Sahitya Akademi Awards
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After the formal launch of their online archival encyclopædia,
The Times of India, Oct 12 2015
Sahitya Akademi recognises 24 tongues, including English
When was the Sahitya Akademi formed?
In 1944, the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal proposed the institutes. One group argued that the government should wait and eminent members of civil society should come forward to establish these academies, while the other faction said the government should take the initiative of es tablishing these organisations. Finally , it was decided that the government would set up the academies, but after establishment they would refrain from interfering in their internal matters and exercising any control over them, so that they can function as autonomous institutions. Along these lines, the national academy of letters or the Sahitya Akademi was finally inaugurated in March, 1954.
What is the responsibility of Sahitya Akademi?
The main function of the academy is to encourage literary activities in the country by goading writerspoets from all Indian languages, and through them strive for the promotion of the cultural unity of the country . Although set up by the government, it is registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act, 1980. To promote Indian literature, the academy facilitates literary dialogues through seminars, lectures, discussions, readings, performances and so on. So far, it has published over 6,000 books that include anthologies, encyclopedias, dictionaries, bibliographies etc.The academy also has a cen tre for oral and trib al literature. The a cademy gives away Sahitya Akademi awards to promi nent writers in Indi an languages.
What are the languages in which Sahitya Akademi awards are given?
The academy recog nises 22 languages enumerated in the constitution. It also recognises English and Rajasthani as languages in which its programme can be implemented. The academy is supposed to give one award every year to writers from each of these languages. What are the eligibility criteria for the awards?
The book must be an outstanding contribution to the language and literature to which it belongs. It could be creative or a critical work, but it must not be a work of translation, anthology , an abridgement, a compilation, an annotation or a treatise or research work pre pared for a university degree or any examination.A fresh collection of writings published in book form is also not eligible for consideration for the awards.The work of an author who has earlier won the award is also disqualified. The book should have been published during the three years prior to the year immediately preceding the awards. A posthumous publication is eligible for the award only if the author has died within this three-year period.
What is the selection process?
Every year, a ground list of eligible books is prepared by an expert or two experts based on the discretion of the president. Each member of the language advisory board sends a panel of not more than five names to be nominated as experts. Once the list is made, a member of the advisory board can recommend a maximum of two titles from the list or one title from the list and one title on hisher own. The list is sent to a preliminary panel of 10 referees, nominated by the president, on the suggestion of the language advisory board. Each referee can recommend a maximum of two books selected from the list sent by the advisory board or on hisher own. The final list of recommended books is sent for consideration by a threemember jury . The awards are given after the recommendations of the jury, which are subject to the approval of the executive board.
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Language Title and Genre Author
Assamese Asomiya Ramayani Sahitya : Kathabostur Atiguri (Criticism) Keshada Mahanta (Smt.)
Bengali Khanamihirer Dhipi (Novel) Bani Basu ( Smt.)
Bodo Swdwbni Sweier (Poetry) Aurobindo Uzir
Dogri Pandran Kahaniyan (Short Stories) Manoj
English Book of Rachel (Novel) Esther David (Smt.)
Gujarati Chhavani (Novel) Dhirendra Mehta
Hindi Mohan Das (Short Story) Uday Prakash
Kannada Kattiyachina Daari (Criticism) Rahamath Tarikere
Kashmiri Yiman Padan Mye Vetsaar Gotshuy (Criticism) Basher Bashir
Konkani Kavallyachem Sraddha (Poetry) Arun Sakhardande
Malayalam Haimavathabhuvil (Travelogue) M.P. Veerendra Kumar
Manipuri Leikangla (Novel) M. Borkanya (Smt.)
Marathi Rujuvat-Asvad : Samiksha : Ashok R. Kelkar Mimamsa (Criticism)
Nepali Aakashlay Pani Thawan Khoji Gopi Narayan Pradhan Rahechha (Poetry)
Oriya Jibanara Chalapathe (Autobiography) Pathani Pattnaik
Punjabi Kaal Pehar Gharian (Poetry) Vanita (Smt.)
