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A REFERENCE ANNUAL
RESEARCH, REFERENCE AND TRAINING DIVISION
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND BROADCASTING
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Area : 1,96,024 sq km
Population : 60,383,628 (prov.
Capital : Gandhinagar
Principal Language : Gujarati
HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY
The history of Gujarat goes back to 2000 BC. It is believed that Lord Krishna left Mathura to settle on the west coast of Saurashtra which later came to be known as Dwarka, the gateway. Later it saw various kingdoms : Mauryas, Guptas, Pratiharas and others. It was during the rule of Chalukyas ( Solankis) that Gujarat witnessed progress and prosperity.
In spite of the plunderings of Mahmud Ghazani, the Chalukyan kings were able to maintain general prosperity and well-being of the State.
After this glorious respite, Gujarat faced troubled times under the Muslims, Marathas and the British rule. Before Independence, the present territories of Gujarat used to be in two parts - the British and the Princely territories. With the reorganisation of the States, the Union of the States of Saurshtra and the Union Territory of Kachchh along with the former British Gujarat, became a part of the biggest bilingual State of Bombay.
The present State of Gujarat came into being on 1 May 1960. It is situated on the west coast of India. The state is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north and north-east respectively, Madhya Pradesh in the south-east and Maharashtra in the south.
State Government has adopted a pro-farmer approach to achieve long term growth. The government is giving high priority to water conservation and water management activities in order to provide rain water to the arid areas of the state. 'Krishi Mahotsav' is being organized every year to make aware the farmers with modern technologies and methods of scientific farming. IN the year 2010, the state has witnessed 63.50 lakh MT production of food crops, 30.5 lakh MT production of oilseeds and 104.55 lakh bale production of cotton.
Soil health care has been given to about 20.42 lakh farmers while the Kisan Credit Card has been given to more than 24 lakh farmers so far. Gujarat is standing top in the country with the 100% success in providing biometric cards to the fishermen with a view to make them identifiable.
Schemes for agriculture
India Today, November 4, 2015
Under Patel, Gujarat has brought a mindboggling 3 lakh hectares under drip and sprinkler irrigation and enabled small and marginal farmers to take to it through targeted subsidies. Over 200,000 farmers have benefited as a result.
When she took over as chief minister in May 2014, Anandiben Patel had a clear vision: while trying to maintain the development tempo set by her predecessor Narendra Modi, she would endeavour to improve Gujarat's Human Development Index by focusing on social parameters. Eighteen months into a job that came her way because the nation was so smitten by Modi's 'Gujarat model' of development that it voted for its pan-India replication, Patel can sit back and rest content at filling the big shoes the Prime Minister left behind. She has largely been able to achieve the vision she had set out for Gujarat at the outset. The state continues to maintain the near-double-digit growth set by Modi's administration while notching new highs in diverse sectors. Take micro irrigation, for instance. Under Patel, Gujarat has brought a mindboggling 3 lakh hectares under drip and sprinkler irrigation and enabled small and marginal farmers to take to it through targeted subsidies. Over 200,000 farmers have benefited as a result. Another innovative step on the government's part in agriculture is the new organic farming policy, Gujarat's first. The state is encouraging farmers to go green by providing powerful marketing platforms for their produce via Agriculture Produce Market Committees (APMCs) and private corporations. The extension of the sub-minor canal network of the Narmada continues at a fast clip, bringing more and more farmland under irrigation cover.
Malnutrition, hitherto one of the weak spots, is one of the Chief Minister's focus areas when it comes to health. One of Patel's first steps was to launch a new health check-up scheme for children aged between six months and six years which involved gauging the body mass index by measuring the arm circumference to track muscle growth and real body nutrition. As many as 4.3 million children underwent the check-up, and 100,000 of them were found to be suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Compared to pre-existing check-up parameters, the new scheme has yielded a more accurate picture of malnutrition in the state among children below six years of age and allowed the government to devise targeted schemes. Patel has also organised health camps on a large scale for tracking diabetes. The upshot was that 138,000 people, mostly poor or of the lower middle class, were diagnosed with diabetes and prescribed medication. "The government's biggest achievement in the health sector is that it has precisely identified the challenged and formulated concrete steps to alleviate their condition," says Anil Mukim, principal secretary (health and family welfare), Gujarat, who has worked with Prime Minister Modi earlier.
On October 14, 2015, Gujarat launched 16 channels as part of its educational network Vande Gujarat, delivering primary to higher education lessons and also a variety of other subjects ranging from agriculture to health-and even a channel for those taking competitive exams. The school education programmes are already being beamed through set-top boxes to 20,500 of the 34,000 government schools in the state. It's not just a case of Anandiben Patel unveiling new schemes. The government has furthered many programmes initiated by CM Modi. It has extended health cover under the Mukhyamantri Amrutum Yojana to the lower middle class apart from the existing beneficiaries-people falling in the Below Poverty Line category. The scheme covers free treatment of seven major diseases, including cancer. The cattle health improvement scheme, launched by Modi when he was chief minister, has got a major boost during Patel's tenure. Nearly 1.8 million cattle have been examined by veterinary doctors at 1,700-odd animal husbandry melas, and as many as 6,000 of these have been operated upon to cure ailments.
In the golden jubilee year (2010-11) of the state, the state government organized 'Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors' Summit (VGGIS) which was truly matchless in the financial history of our nation. The summit attracted investors from across the world. As many as 8,380 MoUs were signed which is expected to fetch an investment of around Rs. 20.83 lakh crore. This will also translate into a job opportunity for lakhs of youths of the state, which is going to prove as a distinctive achievement of the state.
