Advertising industry: India
Advertising campaigns of note
Hawkins Pressure Cooker
Red and White
Cherry Blossom Shoe Polish
Palmolive Shaving Cream
Most of us have spent best times of our life in the 90s. TV shows of 90s were beyond doubt an essential part of our lives. Sundays then meant waiting for our favorite shows the whole week and sitting in front of the television with all enthusiasm. These shows left a deep impression in our hearts leaving a lot of memories. Doordarshan was the ultimate source of entertainment during that time and color televisions had just begun to make their way in our households. More than we enjoyed watching 'Mowgli', 'Mahabharath' and the other television shows as a ritual, we thoroughly enjoyed the advertisements that came as fillers.
A trip down the memory lane of TV commercials:
Action School Time Shoes:
Class work, homework, punishment, lecture...This commercial took us to our school days. No one can forget the cute curly haired boy.
Remember the jingle "Jab main chhota baccha tha, bahut shararat karta tha..meri chori pakdi jaati...kyunki roshan karta bajaj Ab main bilkul Buddha hoon, goli khaake jeeta hun, phir bhi chori pakdi jaati..kyunki roshan karta bajaj". Who doesn't remember the old man recalling his childhood days through Bajaj bulbs! This advertisement takes us to a nostalgic trip. The jingle was catchy and evocative.
Cadbury's jingle and the girl's victory dance make us go through the good old days. The jingle 'Kuch baat hai hum sabhi mein' was a huge success making the commercial an iconic one. The girl runs in the cricket field and dances her heart out. The song and the music made this one a hit.
Almost every kid of 90s wanted a classic toothbrush after watching this advertisement. You may not remember anything else but 'Lal kala pila..gulabi hara neela' by heart. The father daughter dancing and the colorful brushes was a favorite amongst the little ones.
Colgate Gel Ad:
We remember this ad by the cameo done by Aishwarya Rai. Seeing Aishwarya come down from a 60 mm screen to the small screen was a big big deal then. The jingle 'Saanson mein zinda dil taazgi' was sung by the now very popular KK.
I remember saying 'I'm a Complan Girl' if someone asked me about my growing height. Who knew the Complan boy and girl in the commercial would turn out to be Bollywood superstars. Shahid Kapoor and Ayesha Takia were the children in the commercial making it a favorite amongst the growing kids. 'I'm a Complan Boy. I'm a Complan Girl' became an anthem for the children.
Dhara - Jalebi:
This has to be the most adorable advertisement on television. Parzan Dastur is still remembered as the Dhara Jalebi kid. The music in the commercial 'Dhara Dhara Shudh Dhara' made it a huge success. The cute little boy leaves his house because nobody loves him and goes back home after knowing that his mother has made jalebis for him. Dhara was one of the most loved cooking oil brands in India. This ad still brings out the 'awwwwhs' by being simple, sweet and yet effective.
Godrej Prima Typewriters
Almost all of our fathers had a bajaj scooter back in the 90s. This commercial became so popular that Bajaj became the biggest automobile company in India. 'Buland Bharat ki buland tasveer: Humara Bajaj' made the whole nation patriotic. The commercial's music was splendid and beautiful and most of us are still not over it. Humara Bajaj made a storm in the 90s.
Jaipan Mixer Grinder
It was a huge deal to see Bollywood stars in a TV commercial. This ad launched Aishwarya Rai as Sanjana and it created a storm. It was a starry ad with Amir Khan, Mahima Choudhry and Aishwarya Rai in it. Aish's three second cameo in this commercial made it an overnight success. The commercial was a path breaker for Pepsi.'Yahi Hai Right Choice Baby' was on everyone's lips. The tagline became popular making people buy Pepsi as it was the 'right choice'.
Who isn't familiar with the tagline 'tandurusti ki raksha karta hai Lifebuoy? If you were into sports, you had to bathe with lifebuoy. This classic commercial changed the brand's face making it the most famous bathing soap. The brand got synonymic with health as Lifebuoy hai jahan, tandurusti hai wahan ! The commercial still makes us hum the jingle whenever on air.
