computer Forensic Professional (CCFP)/Certified Information Systems Security Auditor (CISSA)/Certified System Security Solution Designer (CSSSD)/)have been launched.

Scheme of Manpower Development for the Software Export Industry

• The scheme is aimed at creating course contents, generating mentors and quality facilities and skilled graduates in the Information Technology Sector at various locations across India with a view to increasing the employability of the students. Project under the Scheme cover training of the trainer’s Program, Enhancement of quality of IT education in colleges, Virtualization of Technical Education, conducting specialized short term courses in IT/ITES sector, setting up of National on-line Test System for Graduate Engineers in Information Technology, etc. The achievements so far are indicated as under :

• A total of 27,618 faculty members and students have been trained/ undergoing training under these projects.

• An ‘National Online Examination Software’ has been developed by CDAC, Noida. A question pool module with 100,000 objective type questions in ICT area with a provision of question pool characterization has been prepared for the Online Examination Software.

• Conducted Workshops/seminars in IECT areas such as GIS, Rural Services Delivery and Contents, Expert System and their Application, E-Healthcare, Data Digitalization, Data Warehousing and Data Mining, Enhancing Creativity and Soft Skills for better Communication, Information Security and its Application, Open source Technology for enhancement, productivity tools like Moodle, Mediawiki, Redmine and version control tools etc.

In addition, the following projects are also being implemented :

• Setting up of ICT Academy Kerala (ICTACK) with the primary objective to train faculty member of Engineering, Arts, Science, Polytechnic and ITI’s in ICT area and support roll out of mass based HR programme for graduates.

• Training Programmes on IT Enabled Soft Skill Enhancement to Improve Employability of Engineering and Management Students by Anna Universities of Coimbatore and Chennai have been started. So far, a total of 5,165 students from 91 colleges affiliated to Anna University Coimbatore and 5,610 students from 52 engineering colleges affiliated to Anna University Chennai have been trained under these projects. More than 80% of the trained students have been successfully placed in the industry.

=DOEACC Projects =: • The Department of Information Technology through DOEACC has initiated projects for setting up Regional Institutes for e-Learning and Information Technology (RIELIT) at Kohima (Nagaland), Agartala (Tripura); and DOEACC Centres at Shilong (Meghalaya), Gangtok (Sikkim), Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh), Patna (Bihar) and Chennai (Tamilnadu).

• These institutes are offering various long-term and short-term courses in ICT area. So far, 6100 students have been trained/undergoing training at these centres.

=New Initiatives =: • Project Local Capacity and Capability Building for the Union Territory of Puducherry is being implemented by Puducherry E-Goverance agency. The Project is aimed to provide capacity building through training of Teachers and Students in the ICT domain thereby making the students industry ready and employable.

Three training projects initated in the area of IT Skill development for the disadvantaged segments of the society are :

• IT Skills to improve the employability of the rural youth belonging to SC/ST and Minority Communities

• ITES-BPO (Customer Care and Banking) to improve the employability of the rural youth belonging to Women, SC/ST and Minority Communities

• Electronics Equipment Repair & Maintenance to improve the employability of the rural youth belonging to SC/ST and Minority Communities.

• Advanced Faculty Training programme in Emerging Trends of Hardware, Embedded Systems and Information Technology by C-DAC Hyderabad. Under this project, engineering students would be benefited through their trained faculty members.

• Setting up of Regional Institute of e-Learning and Information Technology (RIELIT) at Ajmer, Rajasthan by DOEACC Society. The institute would provide training to students in ICT area in the western region of India.

National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)

Seven Internet Exchange nodes are functional at Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi (Noida), Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai. The Internet Exchange nodes have ensured peering of ISPs among themselves for routing domestic Internet traffic within India, resulting in better quality of service (reduced latency, reduced bandwidth charges for ISPs) by saving on international bandwidth. Maximum volume of Internet traffic being handled by NIXI is 12Gbps.

NIXI nodes located at Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai and Noida are IPv6 ready with all its functional operations available online to the member ISPs. Two Data Centers have been established in Delhi and Chennai towards disaster management with an uptime of maximum 5 minutes. NIXI also undertakes training and workshop for network managers and other engineers in cooperation with Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC).

