March weather in India
This is a collection of articles, mainly from the Delhi- based press.
This page is under construction. Data will continue to be added over the next several years.
March as a whole
Delhi, 1992-2018: March getting warmer
[Amit.Bhattacharya |Delhi feels the heat: Warmest March in 8 yrs @timesgroup.com The Times of India] 2018
New Delhi: Day temperatures in the capital have remained the highest in years for the third month in a row, with March setting an eightyear heat record as rains continued to remain elusive in the region.
The average maximum temperature during [March 2018] was 3.3 degrees Celsius higher than normal. Higher-than-normal day temperatures prevailed on 30 out of 31 days during the month while the normal minimums were breached on 26 days.
The data comes on the back of high day temperatures seen in January and February . Both months were the warmest seen in the capital in 12 years. With this, all three months of the year have been unusually warm in Delhi. With IMD forecasting a sizzling summer ahead for the region, heat records could well keep tumbling.
March getting warmer every year, reveal data
The average maximum temperature of 32.9 degrees Celsius during March 2018 the month was the highest since 2010, when it had reached 33.8 degrees C. Data since 1992 reveal that maximum temperatures in March have been steadily rising, a trend that could be linked to global warming.
Rainfall during March
Another trend that continued from the previous months was below-normal rainfall. March saw zero rain for the first time since 2010 (although trace rain was recorded on March 21 2018).
“The warm days were a result of lack of moisture and practically no clouds during the period. An anti-cyclonic wind pattern set in during the last week that further ramped up temperatures,” said Kuldeep Srivastava, head of IMD’s Regional Weather Forecasting Centre.
Clear sky conditions during March 2018 also meant that nights remained cooler than normal. “Surface heat gets quickly dispersed into the atmosphere under cloudless conditions, leading to cool nights,” said Srivastava.
Delhi normally gets around 16mm of rainfall during March. In 2015, the city received 97.2mm of rain which was the highest ever for the month. Lack of rain during March this year also follows the trend of the past three months, with the entire northern region facing a massive rain and snowfall deficit for the period.
Delhi, north India/ 2019 coldest March since 1998
Despite a sharp rise in temperatures in the last few days, Delhiites enjoyed the coolest March weather in 21 years as winter persisted well into the month this year with the mercury staying below normal till the 20th.
The mean maximum temperature during the month was 28.2 degrees Celsius, 1.4 degrees below normal, as per the met department’s recordings at Safdarjung. The last time Delhi had a lower mean maximum in March was in 1998 (27.9 degrees Celsius). The mean maximum in March 2015 was the same as this year.
The minimum temperature trends were even more unusual. At 13.8 degrees C, the mean minimum temperature during the month was 1.8 degrees below normal. It was the lowest recorded in March in at least 28 years for which met records were readily available, although in 1998 the mean minimum was the same as this year.
Monthly mean temperatures provide a snapshot of weather conditions during a period and are calculated by averaging the daily maximum and minimum temperatures during the month.
March in Delhi, and much of north India, is usually a month of transition when winter gives way to summer, with a brief spring thrown in. The transition this year was quite rapid. Temperatures remained consistently below normal till a couple of days before Holi (March 21), when the maximum breached the normal mark for the first time in 26 days. On Holi, the minimum rose above normal, again for the first time in 25 days.
Interestingly, the transition took place around the spring equinox (March 21 in Delhi), when the sun crosses over into the northern hemisphere, along with a rise in solar heat.
“Winter persisted for a longer period in north India mainly due to continuing snowfall in the hills. In the first half of March, western disturbances (WDs) were usually impacting the hill states but not the plains. These brought some snow and rain in the mountains, which kept the northern plains cool through northerly wind flows,” said B P Yadav, head of IMD’s Regional Meteorological Centre.
Yadav says the pattern changed in the last 10 days of March. “There were three back-to-back WDs during this period that also impacted the plains. Although Delhi-NCR didn’t get much rain during these disturbances, the wind flows changed to southerly and southwesterly. These are warmer winds that had an immediate effect on the region. In cool conditions, advent of heat raises temperatures sharply,” the official said.
The month began with the lowest temperature (6.8 degrees Celsius) recorded in March in at least 27 years. It ended with the warmest March day (39.2 degrees Celsius) in the capital since 2010. The contrast couldn’t have been sharper.
Rainfall during the month of March was 14.1mm, slightly below normal (15.9mm).
