The employability of Indians
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Employability of Indians
Employability of Indians has slowly increased over the past four years and nearly 40.4% of students are now employable, up from 33.9% in 2014, the India Skills report 2017 has shown. According to the survey launched in 2014, employability stood at 37.2% in 2015 and rose to 38.1% in 2016.
Women were found to be marginally more employable than men in the 2017 survey whose findings will be released on Thursday . Nearly 41% of women were found to be employable, slightly higher than the 40% in males.
Maharashtra has the highest number of employable people followed by Andhra Pradesh, UP, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu.Bengaluru and Pune were the most preferred destinations for employment.
The survey is a collaborative effort of People Strong, Confederation of Indian Industry , LinkedIn, UNDP, Wheebox, Association of Indian Universities and the All India Council for Technical Education.
Employability tests were conducted between July 15 and October 30 in 29 states and seven Union territories and covered 3,000 campuses. It assessed about 5.2 lakh candidates on seven parameters, which included English, mathematical aptitude, critical thinking, learning agility , interpersonal skills, adaptability and domain skills.
Students from across a wide range of subjects, such as engineering, business administration, humanities and those from ITIs, took the tests.Engineering and MBA students were found to be most employable and students from polytechnics the least.“As the economy grows, there is a thrust on skills and, hence, employability is increasing. But there is a long way to go to raise the level,“ said Nirmal Singh, CEO of Wheebox, a talent assessment company which conducted the tests.
The survey showed that hiring sentiment remained steady with employers across sectors expecting an average increase of about 7-10% from last year. The survey covered over 125 employers spread across 11 major sectors, like manufacturing, ITES and IT, to get an idea of the demand for jobs and potential hiring intent for the coming year.
Wheebox's Singh said while the hiring intent would stay robust in 2017, it would be slower than last year's 14%. Engineers will be the most sought after.
Employability: sectors where it is the highest
2013-17: hotel management tops
Hotel management graduates more likely to get placement than those trained in architecture, engineering or technology, according to new data.
Though there are many more engineering and technology passouts than other streams, the data does seem to be in keeping with industry’s complaint that poor quality of engineering graduates makes them unsuitable for employment. Of the seven broad streams under the jurisdiction of the AICTE, ‘management’ was the only one, apart from hotel management and catering, in which placements were over 50% of the number of students passing out, with 4.2 lakh out of 7.4 lakh or 56% getting placed.
Boys dominate the enrolment chart in hotel management and catering occupying 86% of seats. In contrast, girls (52%) outnumber boys (48%) in architecture and town planning, where placements are the lowest. Experts say that a comparatively smaller pool of employable youth and a growing hospitality industry are to be credited for this shift. Rituparna Chakraborty, co-founder and executive vice president of Teamlease Services Limited, said the findings were not surprising. “There is a dearth of qualified trained professionals. Today vocational skillsets are being valued and students are getting placement,” she said. She agreed that quality was a question when it comes to courses like engineering and MBA and many of these degree holders were not employable. Manav Thadani, founder chairman at Hotelivate, said the trend was likely to continue. “There is huge scope for service-oriented industries and accordingly the flow of students will increase to these streams,” he said.
Dilip Chenoy, secretary general of FICCI, said the total base of hotel and management courses was much lower than engineering. “Also, typically those who take hotel management courses want to actually go into jobs. If you look at the engineering sector, not everybody who completes engineering wants to get into jobs.
2018: IISc, IIT-D in world top 100 in employability ranking
S Korea, China Outshine India In Asian Region
Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi are two institutions which made it to the top 100 list of the Global University Employability Ranking 2018.
Securing a place among the top 150 institutions globally are IISc at 48 improving its position by one place, IITDelhi breaking into the top 100 at 55, and IIM-Ahmedabad entering the elite list at 144. IIT-Bombay, however, dropped out of the list in 2018.
The global employability ranking, designed by HR consultancy Emerging, and published by Times Higher Education (THE), lists the top 150 institutions worldwide for employability, based on a survey of 7,000 recruitment and international managers from major businesses.