Since 2005, NIXI is also managing the .IN Registry (www.registry.in). Presently, 80 Registrars have been accredited to offer .IN domain name registration worldwide to customers. It has helped in proliferation of Web hosting in the country and enhancement of Indian language content in the Internet. Approx. 8.50 lakhs .IN Domain Names have been registered. Activity related to domain name registration in Indian Languages is in process.

Standardization, Testing, Quality and Certification (STQC)

Standardization, Testing, Quality and Certification (STQC) Directorate of DIT has established itself as a premier organization for Quality Assurance in the field of Electronics and Information Technology (IT) in the country. It provides Testing, Calibration, Training and Certification services through its network of fourteen test laboratories spread across the country including north-east. Additionally, Indian Institute of Quality Management (IIQM) at Jaipur, Center for Reliability (CER) at Chennai and four Regional Certification Centres have been rendering specialized services in the respective areas. Many national and international accreditations/ recognitions have made STQC services widely acceptable at international level also. STQC IT Centres at Kolkata, Bengaluru, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Pune and Gauhati have been rendering services for the last eight years successfully.

STQC is equipped with software tools for test automation. A number of projects sponsored by the Department in the field of Software quality Assurance, Information Security management, Indian Language Technology Products and Quality Certification have been executed. STQC has also developed Quality Assurance Framework (QAF) along with Conformity Assessment Requirements (CARE) for the National e- Governance Programme (NeGP). STQC is considered as a ‘‘Third Party QA’’ agency on behalf of Government users under the NeGP Project.

STQC has launched a ‘website quality certification scheme’ based upon national requirements and international best practices to assure that Government websites are universally accessible and secure.

As a follow-up of an MOU between STQC and UIDAI, STQC has built a Biometric Device Test Laboratory at ETDC, Mohali. STQC has been providing Quality Certification for enrolment of Bio-metric devices under the UIDAI project.

STQC has established National Infrastructure for Security Testing and Certification of IT products as per ISO/IEC 15408 (Common criteria Standard).

National Informatics Centre (NIC)

National Informatics Centre (NIC) was established in 1976, and has since emerged as a ‘‘prime builder’’ of e-Government/e-Governance applications up to the grassroot level as well as promoter of digital opportunities for sustainable development. NIC, through its ICT Network, ‘‘NICNET’’, has institutional linkages with all the Ministries/Departments of the Central Government, 35 State Governments/ Union Territories and about 625 District administrations of India. In order to facilitate improvement in government services, wider transparency, promoting decentralized planning and management, resulting in better efficiency and accountability to the people of India, NIC has been involved in setting up Internet/Internet/Intranet Infrastructure for IT empowerment of officers at all levels, preparing IT Plans for Sectorial Development and developing IT enabled Services including G2G, G2B, G2C and G2E portals.

A countrywide communication network NICNET has been set up as a backbone network infrastructure for Government informatics providing linkage up a States/ Union Territories and districts. NIC has set up state-of-the-art ICT infrastructure consisting of National and state Data Centres to manage the information systems and websites of Central Ministries/Departments, Disaster Recovery Centres, Network Operations facility to manage heterogeneous networks spread across Bhawans, States and Districts, Certifying Authority, Video-Conferencing and capacity building across the country. National Knowledge Network (NKN) has been set up to connect institutions/organizations carrying out research second. Open Technology Centre (OTC) has been set up as a nodal agency for Open Technology related activities in e-Governance applications managed by NIC/NeGP and promotes the use and adoption of Open Source tools/software.

NIC is providing a range of products for various government organizations in areas of Business Intelligence, Archiving and management of large government repositories, office management (e-Office), e-procurement, Cooperative Core Banking, Collabcad, electronic payment and accounting (e-Lekha), Hospital Management system, etc. A wide range of Services are provided through NIC including Web etc. NIC has successfully implemented many major National and State level e-Governance projects in various sectors such as National Portal of India, Land Records, Property Registration, NREGA, ePRI, Common Integrated Police Application, Treasuries, e-Courts, Foodgrains Management, AGMARKNET, Passport and Immigration, Employee Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) Project. Examination results, Management System, etc. Fertilizer Subsidy Information System has been developed and is in the process of national roll out. SWANs have been established by NIC in many states. Data Centre has been established for the Department of Posts linking 1318 post offices through 2 Mbps Leased Lines. Support for major MMP projects continued. ICT support has been provided at the district level during elections. VAHAAN and SAARTHI were rolled out across the country to automate the vehicle registration and issuance of driving license processes. VAT computerization was enhanced to facilitate many e-services including e-payments and implemented in 19 states/UTs.

