August weather in India
This is a collection of articles, mainly from the Delhi- based press.
This page is under construction. Data will continue to be added over the next several years.
Rainfall in the month of August
2019/ 5-year high of very/ extremely heavy rain, 1-18 August
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) calculated the very heavy to extremely heavy rainfall frequency during 24-hour periods for its 3,500 stations spread across India.
It found that August 2019 has so far seen the [highest number of] instances when stations received more than 120mm and 210mm rain.
PUNE: The country has seen 1,204 instances of very heavy to extremely heavy rainfall in the first 18 days of August alone, the highest for any monsoon month in the last five years for which such data was made available. This is twice the number recorded in August 2018.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) calculated the very heavy to extremely heavy rainfall frequency during 24-hour periods for its 3,500 stations spread across India. It found that August 2019 has so far seen the maximum instances when stations received more than 120mm and 210mm rain.
Real time rainfall data is monitored for all 3,500 stations. IMD officials said “very heavy” rain means showers in the range of 115.6mm-204.4 mm, while “extremely heavy” rainfall event is when a station receives 204.5mm or more in 24 hours. India’s monsoon performance this year has so far been “normal”, but huge swathes of the country have witnessed high rainfall that caused flooding and devastation.
According to the data, 914 very heavy to extremely heavy rainfall events were recorded in July this year, the highest since 2015.
Arvind Kumar Srivastava, head of the Climate Research Division, Climate Research and Services, IMD Pune, told TOI that the 2019 monsoon got active after June 22-23, when heavy rainfall wiped out the high monsoon deficit in various districts within a space of a few days.
“Although there haven’t been many deep weather systems during the monsoon till now, the pressure gradient over the west coast was fairly steep. This was mainly because of a significant and consistent positive north-south temperature gradient, the dynamical forcing needed for strong pressure gradient to maintain copious monsoon flow. This, coupled with circulations over the Bay of Bengal, may have caused widespread rain over major parts of peninsular India, west coast and central Maharashtra,” Srivastava said.
“There were also easterly and westerly interactions over northern/northwestern parts recently. This led to very heavy/extremely rainfall events in situ. Our data showed that in comparison to August 2018, the number of very heavy to extremely heavy rainfall instances registered a two-fold rise in August 2019. In comparison to August 2017, the increase was almost two-and-a-half times in August 2019,” he said.
“Several researches have shown that the occurrence of extreme rainfall events over India during the southwest monsoon season shows spatial variability with preferred regions of occurrence over the entire west coast of India and parts of central India and northeast India. The frequency of extreme rainfall shows a significant increasing trend over the Indian monsoon region during the southwest monsoon season over the 1951–2005 period,” Srivastava said.
Former IMD director general K J Ramesh said, “We are in a global warming period. Extremes of every season are on a rise. The frequency of monsoon lows (low pressure systems) is also increasing over the last decade. A low pressure system is enough to give 300-400mm rain along its trajectory. Low to moderate intensity rainfall events are on the decrease, while heavy to very heavy and extremely heavy rainfall events are on an increase.”
He said pre-monsoon heating was anomalously high this year because of the record temperatures in May and June. “The monsoon core strength was also very good this season. These factors, including the increase in the frequency of low pressure systems and other rains-related variability factors such as the positive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), caused an increase in the very heavy to extremely heavy rainfall events," Ramesh said.
"Heavy rain pockets are developing indiscriminately in different regions. Both heavy rainfall episodes spanning a few hours as well as extremely heavy rainfall periods spanning one to five days, seem to have increased in the recent past,” he added.
2014: rain deficit of 46%
By 26 Aug 2014 Delhi was staring at a rain deficit of 46% for the season and also for the month of August, till then. In fact, the subdivision of Haryana (including Chandigarh and Delhi) had recorded the lowest rainfall across the country during that monsoon with a deficit of 65%. Punjab was a close second with a deficit of 64%. Neighbouring western Uttar Pradesh was only a shade better at 56%.
2019: Abnormally frequent spells of August snowfall
Frequent spells of fresh snowfall, which is not normal in August in Himachal
It is equally a surprise for tourists who are getting to see fresh snow at Rohtang and Baralacha pass
Snowfall has triggered sudden dip in the temperature at high-altitude areas
Rohtang and Baralacha passes have received snow two times this month
MANALI: Many spells of snowfall received in parts of upper Himachal point at an early onset of the winter season this year.
