November weather in India
This is a collection of articles, mainly from the Delhi- based press.
This page is under construction. Data will continue to be added over the next several years.
The warmest Novembers in India
2015, 1979, 2019
[2019 saw] the third warmest November in India since 1901, with warmer than usual nights due to recurrent spells of rain and cloud cover. The mean temperature in India in November was 0.72 degree Celsius higher than normal (climatological mean). The warmest November was in 2015, when mean temperature was 0.87 degree C higher.
Clouding trapped heat, led to warmer November
India witnessed its second warmest November in 1979, when mean temperatures were 0.86 degrees higher than normal.
“When only the average minimum temperature is considered, November this year was the second-warmest since 1901,” said Arvind Kumar Srivastava, head of IMD Pune’s Climate Research Division.
The average minimum temperature last month was higher than normal by 1.5 degrees, while November 1979 witnessed an increase of 1.64 degrees. In Delhi, the mean minimum temperature during the month was 2.1 degrees C above the climatological mean.
Alka Gadgil, climatologist and professor emeritus, Savitribai Phule Pune University, said that the frequency and influence of low-pressure systems and cyclones over both Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal was high this November, “causing significant nighttime clouding in parts of the country.” The presence of moisture near the surface during the night traps heat, preventing its escape into the atmosphere.
In Delhi the lowest November  minimum was 11.4°C, when usually it falls below 10°C.
Novembers in Delhi
Temperatures, 1938, 2001, 2010-18
Minimum temperatures are set to rise over the next few days [in 2019] under the influence of a western disturbance that may also bring a spell of light rain in Delhi on November 26 and 27. This means that you may have to wait a bit longer for the chill to set in.
Delhi recorded its lowest temperature this season [in 2019] at 11.4 degrees Celsius on November 20. However, it was unlikely to go below that mark this November, Met officials said. Historical data show Delhi generally tends to go below 10 degrees Celsius in November, touching as low as 7.6 degrees Celsius on November 24, 2017. Since 2010, it hasn’t gone below that mark only thrice — in 2018, 2015 and 2011. Met officials said a delayed monsoon this year had also affected the weather pattern. But Delhi was not witnessing any abnormal spell, they added.
“We generally see a drop in the temperatures by the end of November. The mercury dips to 10 degrees or even further by the end of the month. This year, we have seen a few spells of western disturbances influencing the region and leading to a rise in the temperatures. One such spell is expected in the coming days, which will bring rain and a rise in temperatures too,” a Met official said.
In terms of the maximum temperatures, the highest recorded this month was 32.3 degrees Celsius on November 6. This is the second highest in November since 2011, when it was 32.6 degrees Celsius. Historically, the highest maximum recorded in the month was 36.1 degrees in 2001, while the lowest was 3.9 degrees Celsius in 1938.
On 24 Nov 2019, Delhi’s maximum temperature was 26.8 degrees Celsius, while the minimum temperature was recorded at 15.3 degrees.
Kuldeep Srivastava, scientist at IMD, said wind speeds tend to increase when a western disturbance withdraws from an area. On November 26, the increased moisture is likely to bring a spell of very light rain, while another is forecast for November 27. “We will not see any deterioration in the air quality despite the increase in moisture due to the rain as wind speeds will remain good and disperse pollutants. Temperatures, however, are expected to remain between 13 and 15 degrees Celsius and the minimum is expected to fall below 10 degrees Celsius by December only,” Srivastava said.
The lowest maximum temperature
21.3°C: 2010, Nov 25
22°C: 2009, Nov 28: The maximum temperature fell to 22 deg C, the lowest maximum in November in nine years, following two days of light rain, gusty winds and widespread snowfall in the hills. Day temperatures were over 5 degrees lower than the previous day.
Highest rain in a single day for November
452.2mm in 1976
246.15mm in 2015.