E-Learning

It is the learning facilitated and supported by Information Communication technologies. The vision of e-learning is to bring high quality accessible e-learning to every one. The R&D projects have been initiated for the development of tools and technologies for promotion of e-learning in the country. Some of the successful projects have been:

Brihaspati phase-2: Development of open source content delivery tools with advanced features - IIT, Kanpur

Design and Development of e-learning contents for e-security solution developers - CDAC, Noida

Development of interactive learning material on introduction to animation and multimedia - DOEACC Centre, Kolkata

Development of component based functionality to e-learning tools - CDACHyderabad

Multi-model digital distance education for IT & other critical tech:Jadavpur University, Kolkata

Design and development of an online course contents on ‘‘Cyber Security’’ to be offered in e-learning mode CDAC, Hyderabad

Development of a quality assurance framework, quality metrics, and prototype tool for evaluation and comparison of e-learning applications and training, CDAC, Hyderabad.

Digital Library Initiatives

With the advent of digital technology and internet connectivity, the library scenario is changing fast. Data available in physical form is being preserved digitally in Digital Library. Under these initiatives, projects have been initiated for digitizing copyright free books, manuscripts, and thesis, etc. The digitized data around 110 million pages has been web enabled on Digital Library of India web site - http:// www.new.dli.ernet.in.

STATUTORY AND AUTONOMOUS BODIES

Controller of Certifying Authorities (CCA)

The Controller of Certifying Authorities (CCA) was appointed by the Central Government under Section 17 of the Information Technology Act enacted in June, 2000. The IT Act promotes the use of Electronic Signatures for e-Governance and e- Commerce through legal recognition to electronic records and treats Digital Signature at par with hand written signatures. The Act defines the legal and administrative framework for the establishment of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) in the country for creating trust in the electronic environment.

The office of CCA came into existence on 1st November, 2000. The CCA licenses Certifying Authorities (CA) to issue Digital Signature Certificates under the IT Act and also exercises supervision over the activities of these Certifying Authorities. The CCA certifies Public Keys of the CAs, lays down standards to be maintained by the CAs and performs other functions under Section 18 of the Act for regulating the functions of these Certifying Authorities. Eight CAs have been licensed by the CCA. The CAs have issued more than 22,00,000 Digital Signature Certificates so far. These are being used in applications such as Real Time Gross Settlement System and EFT of the RBI, email, electronic funds transfer, e-procurement, share trading; issue of import/export licenses by DGFT and filing of company returns with the Ministry of Company Affairs and also Income Tax returns.

Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (ICERT)

ICERT is the national nodal agency for responding to computer security incidents as and when they occur. ICERT creates awareness on security issues through dissemination of information on its website (http://www.cert-in.org.in) and operates 24x7 Incident Response Help Desk. It provides Incident Prevention and Response services as well as Security Quality Management Services.

In the recent Information technology (Amendment) Act 2008, ICERT has been designated to serve as the national agency to perform the following functions in the area of cyber security :

• Collection, analysis and dissemination of information on cyber incidents;

• Forecast and alerts of cyber security incidents;

• Emergency measures for handling cyber security incidents;

• Coordination of cyber incident response activities; and

• Issue guidelines, advisories, vulnerability notes and white papers relating to information security practices, procedures, prevention, response and reporting of cyber incidents.