While there is commendable improvement this year for India, it has not matched the advances made by others in the region. “India’s performance in the employability ranking has been somewhat inconsistent since the list was first launched in 2011. It still only counts three universities in the top 150, suggesting it’s struggling to make the reputational ground with employers that some other Asian nations have achieved,” said Simon Baker, data editor at THE.
Globally, employability gap is narrowing as US dominance wanes. Harvard topped the 2018 listing, switching places with the California Institute of Technology.
South Korea’s performance in the table has improved more than any other Asian nation. In 2011, the country had just one representative in the top 150. This year, it has six — one less than mainland China. The overall performance of its institutions in the 2018 table is up almost two-fold from last year. Elsewhere, Hong Kong and Taiwan have also swiftly improved. However, the analysis shows while mainland China continues to dominate in the region, it has not experienced this same surge in recent years. While it has swiftly advanced up THE’s World University Rankings, for graduate employability, its rise has been considerably slower.
Since 2011, the US has experienced a sharp decline in performance — greater than any other nation in the table. It comes amid intensified competition, particularly from east Asia. The nation has 34 institutions in the top 150 this year, compared to 55 in 2011, with six universities in the top 10 — a drop from seven last year.
The UK does largely hold its position in this year’s ranking retaining 10 institutions. However, in 2011 it was the second best represented nation globally, with 15 in the top 150. Since then, the country’s overall performance has declined more than any other European nation. In contrast, Germany — which ensures strong industry experience for students, favoured by recruiters — has soared, becoming the most-improved European nation for overall performance since 2011. It overtakes France this year to become second most represented nation globally, after the US.
“By-and-large, the highest risers are those equipping students with softer skills increasingly favoured among recruiters, such as teamwork — combined with the strongest possible industry experience,” Baker said.
Globally employability gap is narrowing as US dominance wanes. UK largely held its place while South Korea was the highest gaining Asian nation
IIT-Bombay graduates have the best employment prospects among Indian universities and figure in the top 22% out of 550 institutions across the world, as per the 2022 QS Graduate Employability Rankings.
Even as IIT-Bombay climbed from 111-120 to 101-110 in the rankings, the other Indian institution in top 150, IIT-Delhi, too improved its ranking in the 2022 list — 131-140 from 151-160 in 2020. Three Indian varsities, including IIT-Madras, feature in the top 200 in the graduate employment rankings.
MIT, Stanford and University of California are at the top of the heap, as per 50,000 employers surveyed by QS for the rankings.
In total, 12 Indian universities are among the 550 institutions included by QS in the final table. Of these, four improved their position since the previous iteration of the ranking, two have declined in rank and two – O P Jindal Global University and Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee – are new entrants this year. Each institution’s score consists of five indicators — employer reputation (30%), alumni outcomes (25%), partnerships with employers per faculty (25%), employer/ student connections (10%) and graduate employment rate (10%).
IIT-M achieves India’s highest grad employment rate score
Three Indian universities achieved top-100 scores for QS’s alumni outcomes metric, which measures the number of highly successful business leaders, philanthropists, creatives, highwealth individuals, and entrepreneurs produced by each university. University of Delhi ranks 21st globally and is no. 1 in India for this metric, scoring 96/100. IIT Madras achieves India’s highest location-adjusted Graduate Employment Rate score (100/100, 4th globally). It is the only Indian institution to achieve a top-50 score for this metric.
IIT-Bombay has a score of 73.9 in employer reputation, 67.7 in alumni outcomes, 20.3 in employer-student connections, 56.3 in partnerships with employers, and 5.7 in graduate employment rate. Among these six parameters, employer reputation indicated the strongest one for the IIT with a rank of 70 globally.
Professor Subhasis Chaudhuri, director, IIT-Bombay, said: “Training at IIT-B emphasises learning outcomes on developing skills for analytical problem solving, capability to address unseen problems and an appreciation for the constraints that beset a specific problem. These are the terms of endearment for any technology-oriented company. Hence, I am not at all surprised at this ranking. As a matter of fact, I expect the rank to be within top 50 if it is truly measured.”