180.2mm in 2018
Kargil, minus 5.2°C, 2013
Minus 5.2 degrees: Kargil recorded season's lowest temperature today
Srinagar, snowfall, 2018
2018 Srinagar gets rare November snowfall
Saleem Pandit TNN
Srinagar received its first snowfall of the season on Saturday, causing disturbances in road and air connectivity. According to the meteorological department, this was the first time since 2009 that Srinagar city witnessed snowfall in November.
The higher reaches of J&K, including tourist destinations Gulmarg, Sonamarg and Pahalgam, have been experiencing snow since Friday but it is unusual for the plains to witness such an early onset of snowfall.
Mercury level dipped considerably with the city recording a minimum temperature of minus 1 degree Celsius. The 434-km Srinagar-Leh highway remained closed due to the heavy snowfall for the third consecutive day at Zojilla pass.
Chennai, 74% of NE monsoon rains in 8 days, 2017
74% of NE monsoon rains in 8 days sinks Chennai, kills 12
Rain continued to come down in sheets till late Friday night in Chennai, taking the death toll from the northeast monsoon to 12 so far, and the city's total rainfall to close to three-fourths of the average for a season that has just got started.
The city had by 8.30am on Friday -mostly from a mere eight days since the northeast monsoon set in on October 27 -already recorded 554.2mm of rainfall this year, or 74% of the long-term average of 750mm it receives annually in the rainy season, which the IMD calculates between October 1 and December 15. Chennai had till Friday recorded 441.3mm of rainfall (58.84% of the seasonal average) from the northeast monsoon, Met office data showed.
Nov 3's was Chennai's third-highest rain in a single day for November
Thursday's rain continued on Friday evening after a brief break, leaving the city precariously placed. Several localities reported flooding, especially of interior roads, and the showers hit traffic for a second straight day . Most districts have re corded more than average rainfall for the season so far, the Met office said.
Water levels in temple tanks have started rising after monsoon hit Chennai and its neighbouring districts. A poor monsoon 2016 had left several temple tanks parched, and water in them has been met with enthusiasm among residents, as it also helps recharge groundwater levels.
Snowfall in Kashmir, HP, Uttarakhand/ 2019
This was the season’s second, not first, snowfall in Kashmir, HP, Uttarakhand/ 2019. It was the first in Srinagar city. Srinagar recorded 1 foot of snow, while Gulmarg and Pahalgam recorded 2 feet.
Delhi: 0.8mm rain, 23.4 °C/ 18.2 °C, 2019
There was light rain in several parts of the capital on Thursday, leading to a maximum temperature of 23.4 degrees Celsius that was six degrees below normal for this time of the year. At 18.2 degrees Celsius, the minimum was, however, four notches above normal.
“Delhi is currently seeing easterly winds, but cold northwesterly winds will start blowing again after 48 hours. This will bring the minimum temperature down to 14 degrees by Sunday,” said Kuldeep Srivastava, an IMD scientist.
According to the regional meteorological centre in Delhi, the Safdarjung observatory — considered the base for Delhi’s weather — recorded 0.8mm rainfall till 5.30pm, while Lodhi Road, Ridge and Ayanagar received 0.7, 0.6 and 2mm, respectively. Palam recorded the highest rainfall in Delhi at 3.4mm. The relative humidity oscillated between 64% and 87% in the past 24 hours.
While the minimum temperature at Safdarjung was 18.2 degrees Celsius, other stations recorded an even lower minimum temperature due to the rain. While it fell to 14.2 degrees Celsius at Ayanagar, the Lodhi Road station recorded the minimum at 16.4.
Delhi: 11.4 °C mn, 2019
Delhi recorded its lowest temperature [in the 2019] season [till then] at 11.4 degrees Celsius on November 20.
Delhi: 26.5°C/ 7.6°C, 2017
Amit.Bhattacharya @timesgroup.com The Times of India 25 Nov 2017
At 7.6°C, capital gets coldest November morning in 11 years
New Delhi: Delhiites woke up to the coldest November morning in 11years, with the city’s main weather station recording a minimum temperature of 7.6 degrees Celsius, a sharp two-degree drop from the previous day.