If you are a 90s kid, you surely remember the famous bunny singing 'ho ho ho lijjat paapad'. The 'karram kurrram' paapad ad featured Ramdas Padhye's Rabbit puppet. The laughter of the bunny turned out to be the USP of the commercial. The commercial had a rustic middle class touch to it and made the yummy crispy paapads world famous.
Who can forget the super cute and bubbly Preity Zinta as the Liri girl in this commercial? Dancing under the waterfall with the lime and lemony soap, this ad was one of the iconic TV commercials. The jingle 'La la la la....' still brings a smile on our face on listening to it. Riding the soap bubble, Preity stole this show and brought freshness to the advertisement. It was also one of the earliest colored ads on Indian television.
Doodh, doodh, doodh ; doodh hai wonderful, Pee sakte hai roz glass full; doodh, doodh, doodh..... I remember humming this jingle the whole day. This advertisement was the most fun one of that time. Everybody remembered the whole song by heart. The advertisement did what together was every mom's mission - make us drink milk. The commercial pointed at the advantages of drinking milk by not sounding boring like a teacher. This commercial brought a different tangent to our lives making children love milk. The music, the video and the characters in the ad made it lively and energetic.
We cannot forget the jingle 'Jab Ghar Ki Raunak badhani ho, deewaron ko jab sajana ho, Nerolac'. They paint walls while singing this catchy jingles and making music from paint brushes and paint boxes. This advertisement is unforgettable.
The memorable tune 'Tum husn pari tum jaane jahan' featured a stunning Sonali Bendre brought the young model and brand Nirma to stellary heights. Sonali was seen enjoying around in exotic locations. You surely remembered the jingle by heart as a kid
Nirma: Washing Powder
Ever since the first ad, Nirma, Hema, Rekha, Jaya and Pushpa have surely changed but the jingle has been a constant. 'Hema, Rekha, Jaya aur Pushpa..sabki pasand Nirma' is known by almost everyone of us. The music and the lyrics go so synced that Nirma's commercial became an anthem making washing clothes look like an easy chore out of a fairy tale!
The Onida devil sold millions of TV sets! A bald guy with devil horns on his head introduced a lot of features of Onida TV making it the coolest ad of that time. The Onida devil was a favourite in every household.
How many of you remember the Baaration ka swaagat Pan Parag se hona chahiye? This classic commercial had the legendary actors Shammi Kapoor and Ashok Kumar together and this was the only time these two actors have worked together. This advertisement still has a high recall value due to the star cast and ofcourse due to the social message of no dowry through it. It is still known as one of the best pieces of advertisements.
Preity Zinta was at her cutest in this commercial. Her career started from this advertisement. The cute bubbly college girl Preity Zinta sitting in a hunger strike ate Perk flashing her dimples. The jingle 'Apna le khushi har pal ki' was a soothing one making Preity Zinta a diva of bollywood overnight.
Rasna's TV commercial featured the cute little girl Ankita Zaveri with the tagline 'I love you Rasna'. This is one of the famous 90s commercial showing how simple life was when we were kids. The ad depicts how the little girl gets happiness on her birthday after being served a chilled glass of Orange Rasna.
Sundrop Cooking Oil:
We all remember the little boy in his yellow jumpsuit running around giant puris, gulab jamuns and dosa, summer salting his way through food while his mother chased him. The commercial grew on us due to its cuteness quotient and made our taste bud tingle. The tagline 'Healthy Oil for healthy people' made the cooking oil commercial a huge success.
Titan melted everyone's heart by showing the bond between a father and a daughter on her wedding. A fragment from Mozart's Symphony 25 has gone on to define India's most iconic watch brand. The TV commercial was exceptionally phenomenal and touched the emotional chord of its viewers.
Whirlpool Quick Chill Refrigerator
Zandu Balm, Zandu Balm, Peeda haari balm, sardi sar dard peeda ko pal mein door kare Zandu balm...We still hum this song while applying Zandu Balm. This old nostalgic ad was again known for its catchy song and the mother-daughter relationship! And in case you are not from the 90s, check out the commercial to know about Malaika Khan's 'Munni Badnam' inspiration.
Television advertising and celebrities
2013: Filmistan actresses outstrip actors
MUMBAI: Bollywood's leading ladies have pipped their male counterparts on the visibility score on the telly as more brands lapped them up for advertising campaigns in 2012. Female actors saw their presence increase from 40% to 46% in the overall celebrity endorsement market on TV even as male actors stagnated over the last two years with a 38% share, reveals latest data collated by TAM, a television audience measurement agency, and exclusively shared with TOI.
