Hindi-Urdu songs: 1939

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Contents

History

1939 The linguistic integration of India was a major issue even in 1939. Songs that had lines from five different languages, Mr Da Ranade points out, were common in the Lavani-Powada folk music of Maharashtra. The song Ata kashala udyachi baar from ‚‘Aadmi ‚‘ (1939) was, accordingly, in five languages. Biswas contributed the Bengali line, Kholo, aji kholo, nayan dwar. The Hindi section was Ab kis liye kal ki baat? (Multi-lingual songs would continue to pop up over the decades. In 1949 there was Yeh duniya roop ki from ‚‘Shabnam.‘‘)

The song Tarantarav, from the same film [Aadmi (1939)] consisted of India’s own form of scat singing—mouthing meaningless gibberish. Tarari rarari from Dastan (1950) took the scat tradition forward. In 1997 Nadeem-Shravan ‘were [ahem] inspired by’ Scatman John’s 1995 hit I am a Scatman and came up with the Westernised scat song ‘Pyar pyar karte karte’ for the film Judaai.

A note about the credits

‚‘‘1939 ‚‘‘ Who wrote the song Bhai hum pardesi log hameiñ kaun jãné? For the film Ek Hi Raasta? ‘Geet Kosh’ says, Pt. Indra Chandra. When Shalin Bhatt posted this song on YouTube he, too, gave the same information, but later had second thoughts and wrote, ‘The lyricist here is Kidar Sharma, not Pandit Indra Chandra.’ Indpaedia is sticking with the original.

21 significant Hindi-Urdu songs from 1939

Song

Film

Music

Lyrics

Singer(s)

Ata kashala udyachi baar

Aadmi  @ Life is for Living   

Master Krishna Rao

Munshi Aziz

[Song is not in ‘Geet Kosh’]

Kis liyé kal ki baat

Aadmi  

Master Krishna Rao

Munshi Aziz

Shanta Hublikar

Kis liyé kal ki baat: Kañsãr rãkhiyãñ ghébar tare kãjé (Gujarati)

Aadmi  

Master Krishna Rao

Jeetubhai Mehta

Shanta Hublikar

Kis liyé kal ki baat: Vékh chambépehlãñ pãiyãñ (Punjabi)

Aadmi  

Master Krishna Rao

Abid Gulrez

Shanta Hublikar

Kis liyé kal ki baat: Mañchi-gañdh mainã mallé-pûvu laina (Telugu)

Aadmi  

Prof. V.N. Bhushan

Prof. V.N. Bhushan

Shanta Hublikar

Kis liyé kal ki baat: Kholo aaji kholo nayan duwãr (Bengali)

Aadmi  

Smt. N.C. Ganguli

Anil Biswas

Shanta Hublikar

Kis liyé kal ki baat: Inni-shé gãn-ttil veeNai-yin nãdmum (Tamil)

Aadmi  

S. Ramameertham

Kalyan Sundaram

Shanta Hublikar

Tãrar nãñv nãñv

Aadmi  

Master Krishna Rao

Munshi Aziz

Ram Marathe

Preet mein hai jeevan jokhoñ ki jaisé kolhu meiñ sarsoñ

Dushman

Pankaj Mullick (asstt: Hari Prasann Das)

Aarzoo Lucknowi

K.L. Saigal

Pyaari pyaari sûrato moh- bhari mûrato

Dushman

Pankaj Mullick (asstt: Hari Prasann Das)

Aarzoo Lucknowi

K.L. Saigal

Karooñ kya pandit niraas bhayi, diya bujhe phir jal jayé

Dushman @ The Enemy

Pankaj Mullick (asstt: Hari Prasann Das)

Aarzoo Lucknowi

K.L. Saigal

Bhai hum pardesi log, hameiñ kaun jãné? Na koi apna, na koi apni

Ek Hi Raasta  

Anil Biswas

Pandit. Indra Chandra

Anil Biswas

Dekh zara dil darpan (Jisé kehta hai aa gayã)

Ek Hi Raasta  

Anil Biswas

Pandit Indr

Anil Biswas

Kabhi neki bhi uske ji mein gar aa jaye hai mujhse (Raag Bhairavi)

Ghazi Salahuddin

Khemchand Prakash

Mirza Ghalib

Miss Kalyani

Shãlã jawaniyan mãné

Gul Bakawali

Ghulam Haider

Wali Saheb

Noor Jehan -

Chali Pawan Harso

Jawani Ki Reet

R. C. Boral

Arzoo Lucknowi

Kanan Devi

Radha Radha pyari Radha

Kangan

Saraswati Devi

Pradeep

Ashok Kumar, Leela Chitnis

Piya milan ko jana

Kapal Kundala

Pankaj Mullick

Pankaj Mullick

Pankaj Mullick

Zindagi ka saaz bhi

Pukar

Mir Saheb

Kamaal Amrohi

Naseem Bano

Meré manki bagiya phooli

Sant Tulsidas

Jnan Dutt

PL Santoshi

Vasanti, Vishnupant Pagnis

Main prem bagh ki panchhi [pakshi?], nit prem ki bãnî bolooñ

Sitara

Rafiq Ghaznavi

Munshi Dil

Khursheed

 

How these particular songs were chosen

India’s first—and Hindi-Urdu music’s only durable—hit parade began in 1954. Its creator, Binaca Geet Mala, issued annual lists for 1952 and 1953 as well. However, songs had been introduced in Hindi-Urdu films as early as in 1931, indeed, with India’s first talking film.