Delhi, 1999- 2018: The hottest March days
See graphic, '1999- 2018: The hottest March days in Delhi'
2010-2019: Hottest March days in Delhi
On the 28th March 2018 Delhi had recorded 40.6°C at Palam. 39.2°C in March 2010 and 2019 In March 2018, the highest maximum temperature was recorded at 38.6° Celsius [at Safdarjang], while it was 38.3° C in March 2017.
West Bengal, 2019: coldest March since 2009
Due to high pressure over the Bay of Bengal, Kolkata experienced its first Nor’wester of the season, sharply bringing the temperature down in March. Thus, the city is experiencing its coldest days and nights in March over the last decade, according to the Kolkata meteorological centre.
The early half of February saw humidity in the air. This had led to record rainfall in and around Kolkata, according to weather reports.
The city saw a record minimum temperature of 15.5 degrees Celsius. The closest to this temperature was in 2011, when the mercury plummeted to 15.7 deg C in March.
Siliguri saw the mercury dipping to 9.8 degrees, Purulia 11.4 and Sriniketan 11.8 respectively.
Gurgaon 6°C, Delhi 6.8°C mn, coldest March in 20 years/ 2019
Cold wave conditions continued in the capital for the second day, with the minimum temperature on Friday remaining six notches below normal at 6.8 degrees C, making it the coldest day in March in at least 20 years for which The Times of India scanned weather records.
It was even colder in Gurgaon, where 6 degrees C was recorded.
In Delhi, Jafarpur and Mungeshpur recorded 6.4 degrees Celsius.
North India has been experiencing more western disturbances than normal for this time of the year. “The temperatures are extremely low for this time of the season and at their lowest for at least the past 20 years,” said a senior Met official.
Delhi’s maximum, too, was recorded below normal at 24.1 degrees Celsius — three notches below the normal. Relative humidity oscillated between 36% and 97%, an official said.
The high moisture content in the air led to deterioration of Delhi’s air quality into the ‘poor’ category again, according to Central Pollution Control Board readings.
Delhi, 19°C, lowest mx in March/ 2015
2015 the maximum had fallen to 19°C on March 2.
Delhi, 19.3°C mx/ 2019
Rain, hailstorm likely to make it a wet Sunday
TIMES NEWS NETWORK
An overcast sky and light showers made the day temperature plummet to 19.3°C, eight notches below the normal for this time of the season. It was also the lowest maximum temperature recorded in March since 2015
Delhi, 22.7°C mx, 11.5°C mn, 9.6mm rain/ 2019
Chill remains, rain cleans up city air TIMES NEWS NETWORK
The maximum temperature on Sunday reached 22.7° Celsius, four notches below the normal, while the minimum temperature was recorded at 11.5, two degree Celsius below the normal.
The city received light showers till 8.30am on Sunday with 9.6mm rain being recorded. Till 5.30pm since then, 0.2mm rain was recorded.
Delhi, fog (50m RVR) diverts, delays flights, trains/ 2019
Owing to low visibility, several flyers were stranded at Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport on Monday, as flights were delayed and many diverted to nearby airports due to fog. Rail operations too were hit, with trains running 1-2 hours late in the early hours. Officials at the airport said that the low visibility procedures were implemented at 5.28am and is still on.
According to officials, 10 domestic airlines and one international flight had to be diverted and over 100 flights were delayed by many hours. .
Ten flights were diverted from Delhi airport in the morning due to fog, an airport official said. “These flights were diverted between 7.45am and 9.45am,” the official said. A minimum runway visual range (RVR) of 50metre is required for a flight to land safely, however, it needs to be CAT III-B compliant. The minimum RVR for take-off is 125m.
Railway officials, meanwhile, said trains were slowed down due to low visibility.
Delhi, 22.8mx, 12°C mn, fog delays 100 flights, some trains/ 2019
The maximum and minimum temperatures on Tuesday were 22.8 degrees Celsius, four notches below normal, and 12 degrees Celsius, one point below normal, respectively.
The fog in Delhi is going to stay for some time. On Tuesday again, more than 100 flights were delayed and five were diverted to nearby locations. Operation of trains was affected as well. An airport official said that “there has been low visibility due to fog since 6.31am on Tuesday. Five flights have been diverted till 8.20am.”
Delhi, 4.4°C mn/ 1945
The city’s all-time low (for March) is 4.4 degrees Celsius on March 6, 1945.
Mumbai, 33.7°C mx, 21.6°C mn, 2018
With easterly winds continuing to bring in warm air and the sea breeze setting in late, maximum temperatures remained above normal on Tuesday. Weathermen said temperatures will rise further on Wednesday.
