Urban development: India
This is a collection of articles archived for the excellence of their content.
Growth of urban areas
1950-2018: The Growth of urban areas and urban population in India
1950-2019: vis-à-vis in Brazil, China, Germany, Russia, USA
See graphic :
1950-2019/ percentage of the population living in cities: India vis-à-vis Brazil, China, Germany, Russia, and the USA
The most and least urbanised states
The Times of India, Aug 01 2017
Urban population, Delhi and highest % of urban population, state-wise
Although the proportion of urban population in Delhi is smaller than places like Hong Kong, Macao, Monaco and Singapore, the Indian capital is more urbanised than western countries. India's least urbanised state, Himachal Pradesh, in contrast, has a much lower proportion of its people living in urban areas when compared with even African countries with agriculture as the mainstay of their economies.
Urban Development Authorities
The biggest UDAs in… 2021
AP chief minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy’s native Kadapa is now the biggest urban development body in the country. Spread over 12,780 sq km, Annamaiah Urban Development Authority, that controls the urban areas of Kadapa district, is the first urban development body in the country to have an area over 9,000 sq km.
No urban, metropolitan or regional development authority in the country, including Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai has such a large area. So far, the biggest urban development body was the AP Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA) that controled Amaravati area, but Kadapa has now overtaken it in terms of the geographic expanse. The state government issued orders of including 520 villages spread over 41 mandals adding 7,388 sq km to Annamaiah UDA taking its over 12,780 sq km.
Jagan’s predecessor N Chandrababu Naidu created the country’s biggest urban agglomeration, APCRDA, to develop the proposed capital city Amaravati for the residuary Andhra Pradesh post bifurcation. The APCRDA was created in 2016 with an area of over 7,000 square kilometres.
However, the Jagan government had renamed it as Amaravati Metropolitan Development Authority expanding its area to 8,352 kilometres in 2020. But, after the withdrawal of the legislation on three capital cities, the APCRDA was restored. Though Annamaiah UDA has a vast geographic area, its urban planning and development of civic infrastructure largely depends on the revenue it generates or the funds it gets from the state government. Most of the civic bodies and UDAs are cash-strapped. Urban bodies are generally left to fend for themselves often affecting development programmes.
However, Annamaiah UDA may not face any funds crunch as Jagan had the other day said in the state Assembly that he had special love for his home district and would do anything to develop it. AP had three UDAs before bifurcation — Visakhapatnam UDA, Tirupati UDA and Vijayawada-Guntur-Tenali UDA. Of these, Visakhapatnam UDA was the biggest with an area of 7,328.86 km.
The Jagan government later created 12 UDAs in 2019. In the last two years, the government added more villages to the new UDAs and the latest is Annamaiah UDA.
Initially, Annamaiah UDA had Kadapa municipal corporation, Prodduturu, Rayachoti, Mydukuru, Badvel and Pulivendula municipalities, Rajampeta, Yerraguntla and Jammalamadugu Nagara Panchayats and 339 panchayats under its jurisdiction. It now got an additional area of 7388 sq km.
Special chief secretary Y Srilakshmi issued the orders merging these villages and the government had notified the merger in the state extraordinary gazette issued on November 25.
Urban development: India