The activities carried out by ICERT comprise of the following :

Activities Year 2011-11

Security Incidents handled 4727

Security Alerts issued 22

Advisories published 46

Vulnerability Notes published 142

Security Guidelines published 1

White papers published 1

Trainings organised 21

Indian Website Defacements tracked 10,953

Open Proxy Servers tracked 1,585

Bot Infected Systems tracked 1,635,212

ICERT has evolved as the most trusted referral agency in the area of information security in the country. ICERT is regularly interacting with CISOs of Critical Infrastructure Organizations and sectorial CERTs to ensure security of the critical systems, collaboration with IT product and security vendors to mitigate the vulnerabilities in various systems, cooperation with international CERTs and security organizations on information sharing and incident response, promote R&D activities in the areas of Artifact analysis and Cyber Forensics and security training and awareness. In order to have the optimum uptime and support 24x7 operations of ICERT, initiatives have been taken to set up a Disaster Recovery site at C-DAC, Bengaluru.

Security Assurance Framework

• ICERT has taken steps to implement National Security Assurance Framework to create awareness in government an critical sector organizations and to develop and implement information security policy and information security best practices based on ISO/IEC 27001 for protection of their infrastructure. For communicating with these organizations, ICERT maintains a comprehensive database of more than 800 Point-of Contacts (PoC) and Chief Information Security Officers (CISO). As a proactive measure, ICERT has also empanelled 51 information security auditing organizations to carry out information security audit, including the vulnerability assessment and penetration test of the networked infrastructure of government and critical sector organizations. The technical competency of the empanelled organizations is regularly reviewed by ICERT with the help of a test network.

Crisis Management Plan

• Crisis Management Plan (CMP) for countering cyber attacks and cyber terrorism has been prepared. The CMP has been approved by the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) for wider circulation and implementation ICERT/Department has been conducting workshops to appraise the Central Ministries and States/UTs about the CMP implementation and all necessary assistance is being provided to Central Ministries and States/UTs with regard to implementation of CMP. A revised version of CMP was released in March 2010.

Cyber Security Drills

• Indian Computer Emergency Response Team is carrying out mock drills with critical information infrastructure organizations to check the porosity of critical information infrastructure with respect to cyber security. These drills have helped tremendously in improving the cyber security posture of the information infrastructure and training of manpower to handle cyber incidents, besides increasing the cyber security awareness among the critical sector organizations.

Besides this, ICERT is also participating in cyber security drills at the international level. During the year 2010-11, two international drills involving Asia Pacific CERTs and one national drill involving critical sectors such as Banks/Fls, Civil Aviation, Telecommunication etc., have been conducted.

Security Cooperation and Collaborations

• ICERT plays the role of mother CERT and is regularly interacting with the cyber security officers of sectoral CERTs in Defense, Finance and other sectors to advise them in the matters related to cyber security. To facilitate its tasks, ICERT has collaboration arrangements with IT product vendors, security vendors and Industry in the country and abroad. Security Cooperation agreements and MoUs have been signed with Microsoft, Red Hat Cisco, EMC2, eBay, Trend Micro, Symantec, Quickheal Radware, McAfee and Afilias. This collaboration facilitates exchange of information on vulnerabilities in relevant products, developing suitable counter measures to protect these systems and providing training on latest products and technologies.

• ICERT has established collaborations with international security organizations and CERTs to facilitate exchange of information related to latest cyber security threats and international best practices. ICERT is a member of Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST).

• ICERT has become Full Member of Asia Pacific CERT (APCERT) since August, 2008. ICERT has become Research Partner of Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG) to counter and develop best practices for containing phishing attacks.

• ICERT is interacting with other international CERTs to exchange advance information regarding vulnerabilities and malicious code, responding to incidents involving attackers and victims of international jurisdiction. Functional relations are being established with international CERTs from USA, Japan, Korea, Australia, Brazil etc. ICERT has signed MoUs with National Cyber Security Centre, Republic of Korea, JPCERT/CC and National Computer Board, Mauritius for mutual cooperation in the area of cyber security.

• The Department, ICERT and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) have established the Information Security Advisory Forum to foster cooperation between Government industry, consumer and law enforcement agencies on information security issues.

• As part of its many activities, the Forum organizes Conferences, Training and Awareness Programs for the internet consumers (that include children, parents and teachers) who were often susceptible to cyber attacks, and aims to provide tools and resources to counter such threats.