Rajasthani Meeran (Poetry) Mangat Badal
Sanskrit Bhargviyam (Poetry) Mithila Prasad Tripathi
Santhali Rahi Ranwak' Kana (Play) Bhogla Soren
Sindhi Ajan Yaad Aahe (Poetry) Laxman Dubey
Tamil Soodiya Poo Soodarka (Short Stories) Nanjil Nadan
Urdu Gumshuda Dair Ki Gunjati Ghantiyan (Poetry) Sheen Kaaf Nizam
The Sahitya Akademi announced winners of its annual award for 2018, and the Bhasha Samman for 2017 and 2018.
This year’s winners include:
Sanjib Chattopadhyay for Bengali
Anees Salim for his novel in English
Sharifa Vijliwala for her essays in Gujarati
Chitra Mudgal for her Hindi novel
S Ramesan Nair for his poetry in Malayalam
India’s academy of letters has also awarded :
Rama Kant Shukla for his work in Sanskrit, Rajesh Kumar Vyas for Rajasthani, Rahman Abbas for Urdu, Lok Nath Upadhyay for Nepali, S Ramakrishnan for Tamil and K G Nagarajappa for Kannada.
In the Bhasha Samman categories:
Yogendra Nath Sharma ‘Arun’ was awarded in the north zone
G Venkatasubbiah has been awarded in the south zone
Gagendra Nath Das in eastern zone
Shailaja Bapat in western zone.
Sahitya Akademi secretary K Sreenivasa Rao said the books were selected on the basis of recommendations made by a jury of three members in each language section and represented the diversity of contemporary Indian literature.
Awards will be presented to the winners on January 29 for seven collections of poetry, six novels, six short story collections, three works of literary criticism and two collections of essays spanning 24 Indian languages recognised by the Sahitya Akademi.
NEW DELHI: Politician-writer Shashi Tharoor and playwright Nand Kishore Acharya are among 23 writers who will be bestowed with the Sahitya Akademi Award 2019.
The national academy of letters announced the names of the winners on Wednesday.
While Tharoor won the award for his book "An Era of Darkness" in English, Acharya will receive the recognition for his book of Hindi poetry, "Chheelatey Hue Apne Ko".
"The awards were recommended by distinguished jury members representing 23 Indian languages and approved by the Executive Board of the Sahitya Akademi which met today under the Chairmanship of Chandrashekhar Kambar, President, Sahitya Akademi," K Sreenivasarao, Secretary of the Akademi, said in a statement.
Seven poets will be given the award - Phukan Ch. Basumatary (Bodo), Nand Kishore Acharya (Hindi), Niba A Khandekar (Konkani), Kumar Manish Arvind (Maithili), V Madhusoodanan Nair (Malayalam), Anuradha Patil (Marathi), and Penna Madhusudan (Sanskrit).
Joysree Goswami Mahanta (Assamese), L Birmangol Singh (Manipuri), Cho Dharman (Tamil) and Bandi Narayan Swami (Telugu) will receive the award for their novels.
Six authors will get the recognition in short story category -- Abdul Ahad Hajini (Kashmiri), Tarun Kanti Mishra (Odia), Kripal Kazak (Punjabi), Ramswaroop Kisan (Rajasthani), Kali Charan Hembram (Santali), and Ishwar Moorjani (Sindhi).
Shashi Tharoor (English), Vijaya (Kannada) and Shafey Kidwai (Urdu) have won the award for their work on creative non-fiction, autobiography and biography respectively.
Three books of essay by Chinmoy Guha (Bengali), Om Sharma Jandriari (Dogri), and Ratilal Borisagar (Gujarati) were also named for the prestigious award.
The winners will receive an engraved copper plate and Rs 1 lakh cash prize at a special function on February 25, 2020 in Delhi.