February weather in India
This is a collection of articles, mainly from the Delhi- based press.
This page is under construction. Data will continue to be added over the next several years.
February as a whole
1982-2017: Februaries get warmer
Amit.Bhattacharya | Is this end of winter? 30°C likely today| Rain, Hail May Hit North Over The Weekend But Bypass City The Times of India
Temperatures have been hitting 30 in February with increasing regularity in recent years (see graphic), which could be a sign of a warming trend. Last year, the highest temperature recorded during the month was 32.4 degrees C, an 11-year high. The 25-year record for the highest temperature during the month is 34.1 degrees C (on February 26, 2006).
2014- 2019: coldest, wettest Februaries in Delhi
[In 2019] Delhiites experienced the coolest and wettest February since 2014 with periodic return of chilly conditions that continued till the end of the month, in a weather pattern similar to that seen in January.
The month ended on a particularly chilly note as cold wave conditions developed on 28 Feb, with the minimum temperature plummeting to 6.8°C, six notches below normal.
Met officials said north India continues to be impacted by aftermath of the polar vortex breaking down in the Arctic, which has led to a large number of intense western disturbances (WDs) hitting the region. There were seven in February. “While the season has not seen severe cold spells, temperatures continue to drop every time a WD passes, giving the feel of a long winter,” an official said.
Why Feb had so many wet days, but not heavy rain
Just as in January , [Feb 2019] saw a lot of fairly intense western disturbances (WDs) — low-pressure wind systems that come into north India from the Mediterranean region, bringing in wet weather. Seven WDs impacted the region in February, against a normal of fivesix, the same as in January. This resulted in an unusually high number of nine rainy days during the month, the highest in at least 15 years for which data was scanned.
None of the wet spells resulted in long episodes of heavy rain. The cumulative rainfall in the month was 23.9mm, just 1.8mm higher than normal but nonetheless the highest seen in February since 2014.
“While a high number of WDs hit the region in February drawing moist winds from Arabian Sea, these did not interact with an easterly wave, which brings in moisture from Bay of Bengal. Thus, we saw a large number of rainy days but not very heavy rainfall,” said B P Yadav, head of IMD’s regional meteorological centre.
Temperatures fluctuated in accordance with the movement of the weather disturbances. An approaching WD usually raises temperatures as it draws warmer easterly and southerly winds into the region, and cloudiness makes nights warmer. After the WD has passed, cold northerly and northwesterly winds start blowing, bringing in the chill from the Himalayas.
“As there was very less gap between successive WDs this month, we didn’t have sustained northerly winds and long cold spells, as seen in the second half of December. So, the city didn’t experience very low temperatures,” said M Mohapatra, DGM, IMD.
However, both the mean minimum and maximum temperatures in February —22.5 degrees C and 10.6 degrees Celsius, respectively — were the lowest for the month in five years.
Polar vortex still haunts
In late December , the anti-clockwise current of air spinning around the Arctic region — called the polar vortex — broke down, sending blasts of freezing cold into northern Europe and north America. Its effects have persisted for north India.
“The temperature gradient between areas closer to the Arctic and the mid-latitudes has increased. This has intensified and diversified the mid-latitudinal jet stream winds in the upper atmosphere. That, in turn, have energised the western disturbances that impact north India,” said Mohapatra.
Delhi/ 17.9°C mn/ 2018
Delhi recorded its coldest February day on Saturday in nearly five years with the maximum temperature recorded at 17.9 degrees Celsius — four notches below normal for this time of the season. Dense fog was recorded in parts of the capital on Saturday morning.
Other locations across Delhi recorded a similar maximum with Jafarpur being the coldest at 15 degrees Celsius. Palam and Ayanagar, meanwhile, recorded a maximum of 16.6 and 17.2 degrees Celsius, respectively. Delhi’s humidity levels have been oscillating between 80% and 100% in the last 24 hours.
Delhi, dense fog, 23.2°C mx, 8°C mn, 2019
As dense fog hit the capital on Monday morning, visibility dropped to as low as 50 metres. Over 250 flights were affected and at least 12 trains delayed.
Visibility at Safdarjung was recorded at 200m at 5.30am. It came down to 100m at 8.30am, a Met official said. At Palam, the visibility was 50m between 5.30am and 8.30am.
Delhi’s maximum temperature stood at 23.2 degrees Celsius on Monday, just two days after recording its coldest February day in nearly five years. On Saturday, Delhi’s maximum temperature had fallen to 17.9 degrees Celsius
The minimum temperature was 8 degrees Celsius.
A minimum runway visual range of 50m is required for a flight to land safely. The minimum RVR for takeoff is 125m.
Delhi/ NCR, hailstorm, 19.1°C mx, 15 °C mn, 2019
Hailelujah! Delhi finds itself in eye of a storm Thundershowers, Hail Bring Down Mercury
A spell of rain on Thursday evening, the second of the day, saw parts of Delhi and the National Capital Region enveloped in a blanket of white. The hailstorm gladdened the hearts of people, but disrupted both traffic and flight operations. The accompanying thundershowers brought the mercury plummeting by several degrees. Perhaps the people had not expected the unusual sight of their surroundings covered by hailstones when they woke up to light rain and gradually saw the minimum temperature moving up to 15 degrees Celsius during the day, six notches above normal.
