This is a collection of articles archived for the excellence of their content.
the Facebook community, Indpaedia.com.
All information used will be acknowledged in your name.
Global Innovation Index
2015-2019: India moves up from no.81 to 52
2015-2019: how India moved up from no.81 to no.52 on the Global Innovation Index, and
What remains to be done. '
The Times of India, Aug 17, 2016
India has been ranked 66th in a list of most innovative economies, jumping 15 places from last year, according to a new UN report which calls for more transparent policies if the country aspires to become a global driver of innovation.
In the report by the UN World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), India moved up 15 spots from 81st last year to 66th this year in the overall global rankings.
The Global Innovation Index 2016, released by the WIPO, Cornell University, and the multi-nation business graduate school INSEAD, said India ranks among the top 50 economies overall in two pillars: Market sophistication, 33, and Knowledge and technology out-puts, 43.
The country maintains stable or improved rankings across all pillars, with the most significant improvements in Human capital and research, up 40 spots and Busines sophistication, up 59 spots. Within Human capital and research, India data coverage increased, specifically in graduates in sciences and engineering, ranked eighth overall in 2016 while this was a missing value last year, affecting the jump in its ranking. India's ranking in the Business sophistication pillar is affected most by a substantial improvement in Knowledge workers, up 46 spots and Knowledge absorption, up 33 spots.
India also improves in the ranking of firms offering formal training by 56 spots to reach 42nd place. "Furthermore, India improves across all indicators within the Knowledge absorption sub-pillar and it turns in a solid performance in the GII (Global Innovation Index) model's newly incorporated research talent in business enterprise, where it ranks 31st," the report said.
However, India shows weakness in two sub-pillars of business environment, 117th, and education, 118th and within this has potential to improve in the the ease of starting a business and pupil-teacher ratio. "India has all the ingredients needed to become a global driver of innovation: A strong market potential, an excellent talent pool and an underlying culture of frugal innovation. Innovative countries have demonstrated the leverage of their cultural advantage to capture markets," the report said.
Similarly, India can build on its cultural bias of frugality and sustainability to capture markets not only within its shores but globally. "For this to happen India's industries need to have the hunger to be at the top of the value chain, its customers have to be more demanding, its policies have to be more transparent, and its talent pool has to get more hands-on experience while simultaneously growing to leverage the global talent pool," the report said. Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device.
2018: India climbs 3 spots to 57th
China Up 5 Slots, Now At 17th Position
India has consistently been climbing up the Global Innovation Index (GII) since 2015, but the country still has to improve on many indicators to catch up with China and others leading the table in the list of 126 nations.
The 2018 rankings put India at 57th position and China at 17th as compared to their last year’s rankings of 60th and 22nd, respectively, providing an insight into their growing innovation capabilities and results.
The rankings are published by the World Intellectual Property Organisation — a specialised agency of the United Nations — in association with Cornell University and graduate business school INSEAD. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is one of the knowledge partners which assists the GII team in brining out the rankings.
India has maintained its perch at the top in the central and south Asia region, consistently moving up from 81st rank in 2015 to 57th this year.
“Given its size and innovation development, India has the potential to make a true difference to the global innovation landscape in the years to come. The Indian government and CII are working closely with the GII team to further improve the Indian performance,” said CII director general Chandrajit Banerjee.
The GII report shows India has been improving its ranking on the basis of certain parameters which are flagged as the country’s strengths. It includes India’s human capital (graduates in science & engineering), growth rate of GDP per worker, exports of information and communication technology and services, productivity growth and creative goods exports among others.
However, the country fared badly on other indicators including political stability and safety, ease of starting business, overall education and environmental performance.
2020: India rises to #48
India has been ranked 48th on the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2020 among 131 economies, breaking into the top 50 countries for the first time. Moving up four positions from last year, three ‘clusters’ — Bengaluru, Delhi and Mumbai — feature in the top 100 science & technology hotspots, further endorsing India’s presence in the global innovation economy.
High-income countries Switzerland, Sweden, the US, the UK and the Netherlands lead the innovation ranking, with a second Asian economy — South Korea — joining the top 10 for the first time. Singapore is ranked at the eighth position.
The GII by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) ranks global economies according to their innovation capabilities, including roughly 80 indicators, grouped into innovation inputs and outputs. Together with three other economies — China, Vietnam and the Philippines — India has made the most significant progress in the GII innovation ranking over time, it said.
The Covid-19 pandemic is severely pressuring a long-building rise in worldwide innovation, likely hindering some innovative activities while catalysing ingenuity elsewhere, notably in the health sector, according to the GII 2020.
WIPO director-general Francis Gurry said, “Even as we all grapple with the immediate human and economic effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, governments need to ensure that rescue packages are future-oriented and support individuals, research institutes, companies and others with innovative and collaborative new ideas for the post-Covid era. Innovations equal solutions.”
Commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal said, “To promote innovation and its culture in India, the government is formulating the new education policy 2020, which we are sure will be in the long term, as we shift gears and accelerate our efforts towards a mindset of innovation, towards the spirit of inquiry among our youngsters right from a very young age. The National Innovation Council, which promotes innovation in our micro, small and medium enterprises, is also working in a variety of ways, particularly through the India Inclusive Innovation Fund, to support activities around innovation.”
The top-performing economies in the GII are still almost exclusively from the high-income group, with China (14th) remaining the only middle-income economy in the GII top 30, and Malaysia at the 33rd position.
New Delhi : India has entered the top 40 economies in the 2022 global innovation index, jumping six places from last year and bagging the top position among 36 lower middle-income group economies. It also topped the list of 10 economies in central and South Asia.
Switzerland, the US, Sweden and the Netherlands are the world’s most innovative economies, according to the Global Innovation Index (GII) unveiled by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO). India and Turkiye have entered top 40 for first time.
