This article has been extracted from
THE IMPERIAL GAZETTEER OF INDIA , 1908.
OXFORD, AT THE CLARENDON PRESS.
Note: National, provincial and district boundaries have changed considerably since 1908. Typically, old states, ‘divisions’ and districts have been broken into smaller units, units, and many tahsils upgraded to districts.Many units have since been renamed. Therefore, this article is being posted mainly for its historical value.
Chief town of the zamindari of the same name in the Udaiyarpalaiyam taluk of Trichinopoly District, Madras, situated in 11° 8' N. and 79 5' E. Population (1901), 7,370. It is the head- quarters of the Ariyalur subdivision, which is in charge of a Deputy- Collector and Magistrate, and comprises the taluks of Perambalur and Udaiyarpalaiyam. It also contains a District Munsif's court and a hospital, and a European firm has a screw cotton press here.
Satins of various patterns are made in the town by the foreign weaver-caste of the Patnulkarans, which are most handsome and effective and have a wide reputation. The chiefs of Ariyalur experienced numerous vicissitudes during the Wars of the Carnatic and the government of the Nawab. When Trichinopoly District passed into the hands of the East India Company in 1801, the pol/gdr, or chief, was in receipt of a monthly allowance of Rs. 700, the estate being under the manage- ment of an agent of the Nawab. The zamlnddri continued under the management of the Company for some years, the proprietor being allowed one-tenth of its net income ; but in 181 7 he obtained a sanad (title-deed) for the village in which he resided and a number of others adjoining it, the annual value of which was equal to one-tenth of the gross revenue of the estate, and he was required to pay a peshkash of about Rs. 1,090. The zaminddrs are Vanniyas by caste, and origin- ally held the estate as arasukdvalgdrs or ' heads of police.' The property has since been dismembered into seventeen portions, as a result of civil court sales held to discharge the debts incurred by its owners. Ariyalur has a particularly fine market, which is regarded as one of the best in Southern India. A large temple of comparatively recent date, about 4 miles from the town, is a sort of local Lourdes, devout Hindus taking their sick to it in the hope that their cure will be effected at the hands of the founder of the temple.