Security Awareness

• Creating security awareness among Indian IT infrastructure organizations is one of the important role of ICERT. ICERT is conducting training workshops to train officials of Government, critical sector, public/industry sectors, financial and banking sector and ISPs on various contemporary and focused topics of Information Security. ICERT team members have provided training on Computer Forensics and Log Analysis to other Government organizations and Law Enforcement. ICERT members also participated in various national and international conferences and delivered lectures on topics related to information security. In order to increase the outreach, ICERT has engaged NASSCOM and Data Security Council of India to spread the cyber security awareness and facilitate interaction with various user groups. During the year 2010-11, ICERT has conducted 21 trainings and about 850 officers have been trained.

Cyber Forensic

• Cyber Forensic investigation facility at ICERT is equipped with the equipment and software tools to handle cyber forensic investigations of the cyber crimes and has been carrying out imaging and analysis of digital evidence in the cases of cyber crimes. Hands on practical trainings were provided to the law enforcement agencies on Investigation of Cyber Crimes, Computer Forensics - imaging and analysis of digital evidence, Mobile Forensics and Network Forensics at the training workshops organized by ICERT, State Police and other training institutions for law enforcement agencies. ICERT is working with defence, banks, public sector enterprises and judiciary & enforcement agencies in training their officials as well as extending the support in investigation of cyber crimes.

Early Warning System

• ICERT is implementing a project for Attack Detection and Threat Assessment at ISP and Organization level. This project will enable detection of cyber threats and attacks and issuance of early warning to take appropriate countermeasures to mitigate the attacks and contain the damage.

Cyber Appellate Tribunal (CAT)

As per the IT Act 2000, any person aggrieved by an order made by the Controller of Certifying Authorities and an Adjudicating Officer can prefer an appeal to the Cyber Appellate Tribunal (CAT). The office and Court of the CAT was inaugurated in July 2009 at its new location at LIC Building, Connaught Place, New Delhi.

==Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research (SAMEER)== SAMEER, an autonomous R&D laboratory under DIT has been working in the application oriented research and development in RF, Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology including Communications, Radar, Atmospheric Instrumentation, Opto-electronics, Navigational Electronics, Antennas and Electro-magnetics.

SAMEER has expertise in the areas such as RF, Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology, Industrial and Medical applications. SAMEER has been giving test, measurement and consultancy services to Indian industries and organizations in Electromagnetic Interference (EME) and Compatibility (EMC). SAMEER also provides thermal design, antenna testing and design services and facilitates in acquiring quality products for domestic and export markets. SAMEER also supports India’s space programme by providing C-Band and S-Band Telemetry and Telecommand transponders for use in Indian Satellites. SAMEER has developed a number of technologies of national interest and made them available as prototypes and products in limited quantities that serve as import substitution or parts of some important systems. It also co-operates and collaborates with national and international institutions, research laboratories and other learned and professional organizations.

Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)

The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) has emerged as a premier Research & Development (R&D) organization of the nation in ICT&E (Information Communication Technologies and Electronics). C-DAC’s HPC programs are focused towards building capabilities, systems, facilities and applications for nation’s high performance computing requirements. With the addition of 200 TB of storage, the PARAM ‘Yova’ system is now ready to support significant number of external users. The launch of village-level weather information accessible over the Web, for villages in a few of the States, is an important step to extend the reach of high performance computing to public at large. Significant progress has also been made in planning the road map for HPC-towards Peta and Exaflop Computing - areas where one is expecting to see sea-change in the approach to high performance itself. C-DAC also continued its efforts towards building the National Grid Computing infrastructure and creating awareness among the potential users of grid technologies. HPC Facilities were commissioned last year at Indian Institute of Science and Education Research (IISER), Pune for promoting supercomputing related domain specific research; NCMRWF, Nodia for high end research in climate modeling and India-Tanzania Centre of Excellence in ICT (ITCOEICT) at Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania for work in the field of Weather Prediction and ICT. Garuda Grid was migrated to National Knowledge Network (NKN) at 30 sites. Indian Grid Certification Authority (IGCA) was established which have issued more than 344 grid certificates, so far.

