Sustainable Development Goals: India

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Status of sustainable development in the states


Surojit Gupta, In 12 yrs, poverty, hunger and illiteracy-free India?, December 23, 2018: The Times of India

Status of sustainable development in the states-
overall score of states and UTs
… presumably as in 2018
From: Surojit Gupta, In 12 yrs, poverty, hunger and illiteracy-free India?, December 23, 2018: The Times of India
Status of sustainable development in the states-
Where the states are on 13 key goals in 2018.
From: Surojit Gupta, In 12 yrs, poverty, hunger and illiteracy-free India?, December 23, 2018: The Times of India

Kerala, HP On Top In Sustainable Development Goals Index

What if India ended poverty by 2030 and succeeded in sending all its children to school and managed to ensure healthier and more fulfilling lives for its citizens? Sounds great, but also tough you might say. The country, however, is taking big strides towards achieving these targets that are key components of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

NITI Aayog has constructed an SDG India Index that measures the country’s performance on 13 of the total 17 SDGs. And though left with distance to cover on each, the country appears on track for now. The 13 goals are no poverty, zero hunger, good health and well being, quality education, gender equality, clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, decent work and economic growth, industry, innovation and infrastructure, reduced inequality, sustainable cities and communities, life on land, peace, justice and strong institutions.

Kerala and Himachal Pradesh have topped the Niti Aayog SDG index. Kerala’s top rank has been attributed to its superior performance in providing good health, reducing hunger, achieving gender equality and providing quality education. Himachal ranks high on providing clean water and sanitation, in reducing inequalities and preserving the mountain ecosystem. Assam, Bihar and UP were at the bottom of the table.

Among the Union Territories, Chandigarh was on top due to what the report called “exemplary performance” in providing clean water and sanitation to its people. It also made good progress towards providing affordable and clean energy, generating decent work and economic growth, and providing quality education.

Tamil Nadu and Puducherry are the best performers among the states and UTs, respectively, for reducing extreme poverty. Seven states are “frontrunners” (index score greater than/equal to 65). Seven states and four were in the category of “aspirants” (index score less than 50), which also means that they were at the bottom of the table. Goa and Delhi are frontrunners in the SDG category of zero hunger.

The 2030 agenda for sustainable development was adopted by 193 member states at the UN General Assembly in September 2015, and came into effect on January 1, 2016.

“It (the index) provides a benchmark to map our progress at the national as well as at the sub-national level,” said Rajiv Kumar, vice chairman of Niti Aayog, which has been mandated to oversee the progress of the SDG goals in India.


June 3, 2019: The Times of India

The third edition of Niti Aayog's Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index 2020-21 rankings, which evaluates progress of states and Union territories on social, economic and environmental parameters, was released.

Kerala with a score of 75 has once again retained the top spot in the rankings, while Bihar with a score of 52 remains at the bottom of the list.

The second position with 74 points has been shared by two states: Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

At the bottom of the table were: Bihar with 52 points, Jharkhand with 56 points and Assam with 57 points.

Here's a quick look at the performance of the states:

India's overall score: 66 points (up 6 points from last year)

Top performers

Kerala: 75 points

Himachal Pradesh: 74 points

Tamil Nadu: 74 points

States at the bottom of table

Bihar: 52 points

Jharkhand: 56 points

Assam: 57 points

Top performing Union Territories

Chandigarh: 79

Delhi: 68

Lakshadweep: 68

Top gainers

Mizoram: 12 points gained

Haryana: 10 points gained

Uttarakhand: 8 points gained

New front runners (Score between 65 and 99)










Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh

As per the report, Tamil Nadu and Delhi have done well on improving per capita income of individuals, Gujarat and Delhi have given best performance in the health sector, while Kerala and Chandigarh have done well in education.

SDG index launched in 2018

First launched in December 2018, the index has become the primary tool for monitoring progress on the SDGs in the country and has simultaneously fostered competition among the states and Union territories by ranking them on the global goals.

The index, developed in collaboration with the United Nations in India, measures the progress at the national and sub-national level in the country's journey towards meeting the global goals and targets. It has been successful as an advocacy tool to propagate the messages of sustainability, resilience and partnerships as well.

From covering 13 goals, 39 targets, and 62 indicators in the first edition in 2018-19 to 17 goals, 54 targets and 100 indicators in the second; this third edition of the index covers 17 goals, 70 targets, and 115 indicators.

Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said, "The report reflects on the partnerships we have built and strengthened during our SDG efforts. The narrative throws light on how collaborative initiatives can result in better outcomes and greater impacts.”

Mizoram, Haryana, Uttarakhand among fast movers

Ambika Pandit , June 7, 2021: The Times of India

Rated as one of the three “fast moving states” with the highest gains by 12 points in development scores from 56 in 2019, Mizoram’s journey towards delivering on sustainable goals as assessed by the SDG Index 2020-21 clearly reflects steps taken to achieve a more sustainable and energy efficient way of life.

Haryana with a 10 point improvement from 57 to 67 and Uttarakhand that moved up 8 points from 64 to 72 have also been classified as fast moving states, based on initiatives to do better across goals. In both these states, steps towards sustainable cities have evidently contributed to their scores. Also all three states have been rated as “achievers” under “affordable and clean energy” with a 100% score for electrification of households and access to gas connections.

The SDG Index released by Niti Aayog categorises performance based on indicators over a score that ranges from aspirants at the bottom with a score of 0-49 followed by performers (50-64), front runners (65-99) and achiever (100).

In terms of “responsible consumption and production”, Mizoram’s score improved from a low 50 (performer) to an impressive 87 (front runner).

In the case of Haryana, wards with 100% door to door waste collection went up from 91.4% to 93.9% between 2019 to 2020. Also wards with 100% waste segregation increased from 50.2% to 65%.

Uttarakhand has made significant improvement in good health and well-being. It turns out that the under 5 mortality rate (per 1000 live births) declined from 47 to 33 in 2020. It also comes through that 90% of children within 9-11 months were immunised in 2020. However, there are concerns, like the the maternal mortality rate (per1 lakh live births) increased from 89 to 99 in 2020.


Nov 24, 2021: The Times of India

Shimla has topped Niti Aayog’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) index that ranks 56 urban areas according to their progress in meeting SDGs linked to ending poverty, zero hunger, good health and well being, quality education and gender equality, among others. Coimbatore and Chandigarh were ranked second and third respectively among the top 10 urban centres, while Dhanbad was the laggard and placed among the bottom 10 centres.

In 2015, the UN General Assembly had set the target of meeting 17 SDG goals by 2030. The latest index measures urban centres in India on 15 out of the 17 goals. Out of the 56 urban areas ranked in the index, 44 are with a population of more one million. The remaining 12 are state capitals with a population of less than a million.

For each SDG, the urban areas are ranked on a scale of 0-100. A score of 100 implies that the urban area has achieved the targets set for 2030; a score of 0 implies that it is the farthest from achieving the targets among the selected urban areas, according to a statement issued by the government think tank.

Among the top10 performers, eight centres scored between 70% to 75.5%, indicating good progress, while the score for the bottom 10 ranged from 52.4% to 58.6%.

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