Which were the most popular Hindi-Urdu songs between 1931 and 1951? The internationally accepted way of finding out is to go through contemporary as well as later articles to see which songs were mentioned (‘cited’) most often.

Indpaedia’s volunteers spent almost 21 man-months combing through all sources that mentioned songs from the years not covered by Binaca Geet Mala. Around one-third of this time was spent sifting through and analysing fifteen sources that covered the period 1931-53. These included YouTube playlists, three encylopaedias of Hindi-Urdu songs and a scholarly history of Hindi-Urdu film music. Because very few songs were mentioned ‘often,’ the volunteers noted down every song that was mentioned at all. Less than half a dozen songs were omitted because they did not exist either on Saregama’s website, the Geet Kosh, YouTube or Hindi Geet Mala. Every song was cross-checked with at least one of these sites.

For more details please see Hindi-Urdu songs: methodology.

Annual lists for the years 1931-51 have been arranged in the alphabetical order, because no one knows the order of their popularity. However, this can be done.

The Indpaedia community will be grateful if some volunteer(s) check out on YouTube the songs mentioned on this page and rank them according to the number of times each song has been played. (Most, but not all, of these songs are on YouTube.) This contribution will be gratefully acknowledged in the volunteer’s name.

Raags in songs

Few film songs that have a root in Indian classical music remain faithful to a raag throughout their length. Indpaedia volunteers have sometimes mentioned raags even when there is merely a hint of that raag in a song. (‘Raag’ is frequently spelt ‘raga,’ while ‘taal’ is also spelt ‘tal.’)

Wherever a taal has been mentioned, it is the one verified by ChandraKantha.com, and sometimes the raags, too.

See also

For lists of popular songs

If the song that you are looking for has not been listed under one particular year, please look up the next year’s charts as well. This is especially true of Binaca/ Cibaca’s annual charts, which would put songs released in the last months of a year in the following year’s charts.

Hindi-Urdu songs: An introduction <> Hindi-Urdu songs: methodology <> Hindi-Urdu songs: sources and abbreviations <> Hindi-Urdu songs, 1931-49: years not known

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1931 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1932 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1933 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1934

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1935 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1936 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1937 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1938 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1939

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1940 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1941 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1942 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1943 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1944

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1945 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1946 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1947 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1948 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1949

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1950 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1951 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1952 Binaca Geet Mala: History and trivia Binaca Geet Mala 1953: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1954: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1955: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1956: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1957: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1958: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1959: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1960: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1961: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1962: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1963: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1964: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1965: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1966: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1967: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1968: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1969: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1970: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1971: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1972: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1973: greatest hits Binaca Geet Mala 1974: greatest hits

Binaca Geet Mala 1975: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1976: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1977: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1978: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1979: annual list

Binaca Geet Mala 1980: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1981: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1982: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1983: annual list Binaca Geet Mala 1984: annual list

Binaca Geet Mala 1985: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1986: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1987: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1988: annual list Cibaca Sangeet Mala 1989: annual list

Cibaca Sangeet Mala 1990: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1991: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1992: annual list Cibaca Geet Mala 1993: annual list Hindi-Urdu songs: 1994

Hindi-Urdu songs: 1995 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1996 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1997 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1998 Hindi-Urdu songs: 1999

Hindi-Urdu songs: 2000 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2001 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2002 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2003 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2004

Hindi-Urdu songs: 2005 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2006 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2007 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2008 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2009

Hindi-Urdu songs: 2010 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2011 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2012 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2013 Hindi-Urdu songs: 2014

Hindi-Urdu songs: 2015

For lists of popular Hindi-Urdu films

Indpaedia has lists of the highest grossing films of all individual years (and some decades) from Hindi-Urdu films: 1940 to the present.

Records for the 1930s are non-existent but you may still want to read:

Hindi-Urdu films: 1931 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1932 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1938 <>Hindi-Urdu films: 1939

Below are sample links, one from each decade. Links to all individual years (and some decades) will be found at the bottom of every page in the Hindi-Urdu films series.

Hindi-Urdu films: 1941 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1950 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1968 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1977 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1986 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 1995 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 2004 <> Hindi-Urdu films: 2013 <>

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