C-DAC's Language Technology products and solutions cover a wide range of applications including publishing and printing, word processing in Indian languages, office application suites with language interfaces, information retrieval, speech technologies, language learning, video and television and multimedia content in Indian languages for subtitling, newsroom automation, multi prompter systems and mobile devices. Languages Independent Programme subtitling solution "LIPS Live" was implemented for Star TV Network to display subtitles on their Star Movies and Star World channels. This is for the first time in India that subtitles are displayed on-the-fly using completely automated play-out system. Gist-Trans-phonetic transliteration engine (G-TRANS) was developed for Web portals, e-mail, blogs in Indian Language. A web based Bilingual and Bidirectional Hindi-English Dictionary e-Mahashabdkosh with pronunciations was developed and deployed in the domains of Information Technology, Banking & Finance, Healthcare, Industry and Agriculture.

The consortia projects in the Multilingual Computing space has helped consolidate scattered research and development efforts to build usable solutions in areas such as Character Recognition, Machine Translation, etc. C-DAC has been an active partner/leader in most of these consortia and also in evaluation of systems produced in the language technology area. Efforts are now on for speech to speech translation across languages as a way to address digital divide and provide more effective mechanism for information exchange in the Indian context.

Under National Mission on Power Electronics Technology (NaMPET), the National Power Electronics Infrastructure comprising the Nodal centre at C-DAC and other eleven academic institutes (IIT Bombay, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, Anna University Chennai, IISc Bangalore, BESU Kolkata, IIT Delhi, NIT Trichy, NIT Rourkela, RIT Kottayam, and BIT Ranchi) was set up. The industry interactions of the academia and R&D institutions got strengthened due to the NaMPET Mission. Products such as Hall Effect Current Sensor and IGBT Gate driver were developed by Industry partners of the project, with the support from NaMPET.

Development of WSN based proof-of-concept applications and tools like intrusion detection system, smart parking solution (SPARK), ubiquitous agriculture (U-Agri) and an Adaptive development Framework (AFWA) were completed. U-Agri solution is deployed and tested at CRIDA, Hayatnagar Farmlands, Hyderabad for pest management. C-DAC received "Special Recognition Award" for Smart Parking solution (SPARK), at "Citizens for City" contest organized by the Foundation for Futuristic Cities at Hyderabad. The same team also bagged the Jury Choice award in eIndia 2010.

In the area of Software Technologies, BOSS system is deployed in Chattisgarh Online Information System for Citizen Empowerment (CHOICE). Variant of BOSS system was developed for education (EduBOSS 2.0) and was launched Elitex 2011. This system is now deployed in several schools of Punjab and Haryana and in schools under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan (Around 1.25 lakh copies)

SreeSakthi Portal and MIS, developed for Kudumbashree Mission, Kerala Govt. This specialty portal is the first one in the nation developed and dedicated for Gender Empowerment and Learning. Punarjjani is a web based software tool capable of assessment, evaluation, and programming of a person with mental retardation, based on inputs from an interdisciplinary team of special educators.

Cyber Security is one of the priority areas aimed to deliver multilevel/ multilayered security solutions against various types of threats.

Disaster Recovery Appliance REVIVAL was successfully implemented at NSDG data centres at Delhi and Hyderabad. Face Recognition Engine version 4.0 has been developed using texture attributes around biometric landmark points and shape parameters. The Forensic Tool, OSVAC, (a GUI based memory analysis tool that can extract digital artifacts from a memory dump) has been developed.

Stegocheck ver 4.0.3 and Stat Analyst ver 1.0 which are steganographic detection and decoding tools and three endpoint security products - Malware Resist, NAYAN (Network Abhigham ni YantraAN) and USB Pratirodh were developed. Distributed Honeynet systems were deployed at CERT-in and Cyber Security Research Lab of Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh, Tejpur University and Manipur University. Through PKI Outreach Programme, C-DAC conducted 30 workshops across the nation for creating PKI awareness.

C-DAC has a range of products and solutions for better care services. These include Hospital Information System (HIS), Systems and Solutions for Telemedicine, Decision Support Systems (DSS) for Oncology and Ayurveda, and Software Libraries for Medical Systems and Standards. E-Sanjeevani telemedicine technology was showcased to the US President Shri Barack Obama during his visit to India from Kanpura Gram Panchayat, Ajmer, Rajasthan. A telemedicine facility was launched at CHC Phagi, Jaipur and Rajasthan.