The number of registered working factories in the State were 24453 (Provisional) at the end of 2009 with the average daily employment upto 12.58 lakh.
During the year 2009-10 (Upto October, 2009), 2091 new Joint Stock Companies with an authorized capital of Rs. 608 crore were registered in the State. Hence upto October, 2009, 57104 Joint Stock Companies were registered in the State. Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDS) has been assigned the role of developing industrial estates with infrastructure facilities. At the end of year 2009-10 GIDS sanctioned 262 industrial estates.
IRRIGATION AND POWER
The total irrigation potential through surface water as well as ground water has been assessed at 64.88 lakh hectare including 17.92 lakh hectare through Sardar Sarovar ( Narmada ) Project. The total irrigation potential created up to June 2010 was worked out to 31.65 lakh hectare. The maximum utilisation was estimated at 23.79 lakh hectare up to June 2010.
Gujarat has become the first state in the nation to start a separate department of 'climate change' to tackle the issue of global warming.
Gujarat has become the first state in the country to come with solar policy in 2009, with a view to give boost to the solar energy sector.
With a view to provide the benefits of electricity to the weaker sections of the society, the state government provided as many as 2,12,236 power connections by December 2010 under various schemes.
The total installed capacity for the state including central sector project increased to 12512 MW as on October 2010. All the villages have been covered under the scheme Jyoti Gram Yojana of Gujarat State Government.
Roads : Road network is playing crucial role in the development of the state. As a novel approach, the state government has involved private sector in the building of a sound road network. With a view to meet the needs of increasing population, BRTS facility has been started in the state's mega city Ahmedabad for speedy commuting.
The total length of road (except Non-plan, Community, Urban and Projects roads) was 74,112 km by the end of 2007-08.
Aviation: At present, the state has got 20 airports in all. Gujarat Government is in the process of getting 11 new airports for the pilgrim places of the state which will connect all the major pilgrim places like Pallitana, Dwarka, Ambaji and others on the air-route.
The main airport of Gujarat at Ahmadabad is connected with Mumbai, Delhi and other cities by daily services. Ahmedabad airport has now got up the status of an International Airport. Other domestic airports as Vadodara, Surat, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Jamnagar and Rajkot.
Ports: During the last decade, Gujarat has acquired a status of an important maritime state of the country. Nearly 80% of the total traffic on the non-major ports and about 25% of the total traffic on all the ports of India is being recorded on the ports of Gujarat, which is a matter of pride for the state.
Gujarat has 41 minor and intermediate and one major port is Kandla port. The intermediate and minor ports of Gujarat handled a total cargo of 2055.40 lakh tones whereas Kandla port handled cargo of 795.00 lakh tones during year 2009-10.
Tarnetar fair is held at village Tarnetar in the honour of Lord Shiva on the 4th, 5th, and 6th days of the bright half of the month of Bhadrapada (August/September). Madhavrai fair at Madhavpur near Porbandar is held to celebrate the marriage by elopement of Lord Krishna and Rukmani, on the ninth day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra (March/April ). Ambaji fair dedicated to Amba-mother goddess is held in Banaskantha district. The biggest annual fair and Janmashtami the birthday of Lord Krishna is celebrated at Dwarka and Dakor with great enthusiasm. Other festivals are Makar-Sankranti, Navratri, Dangi Darbar, Shamlaji fair and Bhavnath fair.
Religious centres like Dwarka, Somnath, Palitana, Pavagadh, Ambaji, Bhadreshwar, Shamlaji, Taranga and Girnar; Porbandar the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi; places of memorable monuments of architectural and archaeological wonders like Patan, Siddhpur, Ghurnil, Dabhoi, Vadnagar, Modhera, Lothal and Ahmedabad; Beaches like Ahmadpur–Mandvi, Chorvad, Ubharat, and Thital; the Hill station-Saputara ; Lion sanctuary of Gir forest and wild life sanctuary in Katchchh area are major tourist attractions in the State.
Governor : Dr. Shrimati Kamla
Chief Secretary : A.K. Jyoti
Chief Minister : Shri Narendra Modi
Jurisdiction of : Gujarat State High Court
AREA, POPULATION AND HEADQUARTERS OF DISTRICTS
District Area (sq km) Population Headquarters
(Prov. Census 2011)
Ahmedabad 8,087 7,208,200 Ahmedabad
Amreli 7,397 1,513,614 Amreli
Anand 2,941 2,090,276 Anand
Banaskantha 10,757 3,116,045 Palanpur
Bharuch 6,527 1,550,822 Bharuch
Bhavnagar 9,981 2,877,961 Bhavnagar
Dohod 3,646 2,126,558 Dohod
The Dangs 1,764 2,26,769 Ahwa
Gandhinagar 2,163 1,387,478 Gandhinagar
Jamnagar 14,125 2,159,130 Jamnagar
Junagadh 8,846 2,742,934 Junagadh
Kheda 4,219 2,298,934 Nadiad
Kachchh 45,652 2,090.313 Bhuj
Mahesana 4,384 2,020,727 Mahesana
Narmada 2,755 590,379 Rajpipla
Navsari 2,209 1,330,711 Navsari
Panchmahal 5,220 2,338,267 Godhara
Patan 5,730 1,342,746 Patan
Porbandar 2,298 5,86,062 Porbandar
Rajkot 11,203 3,799,770 Rajkot
Sabarkantha 7,390 2,427,346 Himatnagar
Surat 7,657 6,079,231-806,489 Surat
Surendranagar 10,489 1,755,873 Surendranagar
Vadodara 7,549 4,157,568 Vadodara
Valsad 3,035 1,703,068 Valsad