This article is an extract from
THE TRIBES and CASTES of BENGAL.
Printed at the Bengal Secretariat Press.
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a group of low Ma¬homedans, believed to have been originally a subdivision of the Bediyas, whom the orthodox do not recognise as members of the brotherhood of Islam. For this reason the Abdal marry among themselves, and the community is virtually a oaste. The character¬istic occupation of the men is to castrate bullocks, and their females act as midwives.
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Synonyms: Dafalange (Muslim), Hashmi, Saudagar [Bihar and/or Jharkhand]
Titles: Ali [Bihar and/or Jharkhand]
Ansari, Lodi, Madariya, Mirasi, Mujawir, Quraishi, Sadiqi, Sunni [W. Crooke]
Surnames: Hashmi, Saudagar [Bihar and/or Jharkhand]
Abdal, Ahmed, Ilimirza, Mandal, Sheikh [West Bengal]