As part of Rural Telemedicine network project, the existing telemedicine centers were revitalized and the telemedicine facility was extended to more hospitals in Kerala. All the 35 telemedicine centres, owned by Govt. of Kerala and established under various projects like ISRO-GOK Telemedicine System, Telemedicine Kerala, ONCONET Kerala and Rural Telemedicine, were made functional. New Telemedicine centres were set up at Taluk Hospital Cherthala, Alappuzha (Dist) and W&C Hospital, Trivandrum. Video conferencing facility was implemented at 23 selected centres.

A number of C-DAC's education and training programs are based on finishing school model. Various courses offered under these programs are designed to produce industry-ready professionals for the IT industry.

C-DAC has been playing an active role in international collaboration in the area of ICT, jointly with the Ministry of External Affairs. During 2010-11, the Indo- Syria centre for IT at Damascus was launched formally, the India-Belarus Digital Learning centre in ICT at Belarus become operational and India-Seychelles centre of excellence in ICT at Mahe, and India-Tanzania centre of excellence in ICT was inaugurated.

Under development of North-East initiatives, a number of vital projects have been initiated by C-DAC in partnership with various stakeholders. These projects cover a bouquet of advanced technologies ranging from High Performance Computing (HPC), multilingual technologies, health informatics, geomatics, agrielectronics, etc.

DOEACC Society

DOEACC Society, an Autonomous Scientific Society of Department of Information Technology, was set up to carry out Human Resource Development and related activities in the area of Information, Electronics & Communication Technology (IECT). The Society has 15 Centre at Aizawl, Agartala (RIELIT), Aurangabad, Calicut (with Southern Regional Office at Pudukkottai), Chandigarh (with branch offices at Shimla, Lucknow & New Delhi), Chennai, Gorakhpur (with Eastern Regional Office at Patna), Imphal, Srinagar/Jammu, RIELIT Kohima (with extension Centre at Chuchuyimlang), Kolkata. Tezpur/Guwahati, Gangtok, Itanagar and Shillong with its Headquarters at New Delhi. A new RIELIT is being set up a Ajmer (Rajasthan).

DOEACC Centres are conducting M. Tech in Electronics Design and Technology (EDT) and Embedded Systems, MCA, BCA & Diploma level courses which are affiliated to State Universities/ Technical Boards. Under the Non-formal sector, DOEACC is offering various long term courses viz., DOEACC O/A/B/C level IT courses, CHM O & A level courses in Computer Hardware & Maintenance and BIO/ A/B level courses in Bio-informatics, Certification in Information Security - level 1 & 2, ITeS-BPO Banking / Customer Support Service, Entrepreneurship Development etc.

The DOEACC Centre are also imparting training in Short Term courses in the areas of Information Technology, Electronics Design & Technology, Manufacturing Technology, Maintenance Engineering etc. DOEACC O, A & B level IT course are recognized by MHRD as equivalent to Foundation Level, Advanced Diploma and MCA respectively for the purpose of employment in Central Govt services. About 60,000 students are getting registered fro DOEACC O/A/B/C level courses every year.

The Society in the year 1999 has launched a programme on computer literacy viz., Course on Computer Concepts (CCC). The programme equips a person to use the computer in day-to-day life for professional as well as personal use. It is an 80 hrs. programme, which has got recognition from various State Governments and Central Government Departments as basic course of IT/Computer Literacy. The CCC examination is currently being conducted online thrice in a year nationwide. Since inception of the CCC course, 5.16 lakhs candidates have appeared for examination and 3.74 lakhs candidates have been certified. To speed up the spread of IT Literacy among the masses, DOEACC has developed e-content for CCC course in all the constitutionally recognized Indian languages except in Santhali and has been made available on a dedicated e-learning portal "http://elearn. doeacc.edu.in" for free access to the candidates.

M/o Labour & Employment, Directorate General of Employment & Training. Government of India has decided to make BCC course of DOEACC as one of the IT Literacy course compulsory for all the training schemes of DGE&T w.e.f. sessions starting from August, 2011. Govt. of Sikkim has accepted DOEACC 'BCC' as the basic computer literacy certificate required for Govt. jobs. Govt. of Bihar has also made DOEACC certification mandatory for all its Govt. employees.