On Tuesday, the IMD Santacruz observatory saw a maximum temperature of 33.7 degrees Celsius, 0.9 degrees above normal, and a minimum of 21.6 degrees Celsius, 1.8 degrees above normal, which the IMD Colaba observatory recorded a maximum temperature of 31.4 degrees Celsius, 0.2 degrees above normal, and a minimum of 24 degrees Celsius, 2.4 degrees above normal. Humidity at Colaba and Santacruz was 66% and 35%. TNN
Delhi, 28.4°C mx, 12.4°C mn, 0.6mm rain, 2019
Strong showers lashed parts of the capital in th evening, bringing down mercury by several notches as air quality remained in the “moderate” category on CPCB’s index. According to officials from the regional met department, parts of northern India saw light rain due to an active western disturbance, Delhi recorded a maximum of 28.4 degrees Celsius on Monday — one degree below normal. The minimum was recorded at 12.4 degrees Celsius — two notches below normal for this time of the season. Till 8.30pm on Monday, Safdarjung station had recorded 0.6mm of rainfall, while Palam had received 0.3mm of rain in the same period.
Delhi, 24.6°C/ 11.8°C; 0.8mm rainfall; humidity 54>98%/ 2019
Light showers on Thursday evening led to a drop in both the maximum and minimum temperature. Delhi’s maximum temperature was recorded at 24.6 degrees Celsius — five notches below normal for this time of the season. The minimum, too, remained below normal and was recorded at 11.8 degrees Celsius. According to officials from the regional Met department, the capital recorded 0.8mm of rainfall between 8.30am to 5.30pm with the humidity levels oscillating between 54 and 98 percent in the last 24 hours. “Palam, Lodhi Road, Ridge and Ayanagar stations all recorded very light rain during the day. Temperatures have dropped due to the showers.,” the official added.
Delhi: 25.8°C/ 10.4°C; humidity 49%> 93%; 0.9mm rain/ 2019
Light showers were recorded on Thursday. Delhi recorded 0.9mm of rain until 8.30am as both minimum and maximum temperatures fell.
Delhi’s minimum temperature on Friday was recorded at 10.4 degrees Celsius — five notches below normal, while the maximum temperature was recorded at 25.8 degrees Celsius — three degrees below normal. The humidity levels, meanwhile, oscillated between 49% and 93%.
Delhi, 26.4°C/ 12.5°C; humidity 44>95%/ 2019
Warm weather may well and truly be here Delhi recorded a maximum of 26.4 degrees Celsius on Saturday — three notches below normal for this time of the season. Delhi recorded a minimum of 12.5 degrees Celsius on Saturday, while the humidity levels oscillated from 44 to 95%.
Kerala (Pathanamthitta, Kozhikode, Malappuram): First ever sunburn outbreak in March/ 2019
As the mercury kept rising, at least 58 people suffered sunburns across various districts in the state. Most cases were reported from Pathanamthitta, Kozhikode and Malappuram districts.
This is the first time such high number of sunstroke cases have been reported from the state in the month of March.
19 people have reportedly been hospitalised in Pathanamthitta district in the last few weeks while 17 are having treatment in Kozhikode while Malappuram has recorded 13 such cases.
Health department has warned people not to engage in physical labour between 11 am and 3 pm.
Delhi/ 31.8 C mx, 12.8°C mn/ 2019
Safdarjung, the city’s main weather station, recorded a high of 31.8 degrees C on Tuesday, one notch above normal. This was the first time since February 21 that the temperature crossed the normal for the day — underscoring just how mild the month of March has been in the capital so far. “The rise in day temperatures is in association with an approaching western disturbance,” said B P Yadav, head of IMD’s Regional Meteorological Centre in the capital. The minimum on Tuesday was 12.8 degrees C, a good four notches below normal.
Delhi, light rain: 2018
New Delhi: The capital saw light rain on 20 March night, which saw the mercury levels drop by a couple of degrees. Delhi’s,
Delhi, 34.1°C, 2019
The season’s highest temperature so far: 34.1 degrees Celsius,
Delhi, 33.2°C mx, humidity 27 >72 %, 2018
2018: Delhi maximum temperature was around 33.2 degrees Celsius on Wednesday The Safdarjung observatory recorded “traces” of rain overnight (20/ 21 March), while similar activity was observed across parts of south Delhi. The city’s humidity, meanwhile, oscillated between 27 and 72 percent on Wednesday.
Delhi, 39.2°C, abnormally hot, 2010
2010, the maximum touched 39.2 degrees Celsius on March 22.