“With their rise in terms of innovation performance in the shadow of shocks to global supply chains, Turkiye and India are positively enriching the global innovation landscape, while Indonesia shows promising potential,” said Soumitra Dutta, GII co-editor and dean of the Said Business School at Oxford University. India (40) leads the central and south Asian region and reaches the top 40, after making it into the top 50 in 2020. The Islamic Republic of Iran (53) and Uzbekistan (82) follow. Indiahas moved up the ranking consistently since 2015 when it was ranked 81st.
“Innovation is the buzzword across India. Proud of our innovators. We’ve come a long way and want to scale even newer heights,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on micro blogging site Twitter. India is the innovation leader in the lower middle-income group. It continues to lead the world in ICT (information, communication and tech) services exports and holds top rankings in other indicators, including venture capital receipt value, finance for startups and scaleups, graduates in scienceand engineering, labour productivity growth and domestic industry diversification, according to the WIPO report. In its annual ranking of the world’s economies on innovation capacity and output, the GII shows some key changes in the top 15 of the ranking, with the US climbing to the second position, the Netherlands reaching the fifth position, Singapore rising to 7th, Germany at 8th and China up one place to 11th and on the doorstep of the top 10, according to GII.
Canada is back among the top 15 global innovators (15th). Turkiye (37th) and India (40th) enter the top 40 for the first time. Beyond these, Vietnam (48), the Islamic Republic of Iran (53rd) and the Philippines (59th) are the middle-income economies with the fastest innovation performance growth to-date, according to the index.
The most innovative states
2019: Karnataka, Delhi
Karnataka has emerged as the most innovative major state in India. Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Telangana, Haryana, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh round off the top 10 major states, according to Niti Aayog’s India Innovation Index 2019 which was unveiled.
Sikkim and Delhi take the top spots among north-eastern and hill states, and Union Territories/city states/small states respectively. Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh are the most efficient states in translating inputs into output, according to the report. The index shows that the innovation ecosystem is strong in the southern and western India.
Delhi and Haryana seem to be exceptions to this trend and did well on the index. Vice chairman of Niti Aayog Rajiv Kumar expressed hope that the “India Innovation Index would create synergies between different stakeholders in the innovation ecosystem and India would shift to competitive good governance”. Niti CEO Amitabh Kant said, “India has a unique opportunity among its myriad challenges to become the innovation leader in the world.”
The states were divided into three categories — major states, north-east and hill states, and Union Territories/city states/small states. Karnataka’s number one position is partly attributed to its top rank in the performance dimension, the report said.
It is also among the top performers in infrastructure, knowledge workers, knowledge output and business environment. Among major states, Maharashtra performs the best in the dimension of enablers. This implies that it has the best enabling environment for innovation. The broad level learnings include increasing spending on research and development, and improving the capability of educational institutions to produce greater innovation outputs.
2020: Rankings, state-wise
K’taka tops Innovation Index, Maha ranks 2nd
Karnataka has retained its top position among the major states, while Maharashtra has leapfrogged Tamil Nadu to occupy the second place in the second edition of the Innovation Index unveiled by government think tank NITI Aayog.
Telangana, Kerala, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab complete the top 10 states. Among UTs and northeast & hill states, Delhi and Himachal Pradesh occupy the top spots, respectively. Among major states, the average innovation score is 25.4. Karnataka tops at 42.5, which is attributable to its strong number of venture capital deals, registered GIs (geographical indications) and ICT (information & communication technology) exports. Karnataka’s high FDI inflow has also enhanced the innovation capabilities of the state. Maharashtra follows second at 38, while Bihar finishes last at 14.5. The case for the southern states as the top performers has also become stronger as four of them occupy the top five spots within major states.
The northeast & hill states achieve an average innovation score of 17.9, with Himachal Pradesh as the best performer with a score of 25, followed by Manipur (22.8) and Sikkim (22.3), respectively. With 31.9% of its employment generated being knowledge-intensive, Himachal Pradesh benefits from a high number of knowledge workers, the report said.
The innovation score of UTs & city states averages at 26. Delhi, the best performer among all groups, tops the ranking. Chandigarh follows second with a score of 38.6, whereas Lakshadweep and J&K occupy the last two positions in the group, respectively. Having recorded the highest number of trademark and patent applications, along with the establishment of new startups and companies in the last fiscal, Delhi has managed to deliver superior results in the domain of knowledge output. Delhi’s performance is attributable to its conducive business environment, especially in terms of internet penetration, which is the highest in the country. Delhi has 202.7 internet subscribers per 100 population, according to the report.
The innovation index measures innovation through human capital, investment, knowledge workers, business environment, safety and legal environment, knowledge output and diffusion.
Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements
IIT-M aces innovations ranking, 7 IITs in top 10
IIT Madras, Bombay and Delhi have emerged as the top three institutes of national importance in the ‘Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA) 2020’.
The Institute of Chemical Technology, Maharashtra; Panjab University, Chandigarh; and Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Haryana bagged the top three slots in the government and government-aided universities category. Seven IITs figure among the top 10 institutes. Around 674 institutions had participated in the ARIIA Rankings this year compared with 496 Institutions last year.
The rankings were released by Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu in the presence of Ramesh Pokhriyal, Union minister for education and Sanjay Dhotre, junior minister of education.
The ARIIA was instituted in 2019 by the ministry of education to rank educational institutions and universities primarily on innovationrelated indicators. The six parameters include programmes and activities on IPR, innovation, start-up and entrepreneurship, pre incubation and incubation infrastructure, annual budget spent on promoting and supporting innovation and entrepreneurship activities, courses on innovation, IPR and entrepreneurship development, intellectual property, technology transfer and commercialisation and successful start-ups and funding innovation and start-ups.