While everything is normal in the lower parts of Himachal, the upper parts are witnessing frequent spells of fresh snowfall, which is not normal in August. Rohtang pass and Baralacha pass have received fresh snow two times this month. The snowfall even affected traffic at Baralacha pass. Parts of Lahaul-Spiti district, including district headquarter Keylong, experienced rare snowfall on August 18 that flattened pea crop at some areas.
The peaks of Pir-Panjal and Dhauladhar ranges have received snow multiple times this month. Although most of the snow melted away very fast, it has triggered sudden dip in the temperature at high-altitude areas. The snow covered green patches on the peaks.
“Lahaul-Spiti and Rohtang pass receive snow even during summer months and during monsoon season but it is rare. I don’t remember the last time when I saw snowfall in August,” a resident from Keylong, Sher Singh Tandup, said. He added that mercury had plunged too low after snowfall for some days. “We felt like winter season has started. Snowfall before mid-October wreaks havoc in the district. We are still tending the fields.”
It is equally a surprise for tourists who are getting to see fresh snow at Rohtang and Baralacha pass. A large number of trekkers, too, had to deal with snowfall this month. Chhering Passang, a trekking expedition guide, who came trekking from Korzok in Ladakh to Spiti, was left surprised by snowfall. “We reached Spiti on Monday [26 Aug]. We were hit by unexpected snowfall when we were passing Parangla pass. The peaks of Ladakh and Spiti are white,” he said.
The night temperature in most parts of Himachal has started to dip. With decrease in temperature, the peaks are getting snow after every spell of rain. The residents of tribal areas are praying for dry days till October, as their fields are under vegetable cultivation and orchards have green apples.
2019: August rain highest in IMD data
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The first two months of this year’s southwest monsoon season showed signs of an oncoming drought. The weather map for June and July had a majority of areas in the state marked in red – a colour code signifying deficient rainfall.
Things took a drastic turn in August when the state witnessed heavy rainfall, flash floods and a series of devastating landslides. The month received a record-breaking rainfall of 951.4mm. The 951.4mm rainfall for the month in the state was the highest in the recorded history of IMD data since 1951. The previous highest (821.9mm) was recorded in August 2018, when the state witnessed devastating floods.
“This must be compared with the average rainfall of August, which is just 419.5 mm,” said meteorologist at National Centre for Earth Science Studies, Rajeevan Erikkulam. According to data, the monsoon was 127% excess in the state in August this year.
Unlike last year, when monsoon was active during the first half of the season, this year monsoon gained strength only in August. The monsoon was 44% deficient in June — this was the lowest in the last 37 years. On an average, when 650mm rainfall was expected during June, the state got only 358mm rainfall. The situation remained bleak in July too when the rainfall was 21% deficient. Against a normal of 726mm, the state received only 574.9mm in July.
By the end of the first three months of the season, southwest monsoon was 5% normal in the state. While average rainfall from June 1 to September 1 is 1,799.2mm, the state has received 1,896.8mm.
In the district-wise figures, Kozhikode leads with 31% excess rainfall while Idukki received the lowest at -18% (deficient rainfall).
Since Indian meteorological department (IMD) considers percentage departure of rainfall between -19% and 19% as normal, rainfall received in all districts are marked as normal, except excess recorded in Kozhikode (31%) and Palakkad (29 %).
“Till August 7, the southwest monsoon rainfall had been 27% deficient in the state. The extremely heavy rainfall from August 7 to 14 changed the entire situation,” Erikkulam said.
The meteorologist said the good pre-monsoon rainfall and active monsoon in June and July might have pushed the water-retention capacity of the soil to the maximum, resulting in floods in August 2018. “This year, heavy rainfall was reported in August after deficient rainfall in the previous months. However, September is expected to witness good rainfall,” he said.
2019: 98% of required rainfall received
The spells of rainfall over the weekend have given the city the amount of rainfall that it required for August. The amount of rainfall recorded for August by the Met’s observatory at Santacruz till 8.30 am on Saturday was 574mm or 98%, short of the 585.2 mm rain required for the month.