Ben Sowter, director of research at QS, said: “With students becoming increasingly conscious of the competitiveness of the global graduate jobs market, and of the ever-increasing financial costs of their educational investment, it has become correspondingly crucial that independent data of this sort is available to them, so as to inform evidencebased decisions about their educational futures.”
Sowter added, “The data that contributes to this ranking shows that Indian universities are consistently producing high numbers of entrepreneurs, business leaders, and other highly successful individuals. However, with consistently low scores in our partnerships with employers’ indicator, it is also clear that India’s higher education leadership must strive to create stronger links with industry.”
Andhra Pradesh tops the list of states with highest employability, followed by West Bengal and Delhi, according to a nationwide skills survey. Among cities, Bengaluru topped, followed by Chennai, Guntur, Lucknow, Mumbai, New Delhi, Nashik, and Pune. The subjects on which students were tested included English, critical thinking, numerical aptitude, domain knowledge & behavioural competence.
Maharashtra topped the list of states with the highest employable talent, followed by Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh while Mumbai, Hyderabad and Pune stood out as the most employable cities, a survey showed.
Maharashtra moved up from 9th position and Tamil Nadu was up from 10th position of last year as they improved their ranking this year to emerge as the most employable states. The states that registered a dip in their ranking were West Bengal (2nd last year) and Haryana which could not make it to the top 10, according to the seventh edition of the India Skills Report 2020 which will be released on Tuesday.
Taking a deeper look at the employability at the city level, the report puts Mumbai on top, closely followed by Hyderabad which saw its entry into the list for the first time. Bengaluru, New Delhi, Pune, Lucknow and Chennai have maintained their presence in the top 10 list over the past 6 years. Nashik and Guntur which made it to the list last year, have disappeared this year, replaced by Mangalore and Coimbatore. The report assessed 3,00,000 candidates from 35 educational institutes across 28 states and 9 Union Territories, who appeared for the test.
Employability according to qualifications
Andhra Pradesh has topped the list of states with the highest employability followed by West Bengal and Delhi while engineers continued to be the most employable, according to a nationwide skills survey.
More than 3 lakh students from 29 states and 7 UTs appeared for the work, employability and skills test conducted between July 15 and Ocober 30. The subjects on which the students were tested included English, critical thinking skill, numerical aptitude, domain knowledge, behavioural competence.
The survey showed that MBA courses have lost some of their appeal with employability dropping 3 percentage points over the last year, according to the India Skill report 2019 prepared by People Strong, Wheebox and CII in partnership with the All India Council for Technical Education, UNDP and the Association of Universities.
Rajasthan and Haryana have made it to the top 10 for states with the highest employability while Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Punjab dropped out of the top 10 in 2019. Among cities, Bengaluru topped the list followed by Chennai, Guntur, Lucknow, Mumbai, New Delhi, Nashik, Pune and Visakhaptanam.
Guntur and Visakhapatnam entered the top 10 cities’ list after a gap of two years. The list also features Thane and Nashik, which gained entry for the first time. “The presence of these tier 2 and tier 3 cities makes it clear that the employable talent pool is not limited to metro cities,” the report said. Female employability increased this year compared with last year, rising from 38% to 46% while male employability rose from 47% to 48%. The survey showed almost 70% of freshers expect an annual Rs 2 lakh or more as their first salary and 47% of candidates expect Rs 2.6 lakh or above as their first pay check.
The survey showed that almost 64% of employers have a positive outlook on hiring and it is expected to be 15% higher compared to last year across nine major sectors. Demand for those with skills in artificial intelligence is seen robust. The key jobs in terms of hiring potential are: artificial intelligence, design analytics, research and development. About 23% of employers plan to hire for design jobs.
The survey showed that most of the hiring would happen for lateral positions but 15% to 20% hiring would be for freshers. “Almost 40% to 50% of existing jobs which are transaction heavy would get automated. The key sectors are IT, financial services, manufacturing, transportation, packaging and shipping,” it said.
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