The last time Delhi saw a colder day in November was in 2006, when the Safdarjung station had recorded 7.3 degrees C. Wednesday’s minimum was four degrees less than normal.
The Met office said the morning chill was caused by a pick-up in cold northwesterly winds, combined with clear conditions. “These winds are bringing in the cold from J&K and Himachal Pradesh which have seen snowfall recently. The wind speeds picked up last night, reaching up to 15kmph,” said Kuldeep Srivastava, senior scientist at IMD’s Regional Weather Forecasting Centre.
A cold wave is declared when the minimum temperature is at least 4.4 degrees below normal.
The maximum temperature on Friday was 26.5 degrees C, which is normal for this time of the year. There was an almost 19-degree difference in day and night temperatures, which is typical during clear conditions in winter.
Minimum temperatures, on the other hand, have been steadily falling over the past few days. The minimum on 21 Nov was 10.2 degrees C, nearly four degrees above Friday’s reading. This fall has come in the wake of a WD passing through the region.
WDs are weather disturbances that bring cold, and usually moist, winds from southern Europe and west Asia into north India. These disturbances regulate winter weather in northern India, bringing snow to the western Himalayas and, at times, wet spells in the northern plains.
Delhi: min 10.4°C, 2018
2018 Delhi The capital recorded its coldest morning of the season so far on Sunday with a minimum temperature of 10.4 degrees Celsius — one degree below normal for this time of the season
Delhi: 21.3°C mx temp: 2010
21.3°C maximum temperature: 2010, Nov 25
Delhi: 22°C mx, 2019
22°C: 2009, 28 Nov: The maximum temperature fell to 22 deg C, the lowest maximum in November in nine years, following two days of light rain, gusty winds and widespread snowfall in the hills. Day temperatures were over 5 degrees lower than the previous day.
“When maximum temperature goes down, we feel the chill as the impact is during the day around 2.30pm to 4.30pm. Few days back, the minimum temperature went down to the season’s lowest. But we didn’t feel that as much as we did today. Cloudy sky over the city, along with rains and hailstorms in the surrounding regions and gusty winds (35 km/hour), have brought down the maximum temperature,” Kuldeep Srivastava, a senior scientist at the India Meteorological Department, told TOI.
The minimum temperature was 16.2 degree Celsius, six notches above normal.
Historical data show Delhi generally tends to go below 10 degrees Celsius in November.
“We generally see a drop in the temperatures by the end of November. The mercury dips to 10 degrees or even further by the end of the month. This year, we have seen a few spells of western disturbances influencing the region and leading to a rise in the temperatures. However, on Saturday, the minimum temperature might go down to 10 degrees Celsius, while by December 2-3, it will go down to 9 degrees,” the official said.
Earlier, in the early hours, rain was witnessed in many parts of the city. Safdurjung recorded trace rainfall till 8.30 in the morning, while Palam recorded 0.8mm. Lodhi Road recorded trace, Ridge 3mm, Jafarpur 7mm, Narela 1mm, while Pusa saw 3mm rain.
Delhi: season’s first fog/ 2019
The capital witnessed its first spell of ‘dense’ fog for this season on Saturday. The visibility, which was zero for nearly two hours at Palam in the morning, led to disruption in flight activity at IGI.
Between 7am and 10am, 15 flights were diverted due to low visibility as they were not CAT III-B compliant, officials said. At Safdarjung, the visibility fell to around 300 metres in the morning.
“Fifteen flights were diverted on Saturday morning and all these diversions were due to flights/ pilots not being CAT-IIIB compliant. Landings were impacted but flights took off normally,” said an official.
Referring to it as a natural phenomenon, officials said such spells generally take place around December first week. Kuldeep Srivastava, scientist at IMD. “Relative humidity was already high and a drop in temperature and inversion height saw visibility drop,” he added.
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