Rainfall for June and July this year had crossed the quantum of rainfall required for the months.
For August, of the 98% rainfall for August, 78.17% was recorded till August 5 after which there was a dry spell.
On 31 Aug, it rained in many parts of the city and suburbs. Thane and Navi Mumbai too witnessed rain activity. TNN
Mumbai, 142 to 204cm rain; Dombivli drowns/ 2019
Sunil More’s bungalow in Palava City (Phase 1) in Dombivli looked like it was built inside a pool. Around 6am, water had started seeping in and within a couple of hours, the ground floor was inundated.
As the day progressed and the incessant rain continued, power supply to the entire Phase 1 of the housing complex was switched off. “Water had entered the electrical meter box,” said More.
The situation in phase 1 of Palava City Township was grim with many confined to their buildings due to the flood-like situation. Some of the affected buildings were Casa Bella, Casa Rio and the bungalows of Meadow Green. The area around Phase II of the township was also flooded.
Vehicles were submerged at Palava City (see pic alongside), which is spread over 4,500 acres. Constructed by the Lodha Group, the complex stands on the flood plains of river Mothali. The project was touted as a gated township with riverfront views.
A resident said some lucky ones managed to save their vehicles from damage during the downpour by parking them on higher ground before their building compounds got flooded.
Another resident said “nearly half ” of Phase-I was flooded with water reaching a height of 5 feet.
The management of the housing complex tried to drain out water using pumps
Environmentalist Rupali Shailwale pointed out that Palava City has sprung up in a “low-lying” area. “Also we have to remember that it has been built on the bank of a river,” said Shailwale. “If we play with the environment by constructing along a riverside, such man-made disasters could recur. Also, dumping of plastic waste in the river results in such a display of nature’s fury.”
Kasara Ghat highway damaged, 2019
See picture: Mumbai-Nashik highway in Maharashtra’s Kasara Ghat
Goa, 140.2mm average rainfall, 2019
Goa witnessed one of the heaviest rain spells leading to intense flooding, landslides and road closures, leaving people marooned and passengers stranded. With the state facing rain fury for the third consecutive day, Tuesday was the wettest day of the season with the Met department recording an average rainfall of 140.2mm for the state.
The seasonal total has reached 98 inches, which is a surplus of 16%.
Power supply was also affected, leaving some areas in the dark for over 24 hours at a stretch, there by paralysing business activity. Interstate buses were badly hit and the Goa-Belagavi road was closed due to landslide at Chorla ghat. With rivers flowing above the danger mark, ferry operations on several routes had to be stopped.
Nearly 13 flights were affected, mostly on the Mumbai and Delhi routes, and delayed by over an hour. In a never heard of situation, fire and emergency personnel rescued families using inflatable rafts.
“In view of waterlogging, continuous rain and high tide, the government has identified relief centres at government schools and government buildings.
Passengers on long distance trains were subjected to great inconveniences with train movement badly affected due to waterlogging of tracks in the Mumbai division of Central Railway and landslide between Londa and Tinaighat section of Hubbali division of South Western Railway.
Delhi, Gurgaon: 28mm rain in 9 hrs bring life to halt/ 2017
Aug 10 2017 : The Times of India (Delhi)
28mm rain in 9 hrs brings city to halt; Ggn down under again
TIMES NEWS NETWORK
Waterlogging At Several Places; More Showers Likely Today
Heavy rainfall continued to lash the city on Wednesday causing waterlogging and traffic snarls at various places. The maximum temperature recorded was at 32 degrees Celsius, two notches below normal.
The capital saw 28mm rainfall in a 9-hour period. Met officials forecast more rain for Thursday morning, followed by clear weather in the next few days.
The Safdarjung observatory, which is taken as the base for Delhi's weather, recorded just 5.6mm rainfall in a 24-hour period till 8.30am on Wednesday , followed by 28mm rainfall in the next 9 hours. This brought down the maximum temperature by two notches, however, the minimum temperature was recorded at 28 degrees Celsius, one degree above normal. Humidity continued to remain high, oscillating between 78% and 97% in the past 24 hours according to Met officials. Delhi's weather stations at Lodhi road, Ridge, Ayanagar and Najafgarh all received over 10mm rainfall in a 9hour period from 8.30am to 5.30pm on Wednesday .