DOEACC Society is the Nodal Implementing Agency on behalf of D/o Information Technology for the Data Digitization of 62.5 crore population and Biometric Enrolment of 56.2 crore population for the creation of National Population Register (NPR) project of Registrar General of India (RGI) in both urban and rural areas of the 17 assigned states and 2 UTs.

DOEACC Society is implementing various projects to reach the disadvantaged section of the population namely; project for Training and Certification of one lakh Common Service Centre (CSC) Operators/Village Level Entrepreneurs (VLE) in Course on Computer Concepts (CCC) of DOEACC and under the Scheme for Empowering Women in Rural India through Digitial Literacy, DOEACC has taken up a project for training 25,000 women candidates in CCC by select VLEs of the state of Assam, UP, J&K, Maharashtra, MP, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Bihar & West Bengal with funding support from DIT. DOEACC has also taken up a project for training of 25,000 Panchayati Raj Institution functionaries in Basic Computer Course (BCC) with funding from M/o Panchayti Raj. For training the rural youth, three projects have been undertaken whereby training will be provided to a total of 89400 rural candidates belonging to SC/ST/Minority/Women in various IT skill/ Electronic Repair and ITES-BPO courses in the States of UP, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, J&K, Kerala and UT of Pondicherry.

Software Technology Parks of India (STPI)

Software Technology Parks (STP) of India was established and registered as an Autonomous Society under the Department on 5th June 1991 with an objective to implement STP/EHTP Scheme, set up and manage infrastructure facilities and provide other services like technology assessment and professional training.

The objectives of the Software Technology Parks of India are:

• To promote the development and export of software and software services including Information Technology (IT) enabled services/Bio-IT.

• To provide statutory and other promotional services to the exporters by implementing Software Technology Parks (SSTP)/Electronics and Hardware Technology Parks (EHTP) Schemes and other such schemes that may be formulated and entrusted by the Government from time to time.

• To provide data communication services including value added services to IT/IT enabled Services (ITeS) related industries.

• To promote micro, small and medium entrepreneurs by creating conductive environment for entrepreneurship in the field of IT-ITeS.

Promotion of Development of Software and Software Services

• The exports made by STP registered units have grown manifold over the years. Upto the year 2009-10, more than 10,000 units were registered under STP scheme. As on 31st March 2010, 7007 units were operative out of which 5814 units were exporting. During the year from April to December, 2010, 170 new units were registered under the scheme.

• A total of 52 STPI centres / Sub-centres are operational across the country, out of which 45 centres are in Tier II and Tier III cities.

Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET)

C-MET has three centers at Pune, Hyderabad and Thrissur. They are developing knowledge base in Electronics Materials and their processing technology for Indian industries. These centers are also source of critical Electronics Materials knowhow and technical services for the industry and particularly for the strategic sectors like Defence, Space and Atomic Energy. The various centres of C-MET are focusing mainly on five core areas, namely, ultra high purity materials, integrated electronics packaging, piezo sensors and actuators and nano-materials and device. C-MET in recent times has taken a major initiative in the area of nano-sciences, Materials for Renewable Energy and nano-technology in general and large scale generation of nano-materials, in particular.

DIT has set up a testing and certification facility at C-MET, Hyderabad for Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) compliance for EU export. This is expected to help the Indian electronics industry to get their products and systems certified for RoHS compliance which is mandatory for exporting to the EU. RoHS compliance is also mandatory for domestic manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipments, after enacting of new "electronic wastes (Management and Handling) Rules". 2010 w.e.f. 12th May 2011. This facility is NABL accredited.

Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design Registry

Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout is an Act to provide the protection of semiconductor integrated circuits layout-designs and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Under this Act, the intellectual property of an integrated circuit, which is layout-design/topography of the integrated circuit, is protected for 10 years, by registering the layout-design in the Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design Registry which has been established in Department of Information Technology, Delhi, under this Act.

See also

Information Technology, India: I

Information Technology, India: II (Government data)

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