Kerala, high temperatures 40.2°C , sunstroke, water shortage/ 2019
The maximum temperature was the highest in Palakkad (40.2 degrees Celsius) and Punalur (38) on Sunday. The temperature was relatively high across the state on the day, with three suspected sunstroke cases reported. There is also a steady rise in the number of sunburn cases reported.
“Wind pattern and pressure are factors determining the temperature. Rain could have reduced the temperature,” an official said. Two men sustained sunburns in separate incidents in Alappuzha on Sunday.
KWA seeks police protection for reservoirs
Kerala Water Authority (KWA) has sought police protection for seven check dams fearing theft of water and unauthorized fishing in Palakkad. The structures are seven comprehensive drinking water sources of more than two lakh people in Chittur, Palakkad and Alathur taluks.
In a letter to district collector, KWA executive engineer R Jayachandran requested for regular police posts at Kunnamkattupathy regulatorcum-reservoir, Aryampallam, Thottupalam, Anajam Mayil, Kannadi, Thirunellai and Njavalinkadavu check dams in view of precarious water situation. A section of farmers was pumping stored water to irrigate coconuts plantations, it said. “There were incidents of anti-social elements releasing water from reservoirs for facilitating fishing activities using chemicals,” read the letter.
Delhi, mx under 30°C, mn 17.6°C, humidity 35> 79%, 2019
A brief drop in mercury with the maximum temperature touching 30 degrees Celsius on MondayThe capital saw strong surface winds with isolated parts recording light rain during the day, as maximum temperature settled at 30.4 degrees Celsius. Parts of Delhi saw a trace of rainfall Delhi’s minimum temperature, meanwhile, was recorded at 17.6 degrees Celsius — one degree above normal for this time of the season, with relative humidity oscillating between 35% and 79%. Officials said the city had an increase in moisture content, strong surface winds kept the air quality in the ‘moderate’ category.
Delhi, 40.6°C, hottest March day in 8 years/ 2018
2018: 40.6°C on hottest March day in 8 yrs
Relief Of 2-3 Days Likely But Temperatures Set To Rise Thereafter: Met Dept
TIMES NEWS NETWORK
New Delhi: In line with expectations of an early and hot summer, temperatures in the capital soared to an eightyear high for the month of March on Wednesday, with the mercury hitting 40 degrees Celsius for the first time in the season at Palam.
The day’s maximum temperature at Palam was 40.6 degrees C while Safdarjung recorded 38.6 degrees. Both were the highest recorded March temperatures at the respective stations since 2010. The readings were as much as eight degrees above normal at Palam and seven at Safdarjung.
Officials from the Regional Weather Forecasting Centre (RWFC) in Delhi said the temperature rise over the last few days has been due to clear skies and a reduction in wind speeds, further aided by anti-cyclonic dry winds from Rajasthan.
“The maximum is currently around 7 degrees above normal for this time of the season, mainly due to a reduction in wind speed over the last few days and clear skies. Delhi is seeing anti-cyclonic winds at the lower level from Rajasthan which is then turning towards UP through Delhi,” said Kuldeep Srivastava, scientist at RWFC.
Stations across the city recorded similarly high temperatures on Wednesday, with the mercury touching 39.9 degrees at Ridge and 39.2 at Ayanagar.
Delhi, 35.5°C/ 16.2°C, humidity 32%>92%/ 2019
Delhi recorded the hottest day of the season so far with the maximum temperature touching 35.5 degrees Celsius on Thursday — three notches above normal for this time of the season. According to officials from the regional meteorological department, an active western disturbance is also passing through Delhi that has increased the moisture content. Delhi’s minimum temperature on Thursday was recorded at 16.2 degrees Celsius, while relative humidity oscillated between 32% and 92% in the last 24 hours.
Delhi, 39.2°C/ 20.2°C, abnormally hot, 2019
The capital recorded the warmest March day in nine years as the mercury touched 39.2 degrees Celsius — seven notches above normal for this time of the season. [Indpaedia: On the 28th March 2018 Delhi had recorded 40.6°C] ] The mercury aided by high humidity levels, which eventually led to a spell of very light rain in the evening in some parts of the city, Met officials said.
The evening drizzle occurred due to a passing western disturbance.
The minimum temperature, too, remained above normal on Saturday and was recorded at 20.2° Celsius, with the relative humidity oscillating between 26 and 87 percent in the last 24 hours. “There was light rain in the evening, with some parts recording just a trace.,” the official added.
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