Not surprisingly, sports celebrities saw their visibility decline by 8% from 2011, largely due to the lacklustre performance of the Indian cricket team. Cricketers form the biggest chunk of sports endorsements in India.
Among companies, FMCG biggies Hindustan Unilever (HUL) and Procter & Gamble (P&G) emerged as the two biggest advertisers using celebrities followed by Brooke Bond Lipton and L'Oreal India. Notably, top ten advertisers using celebrities comprised only FMCG brands.
TAM AdEx takes into account advertising volumes for its analysis and tracks the visibility of the celebrities on television. The data is not representative of ad spends or how much the celebrities earn per endorsement.
Shahrukh Khan remained the most visible face on television with an 8% share followed by Kareena Kapoor. Other women actors among top 10 celebrities according to ad volumes were Katrina Kaif, Priyanka Chopra, Kajol and Anushka Sharma.
"FMCG brands have to differentiate themselves in highly penetrated categories like soaps and shampoos. The more undifferentiated your product is, marketers need to bring in a clutter breaking tool and celebrities are a big part of the plan in that case," said Basabdutta Chowdhury, CEO of Platinum Media, a division of media buying group Madison that buys media for FMCG majors like P&G, Marico and Godrej. FMCG brands contribute almost 55% to the overall advertising spends in the country.
Celebrity management firms said with a new brigade of female actors in the endorsement market, more brands are willing to get on board these young faces to tap into the youth factor. Neeraj Garg, VP, juice business, Coca-Cola India, said after signing on Parineeti Chopra for Maaza, "She is a young achiever who epitomizes the young India as someone who is go-getter, energetic, wanting to make a difference and sure of themselves."
Others like Deepika Padukone, Anushka Sharma and Nargis Fakhri have also made an impact on the endorsement scene, mostly in the consumer goods space. However, new faces among the male actors such as Ayushman Khurana and Ranveer Singh have not found the same success.
"For younger female actors there are many categories in the beauty and consumer goods space which are suitable for them to endorse unlike how it is for the male actors," said Anirban Das Blah, chief executive & MD, CAA Kwan, a celebrity management agency.
Celebrity endorsements and the law
2016: Ministerial panel recommends penalty of up to Rs 10 lakh
No Jail Term, Fine Could Go Up To Rs 10L
A panel of ministers has approved imposing a fine of up to Rs 10 lakh and a one year ban on celebrities who endorse products making unrealistic claims for the first offence, but has dropped the controversial proposal for a jail term.
The jail term for celebrities to endorse a product making misleading claims had been recommended by a parliamentary standing committee. The ministerial panel has recommended a penalty of up to Rs 10 lakh fine for the manufacturer and two years jail for first offence, said sources. But even publishers and broadcasters would have to pay up to Rs 10 lakh for every such offence -a recommendation that may prove to be contentious and could, if accepted, be challenged by the publishing industry. For celebrities, the penalty recommended is also up to Rs 50 lakh besides a ban on endorsements for the second and subsequent offences.
For firms which put out misleading advertisements, the panel has suggested a fine of up to Rs 50 lakh and a jail term of five years. There are, however, certain conditions that offer publishers or broadcasters relief if they carry advertisement “in ordinary course of their business“. But they would face action for publishing or broadcasting an ad, if the central authority has notified it as misleading and has ordered its withdrawal.
The “due diligence“ clause for celebrities to avoid penalty would be defined later. These recommendations are likely to be included in the Consumer Protection Bill as well.
ASCI’s 2017 guidelines
Advertising Standards Council of India (ASCI), the ad industry's self-regulatory body, has released a set of guidelines for celebrity endorsements that bring personalities, including doctors, authors, activists and educationists, into the celebrity category . This comes at a time when the Consumer Affairs Ministry is intending to review the Consumer Protection Act and may have a provision to deal with misleading ads.