Delhi’s regional Met department attributed the hailstorm to a mixture of factors. “A hailstorm is not unusual for this time of the year,” said B P Yadav, head of IMD’s regional centre. “However, a number of factors contributed to making it severe. There was a confluence of winds coming from Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea which met over northern India. At the same time, jet streams, which are strong winds, were passing over the northern plains and helped in deep cloud formation at the lower level.” Cold winds and low temperatures, with a western disturbance bringing showers over northern India, lead to thundercloud and hail formation.
The maximum temperature in Delhi on Thursday was 19.1 degrees Celsius, four below normal for this time of the season. The capital recorded “trace” rainfall till 8.30 am, but 4.8mm by 8.30 pm. Palam, Lodhi Road and Ridge recorded 3.2mm, 3.8mm and 3.4mm of rainfall, respectively. The humidity levels in the last 24 hours, meanwhile, oscillated between 89 and 100 per cent.
Delhi, rain, 20.6°C mx, 7°C mn, 2019
Delhi recorded a dip of eight degrees on Friday, in terms of minimum temperature settling at 7 degree Celsius, compared to Thursday’s reading of 15 degrees following strong showers and hailstorm in the capital.
The spell of rain also brought down Delhi’s air quality in the “moderate” category with the overall AQI recorded at 144 on Friday. According to the India Meteorological Department,
Delhi’s maximum temperature was recorded at 20.6 degrees Celsius on Friday – three notches below normal for this time of the season. The regional met department said Pusa in Delhi recorded the lowest minimum temperature at 6.5 degrees Celsius, while Mungeshpur recorded the lowest maximum at 18 degrees Celsius.
Safdarjung, considered as the base weather station for Delhi, received 4.8mm of rainfall in a 24-hour period till 8.30 am on Friday. However, officials said Ridge and Palam stations received the most rainfall, recording readings 39.3 and 30.4mm of rainfall respectively.
Delhi/ 15°C mx/ 2018
Delhi had recorded a low maximum temperature on February 15, 2014, when it touched around 15 degrees Celsius, Met officials said.
Delhi/ 32.4°C mx/ 2017
The city recorded 32.4 degrees Celsius on the day last year.
Delhi/ 31.7°C mx/ 2018
2018: At 31.7°C, Delhi sees warmest day in February
New Delhi : Winter may be over with the mercury crossing the 30-degree-Celsius mark for the first time this season. The maximum temperature recorded was 31.7 degrees Celsius – seven notches above normal. It was also the second warmest February 21 in the last decade,
Delhi/ 32.4°C mx/ 2017
The capital recorded a maximum of 32.4 degrees Celsius on February 21, 2017.
Delhi/ 32°C mx/ 2018
2018 This Feb 22 warmest in 10 years: Met
New Delhi: Capital’s mercury levels continued on rise on Thursday, as the maximum temperature touched 32 degrees Celsius, making it the warmest day of the season.
Delhi’s maximum temperature was seven notches above normal. This was also the second warmest February day in the last decade Across the capital, the Ridge station recorded the highest maximum temperature at 32.4 degrees Celsius while Palam touched 32 degrees Celsius. Ridge also recorded the highest minimum temperature at 16.2 degrees Celsius. TNN
Bhira, Maharashtra / 40°C mx/ 2018
2018 It’s still February, but Bhira in Maharashtra has hit 40°C
Bhira, about 100km from Pune, in Maharashtra, recorded a temperature of 40 °C on Friday. An official from India Meteorological Department told TOI that Bhira was currently the only IMD station in the country where the day temperature had soared to such a level.
Delhi, 25.4°C mx, 9.2°C mn, 2019
Temp down, but air deteriorates to ‘poor’
TIMES NEWS NETWORK
Evening showers delay over 100 flights
Strong shower and gusty winds lashed the city on Monday evening, bringing down the temperature by a few degrees. However, as the sky remained overcast through out the day, the air quality deteriorated to the ‘poor’ category due to high moisture.
Following the rain, triggered by a western disturbance, Delhi’s minimum fell to 9.2 degrees Celsius, three notches below normal. The maximum temperature was recorded at 25.4 degrees Celsius
Delhi/ 34.1 °C mx/ 2006
34.1 degrees C (on February 26, 2006): a 25-year record (on the high side).
Delhi, 21°C mx, 8.7°C mn; 2.4mm of rain/ 2019
Rain cools city, improves air; more showers likely today
TIMES NEWS NETWORK
There was light rain in parts of the city on Tuesday evening, accompanied by strong surface winds. The temperature, too, fell in the last 24 hours with the maximum being recorded at 21degrees Celsius — five notches below normal for this time of the season.
The Safdarjung weather station — considered as the base for Delhi’s weather — recorded 2.4mm of rainfall until 8.30am on Tuesday. “Trace” rainfall was also recorded in some locations, met officials added.
The lowest minimum temperature on Tuesday was recorded at Ayanagar at 8.7 degrees Celsius, while the lowest maximum was recorded at Mungeshpur at 19.2 degrees Celsius.
The spell of rain has seen Delhi’s air quality improve to the “moderate” category with an Air Quality Index of 116 — a sharp decline from Monday’s AQI of 217 (poor).
Delhi, 6.8°C mn/ 2019
Minimum temperature plummeted to 6.8°C, six notches below normal
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