Government revenues and expenditures: India

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Per capita expenditure on pay and allowances in financial year, 2012-13; Ministries with highest per capita expenditure; Graphic courtesy: The Times of India
This is a collection of articles archived for the excellence of their content.


Indian taxes: where they come from and how they are spent

See: Tables 1 and 2

Table 1--2014: where Indian taxes come from and how they are spent. Source: The Times of India
Table 2--2015: taxes and expenditures, Graphic courtesy: The Times of India

2013-15: travel expenditure of Union ministers

2013-15: expenditure on the Union Council of Ministers on salaries allowances and travel, Graphic courtesy: The Times of India

The Times of India

Mar 22 2015

Modi govt's 1-yr travel bill: Rs 317cr

Pradeep Thakur

The Narendra Modi government in its inaugural year has incurred a travel bill of Rs 317 crore, according to the revised budgetary estimates. This is about Rs 59 crore more than the Rs 258 crore the UPA-II cabinet had spent in its last year in office (2013-14), but in keeping with UPA's average spend on the head through its five year-term.

This travel bill includes expenditure on travel by cabinet ministers, ministers of state and ex-PMs and maintenance of aircraft used by VVIPs: the ones used by Prime Minister, President and Vice President. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has travelled extensively in his first year in office, logging more flying miles than his ministers.

The government does not see the travel spend coming down anytime soon as the 2015-16 budget has made a provision of Rs 269 crore.

At Rs 14 crore, the salary and allowances bills of the 65member Modi's council of ministers have been almost the same as that of the 75member UPA Cabinet. The expenditure of the PMO, though, has gone up to Rs 40 crore in 2014-15, compared to Rs 31 crore of UPA's last year in office.

During five years (200914), UPA-II had spent almost Rs 1,500 crore on travel of its council of ministers and VVIPS. Since the financial meltdown of 2008-09, the central government has announced 10% mandatory cut on non-plan expenditure almost every year. But this has primarily been restricted to curbs on first class travel by bureaucrats and a cut on foreign delegations of union council of ministers and for organizing conferences in 5star hotels.

Interestingly, the curb on first class travel by senior bureaucrats has been lifted every year in the second half of the fiscal.

If the travel expenditure of officers are included, the travel bill of the government is almost double of what the council of ministers incurred. For instance, the UPA ministers and babus in 2011-12 picked up a travel bill running into more than Rs 1,000 crore. The travel expenditure of the council of ministers that year was Rs 679 crore, part of it accounting for dues cleared to Air India for previous years.

As indicated by the budget documents, the travel bills of the council of ministers have consistently been going up every year, sometimes more than the rate of inflation. The regime change last year has not changed the pattern.

Government’s expenditure on building terminals for airports

The Times of India, Aug 20 2015

India's ghost terminals were built largely by the previous government, which planned 200 `no frills' airports, encouraged by rising air travel and the need to connect far-flung regions.

But the empty check-in desks and cavernous baggage halls highlight the risks for Modi, too, of catering to powerful regional bosses and spending without a unifying strategy . China's investment splurge has left dozens of ghost projects. The civil aviation ministry declined to comment on whether the Modi government would stick with the 200 airport growth plan.


Ministry-wise expenditure of central government on salaries, 2015-16; Graphic courtesy: The Times of India
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