Apart from actors and sportspersons, well-known personalities are expected to have knowledge of ASCI codes and it is the duty of the advertiser and the agency to make sure that the celebrity is made aware of them, said ASCI. “Celebrities have a strong influence on consumers and are guided by the choices they make or endorse,“ said Srinivasan K Swamy , chairman, ASCI. ASCI said celebrities should do due diligence to ensure that all description, claims and comparisons made are capable of being objectively ascertained and not mislead or appear deceptive.
Religious images in advertisments
The Times of India, Jul 24, 2015
Amit Anand Choudhary
No wrong in using God picture for commercial purposes:SC
A bench headed by Chief Justice HL Dattu refused to entertain a PIL seeking its direction to ban use of picture on commercial products and advertisements. RELATED Olivia Wilde posts picture with sonCracks seen in Hussainabad Picture Gallery7 ways to get picture perfect smileGovt advertisements go without CM’s pictureSeth Rogen shares new picture from 'Preacher' set NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Friday said that there is nothing wrong in people using picture of God for commercial purpose in their products.
A bench headed by Chief Justice HL Dattu refused to entertain a PIL seeking its direction to ban use of picture on commercial products and advertisements.
"If i have my god on my car, house or home then what is wrong with it. Why should we restrain people from using picture of god" the court said.
2016: Mumbai’s lead over Delhi-NCR narrows
Delhi-NCR could soon dislodge Mumbai from the top slot it has enjoyed for decades in the advertising business. It's a shift that tells the story of the rapid rise of a region and relative stagnation of an undisputed leader.
Even a decade ago, Mumbai generated Rs 3,634 crore in advertising revenues across print, television and radio, which together account for about three-fourths of total advertising expenditure in the country -outdoor, digital and cinema make up the rest. The same year, the ad spend in Delhi-NCR was Rs 2,780 crore, or only about 75% of Mumbai.
In the past few years, the Delhi-NCR market has surged, and though it is still behind Mumbai, the gap has shrunk to its narrowest ever (see graph). If this trend continues, Delhi-NCR might dislodge Mumbai from its perch this year itself. If Mumbai recovers from the decline of 2016, the displacement will take longer.In fact, last year for the first time, ad revenue for TV news from Delhi-NCR surpassed Mumbai.
What this essentially reflects is how Delhi, the political capital, is slowly becoming the business capital as well. As more companies choose Delhi-NCR as their base, they book ads out of the area. Satbir Singh, who was once chief creative officer at FCB Ulka in Mumbai and went on to launch Thinkstr, a Gurgaon agency whose focus is on the digital ad space, points out that agencies follow the clients. “Gurgaon can boast of some of India's biggest spenders today like Airtel, Coke, Pepsi, Nestle, Reckitt Benckiser, Maruti, Samsung, amongst many others.Barring a couple of large ones, most agencies in NCR have moved to the Millennium City ,“ he points out.
Ashish Chakravarty , chief creative officer at Contract Advertising, calls it a huge shift.“When we started out, Mumbai was always the big brother you looked up to. And for us in Delhi, Mumbai was the larger office, the bigger place, what we called the Mumbai office syndrome. Now, for instance, in my agency , Delhi has become our largest office, and I think that's true for many agencies.“
This is not surprising. According to a global city-wise ranking of GDP done by Oxford Economics, Delhi overtook Mumbai in 2015, with a GDP of $370 billion compared with Mumbai's $368 billion.By 2030, according to the same study , the gap between the cities will widen -Delhi will have a GDP of $1,040 billion, and Mumbai $930 billion.
But while Delhi-NCR may
dislodge Mumbai in terms of ad spend, the latter remains the preferred location for shooting TV commercials and digital films. Indeed, in Bollywood, the western metropolis boasts an irresistible draw. “Ad films will always be shot in Mumbai simply because of the amount of acting talent in the city,“ says Naveen Gaur, president, Lowe Lintas.
However, Sundar Iyer, a creative consultant who spent around 15 years in Mumbai with the likes of JWT, BBH and Everest and moved to Gurgaon in 2011, is a strong believer in Gurgaon's potential for new and fresh thinking.“When I came to Delhi-NCR, I saw talent that was very raw.There were no preconceived notions, and there was an element of honesty and truth to the whole scene, which was very refreshing to see,“ says Iyer.
A good number of agencies now have Gurgaon operations that are larger than their Mumbai operations (but with their HQ still out west).However, the nature of clients differs.