Meanwhile in NCR, mode rate showers--just over 32mm--lasted for a few hours from around 11am, to wreak havoc across Gurgaon, laying bare tall claims of the authorities, regarding measures they had taken to counter monsoon rain damage this year.
Kerala. 20-40cm rain, major landslides, 2019
Heavy rain, ranging from 20-40cm, continued to batter parts of Kerala on Friday, taking the death toll in the last three days to 28. The toll could rise significantly as at least 40 people are feared trapped under the debris in major landslides in Wayanad and Malappuram.
So far, over 64,000 people have been shifted to relief camps, with the scenes of distress and destruction in several parts of central and northern Kerala eerily reminiscent of the unprecedented floods that ravaged the state around the same time in 2018.
Puthumala near Meppadi in Wayanad, was one of the worst-hit places in the state.
Flight operations at Cochin International Airport Ltd were suspended till Sunday after floodwaters inundated the apron area (parking). The airport would remain closed till 3pm on Sunday, an official press release said. Train services along the Alappuzha route were suspended till Saturday, railway sources said.
2018: The Safdarjung observatory recorded 45.4mm of rainfall on Friday, between 8.30am to 5.30pm, while Lodhi road and Ridge recorded 38 and 2.6mm of rainfall respectively during the same period. Officials said parts of southwest Delhi, however, failed to record any rain with both Palam and Ayanagar receiving no rainfall. Delhi’s maximum temperature on Friday was recorded at 35.8 degrees Celsius – one degree above normal. The minimum temperature, meanwhile, was 28.3 degrees C with the humidity levels oscillating between 65 to 100% during the day.
Delhi: 82.11mm rain / 2014
(Early 21st century record) Highest rain in a single day :August 11, 2014, when 82.11mm rainfall was recorded.
Bengaluru: Monday rain highest for August in 127 years
TNN | Updated: Aug 16, 2017, 08:56 AM IST
Bengaluru received 128.7 mm of rainfall, the highest in a day since 1890, according to the Met department.
The highest-ever rainfall recorded in the city in a day was on August 27, 1890, when Bengaluru received 162.1mm of rain.
BENGALURU: When Bengaluru went to sleep on Monday night, the city had received 44.8mm of rain for August. When it woke up on Tuesday morning, that figure had risen by 128.7mm - the highest rainfall in a day since 1890, according to the Met department. It made up nearly 88% of the rain expected over the entire month, pouring down on the city from 11pm on Monday to 4am on Tuesday.
The highest-ever rainfall recorded in the city in a day was on August 27, 1890, when Bengaluru received 162.1mm of rain. According to the Karnataka State Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSDMC), that record was broken on Tuesday. It said the city received 184cm of rain since Monday night, the highest being recorded in Bilekahalli.
The overnight rain flooded several parts of the city, submerging parking lots and entire road stretches, and snapped power in vast swathes since the early hours of Tuesday. The Yediyur lake breached a retaining wall, while foam from the Bellandur lake flowed to neighbouring localities. Over 40 rescue boats came out in ST Bed area of Koramangala, while the fire department was called to flush out water from apartments in HSR Layout, Koramangala, Jayanagar and Bannerghatta Road, among other areas. At least 26 trees were uprooted. Wildlife volunteers received panic calls as snakes entered homes in Rajarajeshwari Nagar, JP Nagar, Nagarabhavi, Thanisandra, Uttarahalli and Puttenahalli.
South Bengaluru, home to IT majors and startups, was the worst affected. BTM Layout, Bilekahalli, Koramangala, Arakere, Pattabhiramanagar and Sampangiramanagar received 12.4cm of rain or more overnight.
Delhi/ Safdarjung, 1991: 39.7 degrees.
Delhi, 2014: 38.4°C, hottest August day since 2002, five notches above normal. This was because of no rains.
Delhi/ Palam, 2014:: 39.5 degrees
Rain brings relief, mercury to fall further in next 3 days
Several parts of the city witnessed strong showers on Wednesday following the maximum temperature of 35.8 degrees Celsius during the the day, but it also led to waterlogging and traffic snarls.
The Safdarjung observatory recorded “traces” of rainfall between 8.30am and 5.30pm. However, the Ridge weather station received 42.3mm of rainfall during this period. Other stations like Ayanagar and Lodhi Road received 12.2mm and 0.9mm of rainfall, respectively.
The maximum rainfall of 61mm was recorded at Najafgarh on Wednesday in the nine-hour period. Rainfall between 15.6mm and 64.4mm is considered “moderate” according to IMD.
Delhi’s humidity continued to stay on the higher side hovering between 60-80%. The traffic police said waterlogging was recorded on stretches like Netaji Subhash Marg, Dwarka Mor, Najafgarh-Nangloi Road, New Moti Nagar flyover, Madhuban Chowk, Punjabi Bagh and Moti Nagar.
2018: Rain provides short-lived relief from sultry weather
Waterlogging Adds To Woes Of Commuters
Strong showers lashed the capital on Thursday morning with Delhiites receiving a temporary respite from the sultry weather before humidity levels shot up once again. The Safdarjung observatory received just 0.3mm of rainfall till 8.30am and another 4.8mm in the next nine hours. Ridge and Najafgarh stations received the most rain till 8.30 am recording 48mm and 62mm of rainfall, respectively, during this period. Both locations recorded another 18.4 and 2mm of rainfall in the next nine hours, officials said.
Delhi, 2014: 38.4°C The Times of India
Delhi/ Safdarjung, 2014: 39.1 degrees Celsius, five notches above normal, the highest for the month of August since 1991. Because of the absence of rain for more than two weeks. The rise in temperatures wass a result of a combination of factors, officials said. Delhi had been witnessing unusually clear skies and the winds had been westerly. "As opposed to moisture-laden easterly winds from Bay of Bengal that are common during the monsoon season, the westerlies are dry. Pollution levels are not too high as well, so the sunlight reaching the city is bright and hot. This is the prime reason for high temperatures," said a Met official.
Delhi, Palam, 2014: 40.7 degrees Celsius, the highest since 1988.
==Gurgaon/ 128 mm rainfall/ 2018
28 Aug 2018 Gurugram got 128 mm of rainfall in less than six hours — the highest in the last eight years, said Deputy Commissioner Vinay Pratap Singh.
Office-goers faced nightmarish commute as underpasses and roads remain waterlogged for several hours
Light rain began around 2 a.m. and turned into a downpour between 5 a.m. and 8 a.m. The Gurugram-Delhi Expressway was the worst hit with traffic moving at a snail’s pace till late in the afternoon. Hero Honda Chowk, the perennial flooding point on the expressway, was again inundated. The newly-constructed underpass at the chowk was completely submerged.
In a rerun of the monster jam witnessed in Gurugram in 2016. More than three hours after the rains stopped around 8 a.m., all major intersections of the city: Rajiv Chowk, IFFCO Chowk, Netaji Subhash Chowk, Signature Towers, Atul Kataria Chowk and Hero Honda Chowk, were waterlogged leading to long traffic snarls.Motorists travelling from Jharsa Chowk to HUDA City Centre through Signature Towers had a tough time as they remained stuck for around an hour.
Similarly, the stretch extending from HUDA City Centre metro station to Netaji Subhash Chowk on Sohna Road also witnessed major congestion. Besides the internal roads in Sector 15 Part-II, stretches in Sectors 14, 23, 24, 46, 29, 44, 45, 46 and DLF areas were also flooded.
29 Aug 2017
Mumbai, 151.8mm rainfall/ 2017
The maximum city came to a complete standstill on Tuesday 29 Aug 2017 when an unabating downpour lashed Mumbai, inundating roads, causing traffic snarls and stranding commuters. Though there were no casualties — unlike in the case of the 2005 deluge — the impact on the city residents’ life was no less.
The showers threw regular life out of gear, with several parts of the city getting flooded; road and railway services being hit badly; water entering houses and hospitals; and hapless people being stranded across the city. According to the India meteorological department, the Santa Cruz weather station recorded 88.4 mm of rainfall in the suburbs in the last 24 hours.
The Colaba weather station recorded 151.8mm of rainfall during the same time period. As per the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation’s automatic weather stations, from 8 am to 6 pm, the city area received 173.4mm of rainfall, whereas the eastern and western suburbs witnessed 193.85 mm and 192.77 mm of rainfall respectively.
Weather officials believe this is the heaviest and longest bout of rain since July 26, 2005 when the city was ravaged by floods.
As the rain’s fury kept increasing on Tuesday, it had huge impact on city life as several low-lying areas like Sion, Chunabhatti, Pratiksha Nagar, Hindmata, Chembur, Dadar TT, Matunga, Maheshwari Udyan, Parel, Mahim Subway, Prabhadevi, Bandra, Kurla, Vidyavihar, Powai, Santa Cruz, Juhu, Malad went underwater quickly. At many places, the water rose up to waist-level.
“It looked like 26 July had revisited the city. There was water everywhere in Central Mumbai. The entire Sion-Parel belt had gone underwater, making residents jittery. The rising water levels added to their fear. In Parsee Colony and Matunga, water had entered in several houses,” said civic activist Nikhil Desai from King’s Circle.
All major roads such as the Western Express Highway, Eastern Express Highway, Jogeshwari-Vikhroli Link Road, Santa Cruz-Kurla Link Road, Babasaheb Ambedkar Road and Lal Bhahadur Shastri Road witnessed huge traffic jams. At several places, vehicular traffic was diverted due to water-logging. South-bound traffic towards Matunga was diverted to Wadala due to water-logging on the Eastern Express Highway at Amar Mahal Junction, S.G. Barve Road and V.N. Purav Road in Chembur.
The BMC authorities asked people to stay indoors, but it was too late for most, who had to wade through dirty brown waters to offices. At some places, vehicles could barely be seen above the waterline. There were also the only-too-familiar sights of thick branches nestling on shattered windshields or dented car tops.
On Tuesday afternoon, traffic was closed on the Bandra-Worli Sealink due to heavy water-logging at its Worli end. Poor visibility and high velocity winds further made the sealink unsafe as motorists complained of cars getting buffeted around by the wind.
As the water-logging was cleared, police finally allowed vehicular movement on the sealink.
Delhi, 31.9 °C/ 12mm rain; 2018
The Times of India: The capital witnessed strong showers for a second straight day on Wednesday, with waterlogging and traffic snarls recorded on a number of stretches in the afternoon. The maximum temperature was recorded at 31.9 degrees — three notches below normal for the season.
The Safdarjung observatory recorded 12mm of rainfall till 8.30 am on Wednesday, while another 0.4mm of rain was recorded in the next nine hours. The Ridge observatory received the highest rainfall with 41.8mm of rainfall recorded between 8.30am to 5.30 pm, officials said. Other locations like Palam, Lodhi road and Ridge received 17.7, 0.5 and 0.4mm of rainfall respectively during the same period.
Sep 01 2017 : The Times of India (Delhi)
City searches for answers after 60mm of rain
TIMES NEWS NETWORK
Wettest Day Of Season Leaves Many Stranded
Delhi saw its wettest day of the season with 60.6mm of rainfall in a 12-hour period bringing traffic to a standstill as major intersections saw waterlogging and chaos. Met officials forecast more rainfall for Friday with light to moderate showers expected. Some parts of the city may even receive heavy rainfall.
The capital had received only 3.8mm of rainfall in a 24-hour period from 8.30am on Wednesday . The strong showers saw maximum temperature being recorded at 32.2 degrees Celsius, two notches below normal for the season. Similar rainfall activity was recorded across parts of the capital with weather stations at Palam, Lodhi Road, Ridge, Ayanagar and Najafgarh all receiving over 20mm of rainfall in a 9-hour period from 8.30am to 5.30pm on Thursday . Palam recorded 23.8mm of rainfall during this period with Lodhi Road, Ridge, Ayanagar and Najafgarh receiving 42.6mm, 22.6mm, 35.3mm and 39mm of rainfall respectively. Meanwhile Noida and Faridabad received 10mm and 54mm of rainfall during the same period.
“There will be light to moderate rainfall activity with some parts receiving heavy rainfall on Friday. We also expect rain to take place on September 2 after which the weather may clear a bit,“ said a RWFC official.
Delhi's minimum temperature was recorded at 26.6 degrees Celsius on Thursday while humidity oscillated between 76 to 100%, met officials added.
“Humidity is likely to stay high on Friday , however the maximum temperature should drop due to the rain,“ added an official.
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